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of the Society, and who often rise to considerable itations in the Church.

The Town, including the Suburbs, is a mile in length from east to west, and almost as much in breadth from north to fouth, being three miles in circumference; but it is of an irregular figure; and several airy spaces are comprehended within these limits, besides the many courts and gardens belonging to the respective Colleges.

The City, properly so called, formerly surrounded by a wall, with bastions at about 150 feet distance from each other, is of an oblong form, and about two miles in circumference. Magdalen College, with the eastern as well as the northern fuburbs, which contain the parishes of Holywell, Magdalen, and St. Giles, with Balliol, Trinity, St. John's and Wadham Colleges, are without the old walls, of which fome part remains as a boundary to New College ; beginning near the east end of the High-Street, and continuing almost to the Clarendon Printing-house, where there was a Portal and a Chapel ; some remains of which are still visible.

The principal Street of the City runs from east to west, the entire length of the Town, but under different names; the High-Street, beginning at Magdalen Bridge, includes at least two thirds of that length; the remainder is to the end of Castle-Street. The HighStreet is perhaps without a rival, being of a fpacious width and length, adorned with the fronts of three Colleges, St. Mary's and All-Saints Churches, terminated at the east end with a view of Magdalen College Tower, and a beautiful bridge. Every turn of

a See Agas's Plan of Oxford, as it was in 1578; in which are given the form of the Castle, its bastions, walls, and ditch; the gates and walls of the city; and the Colleges, as they were originally built, Wadham and Jesus Colleges excepted, which were not then founded, -Printed for D, PRINCE and J. Cooke.


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this street presents a new object, and a different view, each of which would make an agreeable picture in perspective; whereas, had it been strait, every object would have been seen at one and the same instant, but more foreshortened than at present.

The second street is that which runs from south to north, crossing the street already described. The south fide is called Fish Street, and the other the Corn Market; from whence we pass into Magdalen Parish, and St. Giles's, which form a very {pacious street, and in some respects is preferable to either of the former, it having the pleasure and advantage of the country, though connected with the town. One end of this street is terminated by St. Giles's Church, and adorned with the front of St. John's College.

On the east side of Fish-street (commonly called St. Old's, by, corruption from St. Aldate's.) stands CbrifChurch College, the magnificent front whereof is extended to 382 feet in length. On the fame fide is the Town Hall where the Town and Country Sessions, and the Aflizes, are held; which was rebuilt with proper conveniences for the separate Courts, at the expense of THOMAS ROWNEY, Esq. late representative in Parliament, and High Steward of the City.

The chief bridges are, first, Magdalen new bridge, over the Cherwell, the terrace of which is 526 feet long, and consists of eleven stone arches. The old bridge being much decayed, and the entrance to the City both at the east and north being found very inconvenient, an Act was obtained in Geo. III, to make a commodious entrance through St. Clements to Magdalen Bridge, to rebuild the Bridge, to take down the gates, to pave and light the streets, and to remove all nuisances. In pursuance also of the fame Act of Parliament, on the ‘north side of the High-street, between St. Martin's and All Saints churches, was erected the New General


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Market, 347 feet long, and 112. wide, equal to any thing of the kind in the kingdom. The town was originally well laid cut, but like inost others, was unhappily embarrassed with many unsightly and inconve: nient Gbftructions, which are most of them cleared ; and by removing the East and North Gates, the whole City has undergone such improvements by paving and widening as renders it truly elegant and useful. The fecond, on the south side of the town, is over the Thames, where formerly stood an arched entrance, over which was the celebrated Friar Bacon's Study. This is the entrance from Abingdon in Berks, and is itself in that county, and consists of three stone arches. The third, on the west side, is likewise over a branch of the Thames, and is called High-Bridge.

