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the beginning of this letter the Doctor prompted the thought, how useful to sets in opposition to Sulpicius. such places would it prove were the

RICHARD MARTIN. ministerial character, in a degree, to P. S. If


be blended with the medical one. The

proper to insert this letter in the Repository, I shall indispositions to which humanity is soon forward another relating to Dr. subject, would derive additional alleP.'s History of Opinions among the viation, could the minister, whilst Primitive Gentile Christians.

administering comfort to the depressed

mind, likewise impart the usual remeBrighton,

dies for the afflicted, diseased body. Sir, June 21, 1821.

Not with a view to make the medical THE

HE accounts given in the Repo- knowledge subservient to the pecuniary sitory of the Unitarian


advantage of the village minister, tions by an Unitarian Traveller were (though in neighbourhoods where the amusing, but he appears to have fallen income is so small that it can hardly into some mistakes; and really it is maintain one, there might be occasional not very surprising that mistakes

trifling assistance obtained from the should occur relative to the state of more affluent, in consideration of addiour congregations, when our chapels tional attendance on themselves when in are hardly discoverable; many of them ill health, and particularly in default of being in dark alleys or by-places. I a medical resident, which in the country have often wished that the words is not uncommon, but where the much"Unitarian Chapel” were affixed to

lamented fact exists, that in some very them all. This, I believe, some old distressed neighbourhoods many perish Unitarians dislike ; but I expected to for lack of medical, tirely advice, find the new Unitarians” approve the through the inability to pay for it. plan. Passing through Brighton, where What balms of consolation would arise I had heard that a famous chapel had to an anxious minister in a village or been erected, I looked for a building with the confidence and ability of a

hamlet, to be enabled to prescribe, with the above description and found none : but I found one with a Greek physician, for the relief of the body as inscription, which, however correct,

well as for the troubled mind, may be could not, I thought, benefit the un

more easily conceived than described. learned inquirer. To try the experi

Competent ministers in places to ment I asked the coachman, what that which I refer, would be treasures chapel was.

He said it was built by a greater than gold, and would be renew party of Christians, whose name

sembling, indeed, their great Master, be forgot; but it began with an M. A who went about continually doing good little way on the road he observed, he to the souls and bodies of men. Obrecollected “ what those folks were

jections may be stated to this union of called,” it was Monotheons ; but that characters, (but of less weight as it he knew nothing about them. A gen- and who can tell where he will be

applies to distant parts of the country, teman behind us said they were an odd set; that they did not believe, as

situated as a minister?) but, on some he was told, in Christ, or in the Devil, consideration, I think the advantages of angels, or future punishment : tó preponderate. Under this conviction, which the coachman rejoined, he had permit me to suggest that the students beard they were very blasphemious. Unitarians should likewise study me

designed for the ministry amongst the Here the conversation dropped; but dicine. Even as fathers of families I beg to submit to you, Mr. Editor, hereafter, in remote places, they would and to your intelligent readers, whe- find it conducive to their own and ther this and all other Monotheon chapels should not be intelligibly de neighbours' comforts; but as connected scribed. NO GRECIAN.

with the poor, the diseased and the distressed of their future congregation

or village, they would reap, in the June 30, 1821. advice or assistance given, a harvest of THE THE experience of a twelve years' consolation, inexpressibly delightful

residence in a very populous, but and abundantly useful. Such instrucextremely poor neighbourhood, has tion and course of lectures might be,

