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This College confists of a President, 12 Fellows, and 32 Scholars. These, with the other Members, Gentlemen Commoners, Commoners,&c.amount to above 60.
Visitor. The Bishop of Winchester.
COLL E G E.
ALLIOL College is situated to the West of Tri
nity, and consists chiefly of one Court, which we enter by a Gothic Gate. The Buildings about this Court are ancient, except the East End, which is finished in the Manner in which the rest of that Quadrangle may be built.
The Chapel stands at the North-east Angle of the great Court. The great East Window, which is well executed, represents the Passion, Resurrection, and Afcension of Christ. The Hall is at the West End of the fame Court. In the Master's Lodgings are some good Rooms, particularly a spacious Hall, having a well preserved ancient Window to the East. Their Library is well furnished with a very large Collection of useful Books, and many ancient Manuscripts.
Over the Gate of the College are the Arms of the Balliol Family
And on the outside, over against the Master's Lodgings, was a Stone placed in Memory of those learned and pious Prelates, Archbishop Cranmer, Bishop Ridley, and Bishop Latimer, who were burnt at that Place for their Adherence to the Reformation ; which has not been visible since the City has been paved in its prefent Form.
Besides this Court, there is an Area to the Northwest, consisting of several detached Lodgings for the Students; and an elegant new Building, rather resembling a modern Dwelling-house, with a beautiful Front to the Street, erected at the Expense of Mr. Fisher,
late Fellow of this Society, in which are several handfome Apartments. This Inscription is on the North Side, by Desire of the Founder: VERBUM NON AMPLIUS FISHER.
Sir John Balliol, of Bernard Castle in Yorkshire, Father of John Balliol, King of Scotland, first designed the Foundation of this College for the Education of Scholars, to whom he gave yearly Exhibitions ; but dying before he purchased Land, he recommended the Design to his Widow Devorguilla, Daughter of Alexander III. King of Scotland, who first settled these Exhibitions; and in 1284 purchased a Tenement for her Scholars of Balliol, and conveyed it to the Masters and Scholars of this House for ever for their Habitation, having obtained a Royal Charter for that Purpose. She afterwards added several new Buildings to it, and settled Lands for the Maintenance of the Scholars, dedicating her Foundation to the Honour of the Holy Trinity, the Blessed Virgin and St. Katherine the Martyr; which Benefactions were afterwards ratified by her Son John Balliol, King of Scotland, and Oliver Bishop of Lincolo, in whose Diocese Oxford then was. The Value of the Lands and Revenues, belonging to this College, did not exceed 271. 95. 4d. per inn. at that Time; but their Estates were soon after greatly enlarged by the Benefactions of others, particularly Sir Philip Somerville. Dr. John Warner, Bishop of Rochester, founded four Scotish Exhibitions, endowing them with a Revenue, which has since been augmented by John Snell, Esq.
The Members of this Society are at present a Mafter, twelve Fellows, fourteen Scholars, and eighteen Exhibitioners; the whole Number of Students amounting to about 60.
The Masters and Fellows elect their Visitor, who at preient is the Archbihop of York.
ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE
leges, having a Terras, with a Row of lofty Elms before it.
The Buildings of this College chiefly consist of two targe Quadrangles. We enter the first by a handsome old Gateway with a Tower over it. It is formed by the Hall and Chapel on the North, the President's Lodgings on the East, and the Chambers of the Fellows, Scholars, and other Students, on the South an i
West Sides. The Hall is elegant, being well proportioned, and handsomely wainscotted, with a beautiful arched Roof, a Screen of Portland Stone, and a grand variegated Marble Chimney-piece, containing a Picture of St. John the Baptist, by 'Titian. It is likewise adorned with many other pictures; viz. at the upper End, by a whole length Portrait of the Founder; on his Right-hand Archbishop Laud, and on his Left Archbishop Juxon. On the North and South Sides of the Room are those of Bishop. Mew, Bishop Buckridge, Sir William Paddy, and other eminent Men who have been Members of, and Benefactors to, this Society.
