Spirals of Suffering: Public Violence and Children
This book is a collection of papers on the effects of public violence on children in South Africa. Section 1 of this report is an overview of the findings of South Africa's Goldstone Commission of Inquiry into the Effects of Public Violence on Children. Section 2 concentrates on assessing problems and intervening to relieve them. The following essays are included: (1) "Introduction" (Brian Rock); (2) "Overview" (Norman Duncan and Brian Rock); (3) "Children and Violence: Quantifying the Damage" (Norman Duncan and Brian Rock); (4) "Going beyond the Statistics" (Norman Duncan and Brian Rock); (5) "Survey of Organizations Providing Services to Children" (Norman Duncan and Brian Rock); (6) "Inquiry Recommendations" (Norman Duncan and Brian Rock); (7) "Advisory Panel Recommendations"; (8) "Assessing the Impact of Violence on Children" (Peter Newell); (9) "Being Human vs. Having Human Rights" (Cosmas Desmond); (10) "Post-traumatic Stress in Children: Presentation and Intervention Guidelines" (Gill Eagle and Catherine Michelson); (11) "Working with Traumatized Children: A Community Project" (Sheila Miller); and (12) "The Survivors of Apartheid and Political Violence in KwaZulu-Natal" (Anne McKay). An appendix lists resource contacts. Each chapter contains references, and there is a reference list for each section. (Contains 28 tables.) (SLD)
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abuse adolescents adults affected by violence apartheid areas behaviour black children Braamfontein Cape Town caregivers chapter child victims children affected children in South co-ordination conflict consequences convention corporal punishment culture Dawes detention discussion DNHPD effects of violence emotional ensure experience exposure to violence factors feelings forms of violence frequently Goldstone Commission Group Areas Acts human rights impact important individual inquiry institutions intervention Johannesburg KwaZulu-Natal large numbers levels of violence mental health NCRC Netshiombo Norman Duncan number of children oppression organisations parents particular physical punishment police political violence Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder present problems programmes protection psychological public violence Pumi racism recommend repression responsible result schools Simpson social South Africa South African children Straker & Moosa studies symptoms township trauma traumatised UNICEF victims of violence violence involving children violence on children youth
Page 198 - In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
Page 213 - American Psychiatric Association, 1994: 427-29. A. The person has been exposed to a traumatic event in which both of the following were present: (1) the person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others.
Page 200 - Rights, the ideal of free human beings enjoying freedom from fear and want can only be achieved if conditions are created whereby everyone may enjoy his economic, social and cultural rights, as well as his civil and political rights...
Page 186 - States Parties shall take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse, while in the care of parent(s), legal guardian(s) or any other person who has the care of the child.
Page 200 - Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
Page 187 - States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner consistent with the child's human dignity and in conformity with the present Convention.
Page 1 - Appeals to the past are among the commonest of strategies in interpretations of the present. What animates such appeals is not only disagreement about what happened in the past and what the past was, but uncertainty about whether the past really is past, over and concluded, or whether it continues, albeit in different forms, perhaps.
Page 187 - It provides that in all actions concerning children, the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration.
Page 187 - States Parties shall respect and ensure the rights set forth in the present Convention to each child within their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's or his or her parent's or legal guardian's race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability birth or other status.
Page 201 - November 1959 and recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (in particular in articles 23 and 24), in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (in particular in article 10) and in the statutes and relevant instruments of specialized agencies and international organizations concerned with the welfare of children...