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with trifling expense, given at York the understanding and the heart which College ; for doubtless that city contains he had just heard from the pulpit, he some generous, liberal-hearted physic exclaimed to this effect,— * He had cian (possibly one connected with the nothing to do with him, for he did not Unitarians) who would, for a very belong to his club.” Humanity canmoderate gratuity, every term deliver not help shedding a tear at the bare such a course, and likewise examine recital, but this fact alone evinces the the students in this branch periodically; propriety of the suggestion made ; for and through him, too, doubtless could if any one would so conduct himself be obtained access to the public infir- before strangers and numbers, are we maries of that city, for the students? not warranted in believing, without experience, observation and improve- certainty of remuneration, many a ment: so that they might possess the poor, distressed object would be never requisite knowledge in medicine ere approached? Instances, too, are known they leave the College. The expense where others have refused to dismount now proposed would be so small, the from their horses and enter the house probable good so great, that I can of the patient till they have received hardly doubt but the Trustees would their fee. Would not the minister, in provide for the charge out of the any distressing cases of poverty, (ivere annual contributions. As a subscriber, he properly qualified,) be an angel of I heartily approve of it, knowing by mercy, could he supply the place of experience its utility to both the poor a professional medical attendant ? I and even the middle class of country shall, therefore, not cease to hope society. Those of your readers who, Unitarian Ministers may be in future like myself, reside at a considerable so qualified.

G. D. distance from a town, well know how to appreciate the suggestion, but much

Clifton, more so if in a vicinity where poverty

July 9, 1821.

TOUR correspondent J. W. in . I

your last Number, (p. 337,) aprate heart-rending cases of this descrip- pears to refer to a communication of tion, which a minister, not acting from mine in your last Volume, in his any motives but those of love to his inquiry respecting an Unitarian place fellow-creatures, might, (with compe- of worship at Scarborough. tent knowledge) have been highly I have not heard that any thing furinstrumental in relieving.

ther has been done towards the accomAt an anniversary of a village benefit plishment of the proposed plan than club, a few years ago, the clergymnan, what was stated in that letter. I bewith his accustomed benevolence and lieve it is the opinion of some of the disposition to promote laudable objects, friends of the proposal, that unless a consented to preach to them: he em- handsome chapel could be built, and a braced so favourable an opportunity to regularly educated minister obtained, convey instruction, by selecting the it is better that nothing should be admirable lesson of the good Samari- attempted. But in this opinion I tan, enjoining on them the duty of cannot accord. It is said to be a proassisting and contributing to each verbial maxim with the Italians, that other's relief in the hour of necessity“ in governing others, you must do and disease. Amongst the official what you can do, not all you would characters who attended, was the doc- do ;” and it may be peculiarly useful tor of the club, who received an annual for those to remember this who wish gratuity for his services. The mem to effect any important change in bers of the club, as well as auditors, public opinion. If chapels cannot be were very numerous for a week-day built, let us hire rooms ; or if a more

When service was over, and costly bụilding cannot be afforded, let the members had reached, in proces- us be content with the humblest; if a sion, the church-yard, an individual, a learned minister cannot be obtained, looker-on in the crowd, fell down, let respectable laymen devote a porapparently in a fit. The doctor was tion of their time to the communication instantly summoned, and, notwith- of such religious knowledge as they standing the eloquent appeal both to possess.

frequently does not and cannot procure Y


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I grant that in watering-places, to your last Number, p. 331, I beg leave attract the attention of the higher to state for his inforination, that in the "ranks ought to be made a principal case to which he alludes, it appears to si object; but though we may have me he has inferred too much in sup

hearers, we can never have a congre- posing that the Trustees had given a para gation unless we lay the foundation guarantee to the Minister for the

deep in the middle and lower classes. amount of his income: or such gua

Nor are the visitors the only persons rantee, if given, might not have been the whose religious welfare is to be pro- in writing, and, therefore, under the

vided for in such a place. There is a statute of Frauds, could not have been 3. very numerous class of persons drawn admissible evidence in a court of law. , together by the hope of living by the I have not been able to refer to the si visitors, many of whom are often report of the case alluded to, but there

unconnected with any religious body. must, I am convinced, be some error Unitarianism is of great value to the in it, as indeed very few newspaper rich, as it gives that true balance to reports of decisions can be relied on: the mind, for want of which we see but in the absence of evidence to the them continually falling into scepti- contrary, we must conclude that the cism, or a grotesque, preposterous Minister had no guarantee in writing mixture of fanaticisin and dissipation. for the payınent of his income: for But whose heart does not bleed to see there can be no doubt whatever, that the common people, to whom the pure persons, whether Trustees or not, gospel was first preached, and who giving such guarantee, would be coinheard it gladly, given up as a prey to pellable by law to its due performance: such sects as the Ranters in England, and indeed the common honesty of

and the New-light men in America ? I every one must be shocked were it Police have little doubt that a society might otherwise.

