The Search for Negotiated Peace: Women's Activism and Citizen Diplomacy in World War I

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Routledge, Sep 10, 2012 - History - 464 pages
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The First World War was an epic event of huge proportions that lasted over four years and involved the armies of more than twenty nations, resulting in 30 million casualties, including more than 8 million killed. Set against the backdrop of this massive carnage, The Search for Negotiated Peace is the gripping story of the events that moved high profile American and European citizens, particularly women, into the international peace movement. This small, transatlantic network put forth proposals for changing the international system of negotiation. They supported non-annexationist war aims and attempted to discredit nations’ secret diplomacy, militarism and narrowly nationalistic practices. Instead, they wanted to develop a ‘new diplomacy.’

David Patterson skillfully develops the interactions of many of the notable leaders of the movement, including Jane Addams, Aletta Jacobs, and Rosika Schwimmer, into an absorbing narrative that brings together the various strands of women's history, international diplomatic history, and peace history for the first time. The Search for Negotiated Peace is an essential read for anyone interested in the social history of World War I and the foundations of citizen activism today.

 

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Contents

Prologue
1
1 First Efforts
19
2 Women At The Hague
51
3 Private Diplomacy In Europe
82
4 Peace Workers And The Wilson Administration
104
5 More Momentum And New Directions
136
6 Climax And Anticlimax
153
7 Two Discomfiting Episodes
182
10 Woodrow WilsonS Independent Mediation
271
11 Aftermath
307
Conclusion
331
Profiles of PacifisticInternationalist British Women
339
Notes
341
A Note on the Sources
411
Bibliography
413
Index
429

8 Reappraisals And Political Realities
207
9 Peace Feelers In Europe
232

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About the author (2012)

David Patterson has served as a historian in both academia and government. Besides teaching at several universities, he was chief editor of the Foreign Relations of the United States series at the U.S. Department of State for several yeras. Besides numerous scholarly articles, Patterson is author of Toward a Warless World: The Travail of the American Peace Movement, 1887-1914.

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