« PreviousContinue »
Compton, Bishop of London. Corbet, Bishop of Norwick,
HENRY VIII. a Full Length. King, Bpl Duppa, Bp Cardinal Fell, Bp Morley, Bp, Boulter, Abp
of Lond. 1 of Winton. Wolsey. of Oxon!! of Winton. I of Armagh. Dr. Aldrich Dean
A Butt of his Dr. Atterbury, Dean of Chrift Church. MAJESTY. of Christ Church, On the South Side beginning at tbe On the North Side beginning at tbe
lower End. Sir John Skinner, Chief
Justice of Dolben, Abp of York, the Court of Exchequer. Sir J. Trelawney, Bp of Winton, Agar, Abp of Caskel
Wood, Bp of Litchfield and Cov.. Peter Martyr, Canon of Ch. Ch. Gilbert, Abp of York, Clavering, Bp of Peterborough. Drummond, Abp of York, Morton, By of Meath.
A Bus of Geo. I. in Marble. Sir Gilbert Dolben.
Blackbourn, Abp of York. King, Bp Chichester.
Cox, Abp of Cathe Right. Hon. Geo. Grenville. Hooper, Bp of Bath and Wells. Tanner, Bishop of St. Asaph. "Stratford, Canon of Ch.Ch. Robinson, Abp of Armagh. John Freind, M.D. Stone, Abp Armagh.
Dr. Busby, Mast. of West. School. Elte, Bp of Waterford,
Mr. Locke. Benson, Bp Gloucester.
Fuller, Bp of Lincoln,
A Buft of Geo. II. in Marble. Dr. Freind, Malt. of West. School,
Dr. Thomas Burton.
Griffith, Bp of St. Asaph
Ravis, Bp of London. Heton, Bp of Ely.
Bancroft, Bp of Uxford, Howson, Bp of Durham.
Matthews, Abp of York. Godwin, fen. Bpof Bath and Wells. Godwin, jun. Bp of Landaff.
Over the Screen, and on each side, in the following Order. Ellis, Bp of Kildare. Lord Arlington Boyle, Earl of Orrery. Harley, Earl of Oxford. Lord Mansfield. Sir Dudley Carleton.
The Church of this College, which is the Cathedral of the Diocefe, is on the Eaft of the Grand Quadrangle, a venerable Structure, originally the Church of St. Frideswide's Monaftery. The Roof of the Choir is a beautiful Piece of Stone-work put up by Cardinal Wolfey, who also rebuilt the Steeple. The East Window was painted by Mr. Price, fenior, of London, after a Design of Sir James Thornhill, representing the Epiphany. In the Dormitory, which is an Aiseon the North Side of the Choir, is the Tomb of St. Frideswide, who died A.D. 739. At the North Corner of the West End is a Window curioufly painted, representing St. Peter delivered out of Prifon by the Angel: Beside the principal Figures, there are a confiderable Number of Roman Soldiers in various sleeping Attitudes, admirably well drawn: And, though a very small
Portion of the Glass is stained, the Colours are brilliant, and the Whole appears very lively. It was painted by J. Oliver, in his Eightieth Year, and given by him to the College in the Year 1700. In this and other Parts of the Church are fome Monuments, no less remarkable for their elegant Inscriptions than their beautiful Structure. In the
Aille, South of the Choir, is a good Portrait in the firft Window of Robert King, who was the last Abbot of Oseney, and the first Bishop of Oxford.
In the Tower are ten celebrated Bells, brought from Ofeney Abbey, as was the great Bell called Tom, aboyementioned.
In this Church, Choir Service is performed every Day at Ten and. Five ; except on Sundays and Holidays, when it is át Eight in the Morning.
