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by ioundations from vulgar violence or final as well as immediate destinies of misappropriated power.
man, was beautifully and forcibly deOppressions to the Poor, when con- scribed. Sunday schools were defended pelled to enter workhouses or supplicate from the charge of inefficiency to supply parochial relief, by depriving them of the adequate knowledge to the children of benefit of public worship, and refusing the poor, and their moral and religious to permit them to receive consolation in advantages—their individual and national sickness, old age, and death, from their beneficence happily maintained. Whilst pastors and religious friends, being again Mr. Brougham was respectfully noticed renewed, were again communicated and as the general friend to liberty, and condemned, and they confirmed the re- praised for the motives that induced his luctance, often expressed, to increase the labours, his measure was analyzed and means of thus inflicting ill, on those censured:--and it was demonstrated, that persons who so abused their “ brief au- its enactment was not required by necesthority,” by entrusting to them the uni- sity-would be both difficult and expenversal Education of the Poor.
sive in operation, and must ultimately Statements were then made of the illegal lessed the quantity and value of the edu. conduct of the Clergymen at Hartland in catiou it was intended to increase. The Devonshire, and at Bishopston in Wilts, coutradictions between two articles, as in declining to read the Service of the to the marriages of Dissenters, and as to Church over the bodies of those who had the Education Poor Bill, in a number of not received the rite of baptism from the Edinburgh Review, published that Episcopalian hands; and especially of the morning, were pleasantly exposed; as refusal of the Vicar of Kimbolton, in the the former article eulogized the Society county of Huntingdon, to marry Joseph and its Secretary, whom the other article Hudson and Mary Williamson, because wished to degrade ; whilst the latter the bridegroom, being the son of a Bap- article became the vehement panegyrist tist Dissenter, had never been baptized; of the Established Church, and the with the applications to their several former article was calculated to excite Bishops, and the apologies the Clergymen many a smile or loud laugh at its exhad been compelled to make. Those pense. The latter article was considered statements were obviously listened to to be the requiem of the Education Bill with pity, but with pleasure; pity for that had excited universal and just alarm, ministers of the Established Church, who and would be probably its funeral dirge. displayed an animosity 80 unchristian Yet vigilance would be needful to meet but so impotent—and pleasure, that on the evil spirit if in another Session of all those occasions the interpositions of Parliament it should reappear; and then the Committee were attended with just the love of Dissenters to knowledge and and most triumphant success. Wishes to freedom, and their consequent averalso were expressed, and loudly approved, sion to a measure that must augment that the Unitarian application to Parlia- their burdens, infringe their toleration, ment for relief as to marriages should and render their degradation more deep foally succeed, and that by the burial and lasting, would doubtlessly produce of Dissenters in their own cemeteries cxertions that would lay that “ foul they should diminish the power of vexa- fiend,” so that it would never rise again. tion which so many Clergyinen continued But especially it was advised that by
additional, intermediate and ever-proOf lesser indications of the inclinations gressive efforts to establish schools on of Clergymen unkindly to assume or per- liberal principles, and to prevent one vert authority, other instances were then hamlet from remaining uncheered by the adduced ; and among them the prohibi- light of information, Dissenters and all tion by the Vicar of Hungerford, in Berk. friends to gratuitous and liberal Educashire, of the tolling of the parish-bell at tion, should render the measure, now the funeral of the affectionate and la- needless, yet more unnecessary, and so mented wife of Rev. R. Frost, the Dis- satisfy even the advocates for the expesenting Minister in that town, especially riment that spontaneous and bounteous produced displeasure and regret.
charity would adequately and better supThe measure of Mr. Brougham as to ply, without any compulsory laws, the the Education of the Poor was amply and universal education which the opponents ably discussed. The benefits of educa- and advocates for the measure equally tion were asserted, and Dissenters vindi- desire. cated from all complaints of unfriendli On the Test and Corporation Acts a Dess or indifference to a blessing they had on the effect which the relief of the Camost contributed to patronise and diffuse. Tholics would have on the future emanBut the difference between mere literary cipation of Protestant Dissenters; and instruction, and the education that would on their present situation, some conclude form the character, and influence the ing observations were made.