There are in the City of Oxford, its Suburbs, and Liberties, fourteen parishes, viz. 1. St. Mary's. 2.. All-Saints. 3. St. Martin's. 4. St. Aldate's, or St. Old's. 5. St. Ebb's. 6. St. Peter's le Bayly. 7. St. Michaei's. 8.. St. Mary Magdalen's. 9. St. Peter's in the eaft. 10. Holywell. 11. St. Giles's. 12. St. Thomas's. 13. St. Johri's. 14. St. Clement's.

Of the Churches which give names to the several parishes already enumerated, there are but three which are remarkable, viz. St. Mary's, All-Saints, and St. Piter's in the east.

St. Mary's stands on the north fide of the High-street, and is the Church used by the University on Sundays and Holydays. It is well proportioned and handsomely built in the Gothic stile. The Porch is in a more modern taste. The Church consists of three ailes, and a large chancel, which is paved with black and white marble. The Vice-Chancellor sits at the west. end of the middle aile, on a throne elevated some few steps ; a little below which fit the two Proctors ; on either. hand the Heads of Houses and Doctors ;


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below these the young Noblemen; and in the Area, on benches, the Masters of Arts. At the west end also, with a return to the north and south ailes, are galleries for the Bachelors and Under-graduats; and under the middle ones'are seats for the Ladies. The Tower and Spire which rises to the perpendicular height çf 180 feet, is a very noble and beautiful structure, and contains a ring of fix large bells. The room on the north side of the Chancel, lately repaired in the ftyle of the rest of the Church, is now the Common Law School, where the Vinerian Professor reads his Lectures.

All Saints Church stands in the same street, a little to the westward of St. Mary's, and is a very beautiful fabric. It is adorned both within and without with pilasters of the Corinthian Order, an Attic story and balluftrade elegantly finishing it without, a curious fret-work Cieling, a neat Altar-piece, and high finishing within. This Church is 72 feet long, 42 wide, and 50 high, without a pillar. The Steeple is built after the manner of some of the new churches in Lon. don. The Architect, the Rev. Dr. Aldrich, formerly Dean of Chrif-Church.

St. Peter's in the East, near Queens' College, built by St. Grymbald, was the first Church of ftone in this part of the kingdom. It was formerly the University church ; and the University still go to it every Sunday in the afternoon during Lent. This parish has much to boast of, for it contains five Colleges ; viz. UniverJity, Queen's, New College, Magdalen, and Hertford Colleges, three Halls; viz. St. Edmund, Magdalen, and Alban Halls; two peals of ten bells, and one of fix, and three organs; two of which belong to College Chapels, where Cathedral service is performed twice a day, and the other to the parish church.



The Public SCHOOLS,. with one side of the Library on the west, form a square of 105 feet. The principal front of the Schools on the outside is about 175 feet in length, in the middle whereof is a gate, with a magnificent tower. Three sides of the upper story of the Schools are one entire room, called the PICTURE GALLERY, near the middle of which is a Statue in Brass of Philip Earl of Pembroke, by the same Artist who cast the equestrian statue of Charles I, at Charing-Cross: it is also furnished with the Portraits of most of the Founders of the Colleges, many learned and famous men, several large Cabinets of Medals, and some Cases of Books, being intended as a continuation of the Bodleian Library. Dr. Tanner, Bishop of St. Afaph, gave his valuable Collection of Manufcripts to the University, together with a sum of money to erect proper Cases for them ; they are deposited near the entrance into the Gallery ; as are Mr. Willis's, Mr. Godwyn's, and other Collections of Books and Coins.

Dr. Butler, late President of Magdalen College, and the late Duke of Beaufort, were at the Expense of new wainscotting the Gallery, which being done, and the Pictures cleaned and repaired, they are more advantageously diposed than heretofore ; and their number greatly increased by late Benefactors.

The UNIVERSITY. LIBRARY, usually called the Bod-Leian, from Sir Thomas Bodley, its principal Founder, is a large lofty structure, in the form of a Roman H, and is laid to contain the greatest number of Books of any Library in Europe, (except that of the Vatican) a Catalogue whereof is printed in two folio volumes. The ground, on which the Divinity School was


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