The Chapel, which is adjoining to the Hall, is in all respects neat and commodious. It is divided from the Ante-Chapel by a new elegant Screen, over which has been erected a very complete new Organ. It has now an Elegance which results from several high finished, yet simple Ornaments. In particular the Stand on which the Bible is placed is adorned with Mafterly Carving. The Altar is of the Corinthian Order, and very properly adapted. Over the Communion Table is a fine Piece of Tapestry, reprefenting our Saviour with the two Disciples at Emmaus, copied from a Painting of Titian. The Dog snarling at the Cat under the Table, cannot be overlooked. Nor will the curious obferver be at much Loss, by the striking Likenesses in
the four Figures, in discovering they are the then Pope, Kings of France and Spain, and Titian, in the Characters of our Saviour, his Disciples, and Servant. On the North Side of the Choir, in a Marble Urn, inclosed in a Silver Vessel, is the Heart of Dr. Richard Rawlinson. In this Chapel Cathedral Service is performed twice a Day, at Eleven and Five.
Through a Passage on the East Side of the first Quadrangle we enter the second; on the East and Weft Sides whereof are handsome Piazzas in the Grecian Taste, each Column consisting of one single bluish Stone, dug from a Part of the College Estate near Fifield in Berkshire. In the Center of each Piazza is a magnificent Gateway, consisting principally of two Orders. 1. The Doric, which forms the Gateway itself, agreeable to that of the Piazzas. 2. The Ionic, which supports a femicircular Pediment. Between four of thefe Columns, viz. two on each Side, in a Niche, is a Brass Statue ; that on the East of King Charles I. and that on the West of his Queen, cast by Fanelli of Florence. That neither of the Greek orders might be wanting, the 3d, viz. the Corinthian, is very artfully introduced in the Conftruction of the Niche. The whole is richly embellished, and is the Design of that celebrated Architect Inigo Jones.
The Library includes the upper Story of the South and East Sides. The South Side is well stored with printed Books in all Faculties, regularly disposed. The: East with a most valuable Collection of Manuscripts : in which the Book cases adhering to the Sides, form a. - fpacious Gallery. Here are some valuable Curiosities, viz. the Picture of King Charles I. which has the whole Book of Psalms written in the Lines of the Face and on the Hairs of the Head: A very beautiful and singular Picture of St.John,stain'din a Composition, which has the Appearance of Polished Marble: Some curious Miffals. A Chinese Dictionary; and on the East Wirr
dow in elegant painted Glass are the Arms of the Founder, the Company of Merchant Taylors, and leveral other Benefactors to the College.
The Gardens are very extensive, and laid out with all those Graces which arise from a fucceffion of Beauties so disposed as to strike us gradually and unexpectedly. The Celebrated Mr. Browne, by removing a few embarraffing, overgrown Chesnut ý rees, has so changed the Aspect of this Garden, that few can at present vie with it.
This College was founded by Sir Thomas White, Alderman and Merchant-Taylor of London; who afterwards, Anno 1557, endowed it with several confiderable Manors, and at his Death bequeathed the Sum of 3000l. to purchase Lands to increase the Revenues of it. He originally designed Merchant-Taylors School in London as the only Seminary for this College; but being of a more Public Spirit than to confine himself to any one Place, he allowed two Fellowships to the City of Coventry, two to Bristol, two also to the Town of Reading, and one to Tunbridge.
The most confiderable Benefactors since have been Sir William Paddy, who founded and endowed the Choir, and built that Side of the New Quadrangle, of which the Library is a Part; Archbishop Laud, who at the Expense of above 50ool. (exclusive of 400l. for the Statues of the King and Queen) added the other three Sides; Archbishop Juxon, who gave 7000l. to this College ; Dr. Gibbons, who bequeathed the perpetual Advawson of the Living of Baynton in Yorkshire, and 1000l. to buy Books; Dr. Holmes, the late worthy President, with his Lady, who gave 15000l. to augment the Salaries of the Officers, and other Uses; and Dr. Rawlinson, who bequeathed the Reversion of an Estate in Fee-farm Rents.
The Present Members are a President, fifty Fellows, iwo Chaplains, an Organist, five Singing-men, fix