Three Sides of Peckwater Court are uniform, defigned by Dr. Aldrich, then Dean, as eminent for his. Skill in Architecture as for his Knowlege in most other Branches. Each Side contains 15 Windows in Front. The lower Story is Rustic, in which are three Entrances. The second Story, and the Attic. D3
above it are contained in the Height of the Ionic Order, which refts uponthe Rustic. Over the five middle Windows in each side is a beautiful Pediment, which projects, supported by three-quarter Columns of the same Order, as the Entablature and Ballustrade of the other Parts are by Pilasters.-On the fourth Side of this Court is a magnificent LIBRARY, 141 Feet long, built in the Corinthian Order, the Pillars of which are four Feet in Diameter. Underneath was intended a Piazza opening to the Square, with seven Arches, and an Alcent of three Steps running the whole Length of the Building. This Design has been since altered, for the more convenient Reception of the great collection of Books belonging to the College. The Wainscoting, Book-cases, and Stucco Work, as well on the Staircase as in the Rooms of the Library, are very highly finished, particularly the beautiful Festoons in Stucco, charged with symbolical Imagery, severally representa ing the particular Branch of Literature contained beneath. At each End are Marble Busts, one of Dr. Boulter, late Primate of Ireland; the other of Dr. Freind, late Master of Westminster School. In the lower Apartments, both to the right and left, are deposited the celebrated Collection of Pictures given to the College by General Guise; among which are some from the Collection of King Charles i. A Portrait by Titian. The Flight into Egypt by Guido Reni. The Family of the Caracci's represented in a Butcher's Shop, the most celebrated Performance of Annibal Caracci. Two Nativities by Titian. Jesus and St. John embracing, by Raphael. A Nativity, by Raphael. The Fable of Ericthonius delivered to the Nymphs to be educated, by Salvator Roja. Venus and Cupid, by Titian. St. Francis in a Vision, supported by Angels, by Annibal Carraici. An Ecce Homo by Ludovica Carraci. A Medusa's Head by Rubens. The Pale of an
Altar, with Figures larger than the Life,"by Corregio.
In the lower Room also on the Right Hand is a
Canterbury Court, once Canterbury College, is now moft elégantly rebuilt, from a Plan- Suitable to Peckwater, with a superb Gateway, under the Diroction of Mr. Wyatt, by the munificence of the present Primate of Ireland, and other Benefactors.
The Chaplain's Court is situated South-east of the grand Quadrangle, on the North Side whereof is a large Building of new Chambers; the Walls of which was the Hall or Refectory of St. Fridefwide's Priory. 1 The Court of the Grammar School is South of the great Quadránglé, having the Hall on the North Side pf it: Under Part of the Hall is the Spacious Common Room, in which over the Chimney-piece is an excellent Buft, by Ryforack, of Dr. Busby, formerly Master of Westminster School, and a considerable Benefactor to the College. Round the Room are the Pictures of feveral of the Masters of the fame School, and other eminent Members of the Society. On the South Side is the new Anatomical Theatre, erected and endowed by the late Dr: Lee, Physician to King George the II. at the Expence of 20,000!. with a proper Stipend to the Lecturer, &c. In it is a fine Collection of Anatomical Preparations and Injections. The Wide Gravel Walk, shaded on each side with Elms, de
ferves our Notice, being a Quarter of a Mile in Length and of a proportionable Breadth. It commands a Sight of Lord Harcourt's Seat, a pleasant Prospect of the Meadows, the Thames, and some adjacent Villages.
This College was founded by Cardinal Wolsey, upon the place
where formerly stood the Priory of St: Frideswide, which, and several other religious Foundations, were dissolved, in order to endow, the new Cola lege intended by the Cardinal. The Design was far from being compleated at the Time of the Cardinal's Disgrace, little more being built than the East, South, and Part of the West Sides of the Great Quadrangle, and the Kitchen. And as to the Foundation itself, what ever it might be at that. Time, 'tis certain it was afterwards lefsened, and the Form of it altered two or three times by the King. The Disgrace of the Cardinal happened in the Year 1529, when the King seized upon this College, as well as the other Eftates belonging to the Cardinal. In the Year 1532, at the inffance of Lord Cromwell, the King new-modelled the Foundation, and gave it the Name of King Henry the Eighth's College. This was supprefled in 1545, and in the Year following the Episcopal See was removed from Ofeney to this College, and the Church of St. Frideswide constituted a Cathedral, by the Name of Christ's Church.
This Foundation, has continued in the fame Form ever since. It consists of a Dean, eight Canons, 101 Students, part of which are elected annually from Westminfter School, and the other Vacancies, as they happen, are filled up by the Dean and Canons; 8 Chaplains, & Singing-Men, and as many Chorifters, a School-malter, an Organift, &c. Since the Time of Queen Elizabeth, this College has largely experienced the Bounty of several Benefactors, particulary Bishop Fell, who left ten Exhibitions of rol. per Ann. to Commonere, to be held for ten Years from the Time they