be gathered, and a chapel in time built Trustees, as such, have certainly a at Scarborough, if such methods as right to pay every other outgoing the diffusion of tracts, the preaching before the Minister, who must be of missionaries, meetings for religious satisfied with what remains, as they conversation, and the teaching a Sun are not accountable for any more day-school, were adopted in the first money than comes to their hands; but instance. The subscriptions are not, if they overstep their official character ! apprehend, yet paid, because there of Trustees, and become guarantees, is no near prospect of raising the they will be bound to the due performwhole sum. As a small contributor, ance of their engagement.

beg to suggest that the money be Hoping, however, that an appeal to paid and applied to some such pur- the law will never become necessary in poses as those above specified. And the generally harmonious and amicaif

your correspondent J. W. be a fre- ble arrangements of Unitarian socie-
quenter of Scarborough, he cannot be ties,
more advantageously employed in be-
half of the cause, thản by directing his

G. P. H.
attention to the subject. The names
Were received by Arthur Shore, Esq.,

Sir, of Scarborough. May I be allowed to AVING just seen your review of add, without egotism, that it is an Truth needs no Apology,” additional subject of concern to me in (p. 363,) I cannot help thanking you the resignation of my office at Hull, in for your high compliment in designaConsequence of a weak state of health, ting me a stiff Nonconformist.” that I cannot take any part in so useful However intended, I really feel such

an appellation the greatest honour GEORGE KENRICK. you could have conferred, in this sup

ple age; nor do I wonder that my Bristol, * tone" should appear of the boldest

July 9, 1821. kind : it is not the character of Truth IN reply to your correspondent “ A timidly to whisper forth its dictates.

I am,

a measure


constant readers) that you should as- pensities are to be gratified. The sert “the power of the Head of the ancient Greeks worshiped a hundred Church to be strangely overrated by gods; the modern Greeks have faith in the Layman." I can only attribute relics and miracles, in amulets and disuch an assertion to your attention vinations. The ancient Greeks brought not being sufficiently attracted to a rich offerings and gifts to the shrines 1.1 deeper investigation of the subject : or of their deities for the purpose of it may be the carelessness or (if you obtaining success in war and pre-einiprefer it) the “ eagerness" which has nence in peace; the modern Greeks betrayed me into committing two pal- hang up dirty rags round the sanctuary fan pable, though comparatively insigniti- of their saints to shake off an ague or cant blunders, may have disposed you to propitiate a mistress. The former to conclude I was equally inaccurate were staunch patriots at home, and in discussing weightier matters. Every sulotle courtiers in Persia; the latter assertion relating to the King's supre- defy the Turks in Mayno, and fawn macy contained in the pamphlet in upon them at the Fanar. Besides, question, you may find fully substan- was not every commonwealth of aftiated in Burnet and Tindal; by a cient Greece as much a prey to cabals reference to whom, as well as to and factions as every community of Fuller's Church History, but more modern Greece ?

Does not every especially to the different ccclesiastical modern Greek preserve the same depowers exercised by Elizabeth, Charles sire for supremacy, the same readiness I. and Anne, the “ mistakes" in your to undermine by every means, fair or Review may be attributed to the right foul, his competitors, which was disperson, and not “ disserve” the cause played by his ancestors ? Do not the of Truth. I am sure your cardour Turks of the present day resemble the will not refuse the above an early place Romans of past ages in their respect in your valuable Repository.

for the ingenuity, and, at the same THE LAYMAN. time, in their contempt for the cha

racter of their Greek subjects ? And

does the Greek of the Fanar shew the GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND

least inferiority to the Greek of the Piræus in quickness of perception, in fluency of tongue, and in fondness for

quibbles, for disputations and for soNo. CCCLXXX.