The tone assumed by the high church and to celebrate their marriages, and by party throughout the country, the viru- sanctioning many proceedings liostile not lence of their publicatious, and the into- only to their useful labours, but even to lerant dogmas they revived, were clearly the toleration they are entitled to enjoy : exposed. The sermon of Mr. Cassan, of but that they cheerfully acknowledge the Frome, in a discourse “ on Schism," courteous conduct of ihe Bishops of Sawhich unchristianized all persons who lisbury and Lincoln, who, at the request ventured to dissent, and which had ob- of the Committee, interfered to restrain tained the thanks of his own Diocesan, some clerical aggressions of which they and of four other Prelates :-the volume complained. entitled “ Correlative Claims," written 3. “That whilst this Meeting continue to prove the necessity of an Established ardently to desire the repeal of the Test Church, and which had obtained from and Corporation Acts, they approre the the clergy of Wales an honorary prize; abstinence of the Committee from any --and the Bampton Lectures of the past measures for attempting that repeal duryear by Mr. FAUSSETT, which re-asserted ing the past and present Sessions of Parthe needfulness of the Sacramental Test, liament, but direct them to make that and pronounced its eulogy, were noticed, attempt at the earliest period that prunot with any apprehension from their dence may recommend. virulence or arguments, but to prove that 4.“That regarding HENRY BROUGHAM, the zeal of their opponents being unabated Esq., M.P., as an eloquent, benevolent -- the watchfulness of the friends to and enlightened frieud to civil and relireligious freedom to study and to an- gious freedom, and obliged by his exerpounce, and their union to defend their tions to correct the abuse of educational principles, should never intermit. And charities, this Meeting deplore that a an hope, sometimes faint but always Bill should have been introduced by him cheering, was expressed, that finally the to Parliament, as to the Education of the chill lunar light of toleration would be Poor, that would injuriously increase the succeeded by the meridian day-beams of power of the Established Church, add religious liberty ;--that protection would largely to the load ot' the public burdens, be needless, because the sacred rights of augment the degradation and evils of conscience would be universally recog- which Dissenters complain, and lessen nized—and no assailants of those rights that general, extending and beneficent abide among the dwellers upon earth; instruction, which honourable zeal and that then no rumour of oppression, for an Christian philanthropy abundantly supply: honest difference in religious sentiments, and that the Committee for the ensuing would sound on the ear, nor restir the year be directed strenuously to oppose spirit; and that then he might enjoy the the progress of the measure whenever retirement that he sought, well knowing revived. that when knowledge, freedom and reli 5. “ That they continue especially to gion held an undisputed sway, plenty, approve the firmness, but moderation; purity and peace, with happiness and the vigilant, but unobtrusive activity; Jove, would be universal and complete. and the conciliating candour', but fearless
Of the admirable speech of Mr. Wilks, energy, with which the affairs of the which was often interrupted by shouts Society have been again conducted during of acclamation, and on the conclusion the past year. greeted by plaudits, continued during se 6." That this Meeting having expressed veral minutes, we regret that the heat of that cpinion of the conduct of the Comthe room and a disadvantagecus situation, mittee, entreat them to accept their corhave compelled us to present only this dial thanks : and that very abbreviated and imperfect sketch. Rev. Messrs. J. Brooksbank, W. B.
