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with tares, and none to resist the enemy, but such as let him in at the postern; a rare superintendent at Rome, and a cipher at home. Hypocrites ! the gospel faithfully preached to the poor, the desolate parishes visited and duly fed; loiterers thrown out, wolves driven from the fold, had been a better confutation of the pope and mass, than whole hecatontomes of controversies; and all this careering with spear in rest, and thundering upon the steel cap of Baronius or Bellarmine.

Remonft, No seduced persons reclaimed ?
Answ. More reclaimed persons seduced.
Remonft. No hospitality kept?

Answ. Bacchanalias good store in every bishop's family, and good gleeking.

Remonft. No great offenders punished ?

Answ. The trophies of your high commission are renowned.

Remonft. No good offices done for the public?

Answ. Yes, the good office of reducing monarchy to tyranny, of breaking pacifications, and calumniating the people to the king.

Remonst. No care of the peace of the church ? * Answ. No, nor of the land; witness the two armies in the North, that now lie plundered, and overrun by a liturgy.

Remonst. No diligence in preaching?
Answ. Scarce any preaching at all.
Remonst. No holiness in living ?
Anfw. No.

Remonst. Truly, brethren, I can say no more, but that the fault is in your eyes.

Answ. If you can say no more than this, you were a proper Remonstrant to stand up for the whole tribe !

Remonst. Wipe them and look better.
Answ. Wipe your fat corpulencies out of our light.

Remonst. Yea, I beseech God to open them rather that they may see good.

Answ. If you mean good prelates, let be your prayer, Ask not impossibilities.

Remonft. As for that proverb, the bishop's foot hath been in it,' it were more fit for a Scurra in Trivio, or some ribald upon an alebench.

Answ.

Answ. The fitter for them then of whom it was meant.

Remonst. I doubt not but they will say, the bishop's fool hath been in your book, for I am sure it is quite spoiled by this just confutation; for your proverb, Sapit ollam.

Answ. Spoiled, quoth ye? Indeed it is so spoiled, as a good song is spoiled by a lewd finger; or as the saying is, “ God sends meat, but the cooks work their wills :" in that sense we grant your bishop's foot may have spoiled it, and made it “Sapere ollam,” if not.“ Sapere aulam ;" which is the same in old Latin, and perhaps in plain English. For certain your confutation hath achieved nothing against it, and left nothing upon it, but a foul tafte of your skillet foot, and a more perfect and diftinguishable odour of your socks, than of your nightcap. And how the bishop should confute a book with his foot, unless his brains were dropped into his great toe, I cannot meet with any man that can resolve me; only they tell me that certainly such a confutation must needs be gouty. So much for the bishop's foot.

Remonft. You tell us of Bonner's broth; it is the fashion in some countries to send in their keal in the laft service, and this it secms is the manner among our Smectymnuans.

Antw. Your latter service at the high altar you mean: but soft, fir, the feast was but begun, the broth was your own, you have been inviting the land to it this fourscore years; and so long we have been your Naves to serve it up for you, much against our wills : we know you have the beef to it, ready in your kitchens, we are sure it was almost fod before this parliament begun; what direction you have given fince to your cooks, to set it by in the pantry till some fitter time, we know not, and therefore your dear jest is lost; this broth was but your first service : alas, sir, why do you delude your guests? Why do not those goodly flanks and briskets march up in your stately chargers? Doubtless if need be, the pope that owes you for mollifying the matter so well with him, and making him a true church, will furnish you with all .. the fat oxen of Italy.

Remonft. Learned and worthy doctor Moulin shall tell them,

Answ.

Anfw. Moulin says in his book of the calling of pala tors, that because bishops were the reformers of the English church, therefore they were left remaining: this argument is but of small force to keep you in your cathedrals. For first it may be denied that bishops were our first reformers, for Wickliff was before them, and his egregious labours are not to be neglected : besides, our bishops were in this work but the disciples of priests, and began the reformation before they were bishops. But what though Luther and other monks were the reformers of other places ? Does it follow therefore that monks ought to continue ? No, though Luther had taught so. And lastly, Moulin's argument directly makes against you; for if there be nothing in it but this, biThops were left remaining because they were reformers of the church, by as good a consequence therefore they are now to be removed, because they have been the most certain deformers and ruiners of the church. Thus you see how little it avails you to take sanctuary among those churches which in the general scope of your actions formerly you have disregarded and despised; however, your fair words would now smooth it over otherwise.

