The Early Republic: Primary Documents on Events from 1799 to 1820

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004 - History - 375 pages


In the first two decades of the 19th century, the early American Republic emerged from under the shadow of the internal and external threats that had formerly plagued its progression towards independence, and with increased confidence in its capacity as a political institution and as a military power, began to consider the policies that would determine the country's course in the future. In determining these policies, whether military, economic, or political, no single institution was more instrumental than the press--the engine of the national consciousness, in the words of Thomas Jefferson. With this unique collection of primary documents, students, scholars, and other interested readers will be able to debate the issues central to this period.

Beginning with an extensive overview of the period, this book focuses on 26 pressing issues of the early republic. Each issue is presented with an introductory essay and multiple primary documents from the newspapers of the day, illustrating both sides of the debate. Some of the issues thus discussed include: the nation's first regime change (as the Federalists lost control of the White House to the Republicans); the Louisiana Purchase; the War of 1812; slave revolts; the fear of immigrants; disunion; and the wars against the Indians. This is a perfect resource for students interested in the early republic and the actual opinions and words of those involved

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Contents

The United States Capital Moves to the Potomac
21
Thomas Jeffersons Election to the Presidency
37
Medical Treatment and The RushLight 1800
53
Gabriels Slave Rebellion 1800
65
Jeffersons Patronage and the New Haven
85
Thomas Jeffersons Mammoth Cheese and Wall
97
Nativism in the Age of Jefferson
109
The Tripolitan War 18011805
125
New Jerseys Repeal of Womens Suffrage 1807
189
The Embargo Act 18071809
201
The Battle of Tippecanoe November 78 1811
225
The Declaration of the War of 1812
243
The Burning of Washington D C August
261
The Hartford
279
The Era of Good Feelings 1817
295
The Establishment of the Second Bank of
317

The Louisiana Purchase 1803
137
Marbury u Madison 18011803
151
Aaron Burrs Conspiracy and Arrest for Treason
165
The ChesapeakeLeopard Affair 1807
177
Poverty and Pauperism in the Early National
337
Selected Bibliography
365
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Page 3 - If ever there was a period for rejoicing, this is the moment; every heart in unison with the freedom and happiness of the people, ought to beat high with exultation that the name of WASHINGTON, from this day, ceases to give a currency to political iniquity, and to legalize corruption.
Page 350 - Provided, That the further introduction of slavery or involuntary servitude be prohibited, except for the punishment of crimes whereof the party shall have been duly convicted ; and that all children born within the said State after the admission thereof into the Union shall be free, but may be held to service until the age of twenty-five years.
Page 99 - Government reach actions only, and not opinions, I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their Legislature should 'make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof...
Page 99 - American people which declared that their legislature should " make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof," thus building a wall of separation between church and State.
Page 115 - Is it not safer to wait with patience 27 years and three months longer, for the attainment of any degree of population desired or expected? May not our government be more homogeneous, more peaceable, more durable? Suppose 20 millions of republican Americans thrown all of a sudden into France, what would be the condition of that kingdom? If it would be more turbulent, less happy, less strong, we may believe that the addition of half a million of foreigners to our present numbers would produce a similar...
Page 115 - Suppose twenty millions of republican Americans, thrown all of a sudden into France, what would be the condition of that kingdom? If it would be more turbulent, less happy, less strong, we may believe that the addition of half a million of foreigners, to our present numbers, would produce a similar effect...
Page 115 - These principles, with their language, they will transmit to their children. In proportion to their numbers they will share with us the legislation. They will infuse into it their spirit, warp and bias its direction, and render it a heterogeneous, incoherent, distracted mass.
Page 115 - But might not the general character and capabilities of a citizen be safely communicated to every one manifesting a bona fide purpose of embarking his life and fortunes permanently with us...
Page 8 - The disease commenced with a violent ague, accompanied with some pain in the upper and fore part of the throat, a sense of stricture in the same part, a cough, and a difficult rather than a painful deglutition, which were soon succeeded by fever, and a quick and laborious respiration.
Page 86 - If a due participation of office is a matter of right, how are vacancies to be obtained? Those by death are few ; by resignation none.

About the author (2004)

PATRICIA L. DOOLEY is Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies at the Elliot School of Communications at the University of Wichita. Her first book, Taking Their Political Place: Journalists and the Making of an Occupation, released in 1997, came out in paperback form in 2000.

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