On its conclusion, the following reso- Collyer, D.D., Geo. Collison, F. A. Cox, lutions were successively proposed, and A.M., Thomas Cloutt, Alex. Fletcher, unanimously adopted :
A. M., Rowland Hill, M. A., Thomas 1. “ That notwithstanding calumnies Jackson, W. Newman, D.D., W. F. and opposition, experience confirins this Platt, s. w. Tracey, John Townsend, MIceting in their opinion of the necessity, Matthew Wilks; and importance and advantages of this Insti David Allan, Wm. Bateman, J. B. cution, and additionally attaches them to Brown, James Emerson, James Esdaile, the great principles of religious freedom Thomas Hayter, J. 0. Oldham, J. Pritt, which its founders justly expressed, and Wm. Townsend, Matthew Wood, M.P., which this Meeting glory to avow. Thomas Walker, Thomas Wontner, and
2. “That they deeply regret the con- James Young, Esqs.,-consisting of mitinued aggressions of the clergy of the nisters and laymen, in equal proportions, Established Church on Protestant Dis- with the Treasurer and Secretaries, be senters, by renewing their refusals to appointed to act as the Committee for read the burial-service qver their
the ensuing year.
7. “That to RoBERT STEVEN, Esq., Presbyterian Church, Swallow Street, the Treasurer of the Institution, they London, in the room of the late Dr. cordially renew their acknowledgements, Nicol. and assure him of their wishes that his The Rev. Isaac Gossett, M.A., his active and useful life may be long and Majesty's Chaplain at Windsor Castle, happily preserved.
and minister of Datchet, has been pre8. ^ That with equal cordiality they sented to the Vicarage of New Windsor. also express their increasing gratitude for persevering, disinterested, laborious and invaluable exertions to THOMAS PELLATT
MISCELLANEOUS. and John Wilks, Esqs., the Honorary On Sunday, April 29, NEHEMIAH SoSecretaries to this Society.
LOMON, a converted Jew, was ordained 9. “ That whilst this Meeting regret as a Priest in the Church of England, that unavoidable circumstances have de- preparatory to his going as a Missionary prired them of the promised presence of to the Jews in Poland, under the patroLord John Russell, to preside on this nage of the London Church of England occasion, they delight to assure their Society for Converting the Jews, by the excellent Chairman, s. C. WHITBREAD, Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of St. DaExq., M. P., for Middlesex, of their cor- vid's, in the presence of a very large dial gratitude for his prompt and cour- congregation. teous acceptance of the situation, for the kindness he has manifested, and for the attachment to religious liberty he has
The honour of Knighthood has been expressed."
in two instances lately surreptitiously ohtained, which has given rise to an order
in the Gazette for measures of precaution The next Annual Meeting the Uni
to prevent the recurrence of the fraud. tarian Tract Society, established in Bir- The Gent. Mag. intimates that the inmingham for Harwickshire and the neigh- stances alluded to are those of Sir Cobouring counties, will take place at Leices- lumbine Daniell and Sir Charles Aldis. ter, on Wednesday, July 25. The Rev. Robert Wallace, of Chesterfield, has en In the Court of King's Bench, June 1, kaged to preach.
sentence was passed upon the persons JAMES HEWS BRANSBY,
concerned in electing Sir Charles WolseSecretary ley“ legislatorial attorney” (as they
styled it) for Birmingham, as follows:
Major Cartwright a fine of £100.; The Tenth Anniversary of the Rent George Edmonds, imprisonment for nine and Sussex Unitarian Christian Associa
months ; tion, will be holden at Tenterden, on
Diador, imprisonment for
eighteen months; and T. J. Wooler, imWednesday, 1st August, 1821. Divine prisonment for fifteen months; all three Service to commence at half-past Ten. The Rev. G. Harris, of Liverpool, is and to find securities for good behaviour
to be confined in the jail of Warwick, expected to preach.
during five years, themselves in £400
each, and two securities in £200 each. The Susser Unitarian Association will hold its second Anniversary Meeting
FOREIGN in Lewes, on Wednesday the oth of August. The Rer. R. Aspland is expected
Baptism of the Duke de Bourdeaur.