Remonft. Our bishops, some whereof being crowned with martyrdom, subscribed the gospel with their blood.

Anfw. You boast much of martyrs to uphold your episcopacy ; but if you would call to mind what Eufebius in his fifth book recites from Apollinarius of Hierapolis, you should then hear it esteemed no other than an old heretical argument, to prove a position true, because some that held it were martyrs; this was that which gave boldness to the Marcionists and Cataphryges to avouch their impious heresies for pious doctrine, because they could reckon many martyrs of their sect ; and when they were confuted in other points, this was ever their last and stoutest plea.

Remonft. In the mean time I beseech the God of Heaven to humble you.

Answ. We shall beseech the same God to give you a more profitable and pertinent humiliation than yet yon know, and a less mistaken charitableness, with that peace which you have hitherto lo perversely misaffected.

AN

AX

APOLOGY FOR SMECTYMNUUS.

IF, readers, to that same great difficulty of well-doing .what we certainly know, were not added in most men as great a carelessness of knowing what they and others ought to do, we had been long ere this, no doubt but all of us, much farther on our way to some degree of peace and happiness in this kingdom. But fince our finful neglect of practising that which we know to be undoubtedly true and good, hath brought forth among us, through God's juit anger, so great a difficulty now to know that which otherwise might be soon learnt, and hath divided us by a controversy of great importance indeed, but of no hard solution, which is the more our punishment; I resolved (of what small moment foever I might be thought) to stand on that fide where I saw both the plain authority of scripture leading, and the reason of justice and equity persuading; with this opinion, which esteems it more unlike a christian to be a cold neuter in the cause of the church, than the law of Solon made it punishable after a fedition in the state. And because I observe that fear and dull disposition, lukewarmness and sloth, are not seldomer wont to cloak themselves under the affected name of moderation, than true and lively zeal is customably disparaged with the term of indiscrelion, bitterness, and choler; I could not to my thinking honour a good cause more from the heart, than by defending it earnestly, as oft as I could judge it to behove me, notwithstanding any false name that could be invented to wrong or undervalue an honest meaning. Wherein although I have not doubted to fingle forth more than once such of them as were thought the chief and most noininated opposers on the other side, whom no man else undertook; if I have done well either to be confident of the truth, whose force is best seen against the ablest resistance, or to be jealous and tender of the hurt that might be done among the weaker by the intrapping authority of great names titled to false opi. nions; or that it be lawful to attribute somewhat to gifts of God's imparting, which I boast not, but thankfully acknowledge, and fear also left at my certain account they be reckoned to me rather many than few; or if lastly it be but justice not to defraud of due esteem the wearifome labours and studious watchings, wherein I have spent and tired out almost a whole youth, I thall not distrust to be acquitted of presumption : knowing, that if heretofore all ages have received with favour and good acceptance the early industry of him that hath been hopeful, it were but hard measure now, if the freedom of any timely spirit should be oppressed merely by the big and blunted fame of his elder adversary; and that his sufficiency must be now sentenced, not by pondering the reason he shows, but by calculating the years he brings. However as my purpose is not, nor hath been formerly, to look on my adversary abroad, through the deceiving glass of other men's great opinion of him, but at home, where I may find him in the proper light of his own worth ; so now against the rançour of an evil tongue, from which I never thought so absurdly, as that I of all men should be exempt, I must be forced to proceed from the unfeigned and diligent inquiry of my own conscience at home (for better way I know not, readers) to give a more true account of myself abroad than this modeft confuter, as he calls himself, hath given of me. Albeit, that in doing this, I shall be sensible of two things which to me will be nothing pleasant; the one is, that not unlikely I shall be thought too much a party in mine own cause, and therein to see least: the other, that I shall be put unwillingly to moleft the public view with the vindication of a private name ; as if it were worth the while that the people should care whether such a one were thus, or thus. Yet those I entreat who have found the leisure to read that name, however of small repute, unworthily defamed, would be so good and so patient as to hear the same person not unneedfully

defended.

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