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Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery,

Baron Herbert of Cardiff, Lord Ross of Kendal,

Par, Fitzhugh, Marmion, St. Quintin, and Shurland; Lord President of his Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council

, and Lord Lieutenant of the County of Wilts, and of South-Wales.



HIS Treatise, which is grown up under your Lordship's Eye, and has ventured into the World by your Order, does now, by a natural kind of Right,

come to your Lordship for that Protection, which you several years since promised it. 'Tis not that I think any Name, how great foever, set at the beginning of a Book, will be able to cover the Faults that are to be found in it. Things in Print must stand and fall by their own Worth, or the Reader's Fancy. But there being nothing more to be desired for Truth, than a fair unprejudiced Hearing, no-body is more likely to pro

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cure me that, than your Lordship, who are al lowed to have got so intimate an Acquaintance with her, in her more retired Recefies. Your Lordship is known to have so far advanced

your Speculations in the most abstract and general Knowledge of Things, beyond the ordinary Reach or common-Methods, that your' Allowance and Approbation of the Design of this Treatise, will at least preserve it from being condemned without Reading ; - and will prevail to have those Parts a little weighed, which might otherwise, perhaps, be thought to deserve no Consideration, for being somewhat out of the common Road: The Imputation of Novelty is a terrible Charge amongst those who judge of Men's Heads, as they do of their Perukes, by the Fashion; and can allow none to be right, but the received Doctrines. Truth scarce · ever yet carried it by Vote any where at its first Appearance: New Opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other Reason, but because they are not already common. But Truth, like Gold, is not the less so for being newly brought out of the Mine. 'Tis Trial and Examination must give it Price, and not any antique Fashion: And though it be not yet current by the publick Stamp; yet it may, for all that, be as old as Nature, and is certainly not the less genuine. · Your Lordship can give great and convincing instances of this, whenever you please to oblige the Pablick with some of those large and comprehenfive Discoveries you have made of Truths hitherto unknown, unless to some few, from whom your Lordship has been pleased not wholly to conceal them. This alone were a sufficient Reafon, were there no other, why I should


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from yours.

dedicate this Esay to your Lordship; and its having some little Correspondence with some Parts of that nobler and vast System of the Sciences your LordTip has made fo 'new, exact, 'and instructive a -Draught of, I think it Glory enough, if your Lordfhip permit me to boast, that here and there I have fallen into fome Thougtits not wholly different

If your Lordship think fit, that, by your Encouragement, this should appear in the World, I hope it may be a Reason, fome time or other, to lead your Lordship farther; and you will allow me 'to say, that you here give the World an Earnest of something, that, if they can bear with this, will be truly worth their Expectation. This, my Lord, Thews what a Present I here make to your Lordship; just such as the poor Man does to his rich and great Neighbour, by whom the Basket of Flowers or Fruit is not ill taken, though he has more Plenty of his own Growth, and in much greater Perfection. Worthless Things receive a Value, when they are made the Offerings of Respect, Esteem, and Gratitude: These you have given me so mighty and peculiar Reasons to have, in the highest Degree, for your Lordship, that if they can add a Price to what they go along with, proportionable to their own Greatness, I can with Confidence brag, I here make your Lordship the richest Prefent you ever received. This I am sure, I am under the greatest Obligations to seek all Occàfions to acknowledge a long Train of Favours I have received from your Lordship; Favours, tho’ great and important in themselves, yet made much more so by the Forwardness, Concern, and Kindness, and other obliging Circumstances, that

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never failed to accompany them. To all this, you are pleased to add that which gives yet more Weight and Relish to all the rest: You vouchsafe to continue me in some Degrees of your Esteem, and allow me a Place in your good Thoughts; I had almost said Friendship. This, my Lord, your Words and Actions so constantly shew on all Occasions, even to others when I am absent, that it is not Vanity in me to mention what every Body knows: But it would be want of good Manners, not to acknowledge what so many are Witnesses of, and every Day tell me, I am indebted to your Lordship for. I wish they could as easily affist my Gratitude, as they convince me of the great and growing Engagements it has to your Lordship. This I am sure, I should write of the Understanding without having any, if I were not extremely sensible of them, and did not lay hold on this Opportunity to testify to the World, how much I am obliged to be, and how much I am,

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