This ceremony was arranged with a
view to the taste of our Gallic neighbours THE Rev. Wm. Wyvill, of Trinity for pantomime and spectacle. The reCollege, Cambridge, to the Rectory of joicing continued for three days. On the Spenithorne, Yorkshire, void by the first, sixteen female orphans were pordeath of Dr. Dodsworth; "patron the Rev. tioned by the city of Paris and presented C. Wyvill, of Burton Hall.
to the King ; on the second, there was a The Rev. H. BromeY, Vicar of Hull, royal banquet, concert and ball at the to the vicarage of Cheswardine, in Shrop- Hotel de Ville; and on the third day, a shire, by 'Thoinas Smallwood, Esq., of grand entertainment was given to the
market-women, apprentices and labouring The Rev. J. S. CLARKE, LL.D., (Do- people of Paris. No less than 18,000 mestic Chaplain to the King,) to a Pre- pounds of sweet-meats from Verdun'are bend of the Chapel of St. George, said to have been thrown among the
people in the Champs Elysées. NumerMr. John MARSHALL elected to the ous promotions in the army and civil
departments took place on the occasion, cies, that the iniquity can be wholly which was further signalized by the crea- abolished. The time will surely come tion of two Dukes. The young child was when the Americans will suffer po slaves actually christened with water, brought by at home. Chateaubriand from the river Jordan! And the wits have been very busy on this Since the article on American Unitapoint, making remonstrances in favour rianism in the last Number (p. 309) was of the Seine, which they represent as the written, we have received “The Christruly legitimate river. When the cere- tian Disciple,” published March 9, 1821, mony was taking place, Louis is reported and find that the Unitarian controversy to have said ; “ Let us invoke for the has been actively kept up in New York. child the protection of the Mother of The 22d of December was observed in God, the Queen of Angels, and implore New England as the Two Hundredth her to watch over his days, to remove Anniversary of the Landing of the Fa. far from his cradle the misfortunes with thers, and at New York a Dr. SPRING which Providence his afflicted his rela- preached before the New England so tives, and to conduct him hy a path less ciety, and took occasion to vilify the rugged than I have trodden to eternal churches in Massachusetts on account of felicity!"
their Unitarianism. His sermon has
been printed, but the charges are somePOLAND.
what softened. An answer, “ by a Monument to Copernicus. A colossal York,” is by “ The Christian Disciple”
Member of the Unitarian Society at New monument is to be erected at Warsaw, pronounced admirable. The subject has in honour of NicHoLAS COPERNICUS, been taken up by the newspapers. (born at Thorn, in 1473, and died 1543,)
The congregation at New York hare on an elevated base, in bronze, represent- put out a Collection of Psalms and Hymns ing the philosopher in an antique cos
for Unitarian worship. tume and sitting upon an antique chair. He is to hold a celestial globe in one hand, and in the other the MS. of his work has been instituted under the title
At Baltimore a monthly periodical System. This monument is to be erected of the Unitarian Miscellany, and an by the voluntary contributions of the Unitarian Society has been established nation,
for the distribution of books. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
EAST INDIES. With a wisdom, spirit and humanity, Accounts have reached England of a becoming a great and free people, the late unsuccessful encounter of a detachUnited States' Legislature has taken ment of British troops with a tribe of 'measures to put down effectually the Arabs who are of the sect of the Wechaabominable Slave Trade. An Act of bites (or Wahabees). The grounds of Congress decrees that every citizen of the war are imperfectly known : as far as United States sailing under any flag, as they are detailed, they seem very slight. well as every foreigner sailing under the These Arabian reformers, who are able American flag, who shall be convicted of to repulse the troops of Great Britain, carrying it on, shall be visited with Ca must be not a little formidable to the pital Punishinent. It is only by treating irregular, heartless soldiery of the Grand the traders in the persons of men as Seignor and his tributary chiefs. pirates, and as the enemies of their spe
Communications have been received from Messrs. Marsom, Probert and R. Martin; and L. H.; A. B.; R. F. ; L. L.; No Grecian ; and an Unitarian.
