Reforming Chile: Cultural Politics, Nationalism, and the Rise of the Middle Class
Highlighting the crucial yet largely overlooked role played by society's middle layers in the historical development of Latin America, Patrick Barr-Melej provides the first comprehensive analysis of the rise of Chile's middle-class reform movement and its
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Alberto Edwards Alessandri alessandrista aristocrats Arturo Alessandri Palma ASXX Balmaceda Barros became campesinos campo chilenidad civic education conservative countryside criollismo criollista critic cuentos decades democratization Diario Ilustrado Durand economic Educacion Edwards Bello El Mercurio elite elite's Encina FECh Frente Popular Guillermo Labarca Historia de Chile huaso Humitas Ibanez Ibid ideas ideological inquilinos intellectuals Justice and Public Labarca Hubertson labor landowners Lastarria Latin Latorre leaders lector chileno Letelier Liberal Liceo literary Luis Mercurio mesocrats middle middle-class reformers Ministry nationalist newspaper nitrate oligarchic Palacios Parliamentary Republic Party patria patriotism pedagogical Pedro Aguirre Cerda Pinochet Portalian president presidential primary education primary schools progressive Providencias public education Public Instruction Radicals Raza chilena Recabarren reformist Revista de Education revolutionary rural Salas Sanfuentes Santiago sentiments Silva social question Socialist society teachers tion traditionalist twentieth century Union University of Chile urban Valentin Letelier workers working-class zamacueca
Page 5 - And class happens when some men, as a result of common experiences (inherited or snared), feel and articulate the identity of their interests as between themselves, and as against other men whose interests are different from (and usually opposed to) theirs.
Page 7 - It has continually to be renewed, recreated, defended, and modified. It is also continually resisted, limited, altered, challenged by pressures not at all its own. We have then to add to the concept of hegemony the concepts of counter-hegemony and alternative hegemony, which are real and persistent elements of practice.
Page 5 - The class experience is largely determined by the productive relations into which men are born or enter involuntarily. Class-consciousness is the way in which these experiences are handled in cultural terms: embodied in traditions, value-systems, ideas, and institutional forms.
Page 5 - I am convinced that we cannot understand class unless we see it as a social and cultural formation, arising from processes which can only be studied as they work themselves out over a considerable historical period.
Page 7 - Williams, a lived hegemony is always a process. It is not, except analytically, a system or a structure. It is a realized complex of experiences, relationships, and activities, with specific and changing pressures and limits. In practice, that is, hegemony can never be singular.
Page 9 - For him, the analysis of literary works reveals "those central problems with which man has been concerned at various times, permitting us to develop an image of a given society in terms of the individuals who compose it ... Literature tells us not only what a society was like in a past age, but also what the individual felt about it.
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Negotiated Revolutions: The Czech Republic, South Africa and Chile
No preview available - 2005