“H. R. has been received." -We are sorry that we do not judge M. A. C.'s lines fit for the public eye, but we so cordially sympathize with the feelings that prompted them, that we have sent them to the family of the deceased, by whom they will be duly estimated.
W. J.'s account of the Presbyterian Classis in Lancashire is intended for insertion, and the remainder is requested to be sent.
A Nonconformist, in reply to V.M. H. (p. 290), repeats his assertions, and seriously declares that his remarks are founded upon experience and observation ; but he candidly refers it to our discretion to insert or to keep back his letter, and, for obvious reasons, we prefer the latter alternative.
Memoirs of Professor de Rossi. [The following biographical sketch The great progress I made, in the is extracted from the “ North Ame- four months that I attended to it, and rican Review," for January 1820, the many performances which I have where it appears as a review of Me- in part preserved, are proofs of the morie Storiche, 8c., i. e. “ Historical happy turn I had by nature for the Memoirs of the Studies and Produc- arts." tions of Dr. John Bernard de Rossi, Desirous of taking his theological Professor of the Oriental Languages; degrees, he repaired to Turin at the written by Himself.” The « North age of 20, and in the following year American Review,” is a Quarterly was admitted to the first of them. The Literary Journal, on the plan of our King of Sardinia, Victor, having wisely two great English Journals. . We are made it the duty of all candidates for happy to be able to give so interesting the theological degrees to study the a specimen of Transatlantic periodical Hebrew language, De Rossi devoted literature. Ed.]
himself to it, and with such zeal, that
he was in the space of a few months in JOHN OHN BERNARD DE ROSSI a condition to compose and to translate
was born in Piedmont, October in this language, of which he failed 25, 1742, of a respectable family, not to give many proofs, such as an which had received at various times epistle and a prose canticle, addressed several marks of the favour of the to his professor, the speech of Esther, dukes of Savoy. After the first school translated from the Vulgate into Heeducation at Bairo, he went, at the age brew, and many parts of the Hebrew of 14, to Ivrea, where, to use the translated into Italian. Extending his phrase of the French and Italian attention from the ancient to the moschools, he made his grammar, huma- dern poesy of the Jews, be applied nities and rhetoric. At this early age, himself so diligently to the latter, that he gave an indication of his future zeal at the end of the sixth month, he comas a writer, by extracting from the posed and published a poem in a new Latin classics, which he studied, and and most difficult metre, addressed to the philosophy he read, the striking Monsignor Rorà, newly made Bishop maxims and fine moral passages they of Ivrea. This rapidity of acquisition, contained, and forming of these a as De Rossi himself remarks, attracted compendium. “This,” says he," was no small notice, and, among others, the commencement of two practices that of the Jews, and upon occasion of which I ever afterwards observed; one, this rempark he gives us an anecdote of to read no book without making a note his early zeal in applying his learning of the remarkable things it contained, to the defence of his faith. “An indiand another, to form, upon the maxims vidual of this nation, whom I met thus collected, as far as they accord accidentally at a bookseller's, after with religion, my own character and having asked me if I could read Heconduct." While at Ivrea, he deter- brew, gave me, as a trial, the celemined on embracing the ecclesiastical brated verse in Deuteronomy, “ Hear, profession, and commenced the study (Israel, the Lord thy God is one of theology. He also amused himself Lord :' repeating as I read it, that it in making sun-dials, horizontal and was echad, one. True, answered 1, vertical, at all declinations, and figures perceiving his malice, and the unity of in relief, which he afterwards coloured. God is a fundamental article of Chris- While at Ivrea,” also continues tianity. But why is the name of God Professor de Rossi, “ I had the fancy thrice repeated ? He being unable to to take lessons in drawing of tlie answer, I took this occasion to shew Canon Stephen Perónetti, an excellent him how, in this very verse, by which painter, who had studied in Rome. be thought to impugn it, that mystery VOL. XVI.