phistry ?-Beliere me, the very differ.

ence between the Greeks of time past Modern compared with ancient

and of the present day, arises only Greeks.

from their thorough resemblance, from “ What I say,” continued my inas- that equal pliability of temper and of ter, “ is perfectly true. The com- faculties in both, which has ever made plexion of the modern Greek may them receive with equal readiness the receive a different cast from different impression of every mould, and the surrounding objects: the core still is impulse of every agent. When patrithe same as in the days of Pericles. otism, public spirit and pre-eminence Credulity, versatility, and thirst of dis- in arts, science, literature and warfare tinctions from the earliest periods were the road to distinction, the Greeks formed, still form, and ever will con were the first of patriots, of heroes, of tinue to form, the basis of the Greek painters, of poets and of philosophers

. character; and the dissimilarity in the Now that craft and subtlety, adulation external appearance of the nation and intrigue, are the only paths to arises, not from any radical change in greatness, these same Greeks area its teinper and disposition, but only what you see them.” from the incidental variation in the micans through which the same pro



Pseudepigraphus Vet. Test., I. p. 160, was permitted to behold the wonders

REVIEW. “ Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame."-Pope. ART. I.— The Book of Enoch the Abyssinian canon was doubted of, till

Prophet, now first Translated from Bruce brought three copies of it with an Ethiopic MS. in the Bodleian him from that country. One of these Library. By Richard Laurence, he presented to the Royal Library of LL.D., Regius Professor of Hebrew, Paris, another to the Bodleian Library, &c. 1821. 8vo. pp. xlviii and 214. and the third, which formed a part of Oxford, printed-sold by Rivingtons. an Abyssinian Bible, he retained himN the Epistle which bears the name

self. The learned orientalist, Silvestre

de Sacy, published in the Magasin Enpassage occurs, ver. 14, in which a cyclopédique, a translation into Latin prophecy of Enoch, the seventh from of soine parts of it, but to Dr. LauAdam, is alluded to: “ Behold the rence belongs the honour of being the Lord cometh with ten thousand of his first to exhibit a complete version of saints to execute judgment upon all

, it, from the MS. in the Bodleian. The and to convince all that are ungodly cultivators of the Ethiopic are so few, among them of all their ungodly deeds that, whatever we may think of the which they have comunitted, and of all value of the book, or of his arguments their hard speeches which ungodly sin- respecting it, we cannot withhold our ners have spoken against him." Se acknowledgments from him for enaveral of the fathers, among whom are

bling us to form a judgment for ourIrenæus, Origen, Tertullian and Je- selves upon a work which has excited romne, speak of a book, by some

so much curiosity and discussion. received as canonical, by others classed

That the work which Dr. L. has with apocryphal writings, in which translated is really the same which was visions and prophecies of Enoch were

known at the time when the Epistle of and it appears to have Jude was written, and afterwards as been extant in Greek as late as the the Prophecy of Enoch, can scarcely 8th century of the Christian era, when be doubted. "The passage quoted above a long extract was made from it by exists in it nearly word for word : George Syncellus. This quotation was

“Behold he comes with ten thousands published by Scaliger, in his Notes on

of his saints, to execute judgment upon the Canon Chronicus of Eusebius, but them, to destroy the wicked, and to to this day the Greek work itself has reprove all the carnal for every thing never been found; and as the passage done and committed against him.”

which the sinful and ungodly have preserved by Syncellus did not happen Considering that the English ishi thor of the Epistle of Jude, it reinained translation of a translation, the slight uncertain whether it was the same

variety observable here will not be hook which both these writers used urged against the identity of the two It has been preserved from destruction passages. The same argument applies by the singular circumstance that the to the allusions of Irenæus, Origen and Abyssinian Church has received it into Tertuilian, and the extract of Syncelits canon, where it stands immediately lus, all of which correspond to passages before the book of Job. Ludolf had in the work now translated. Interpoheard of its existence, but was disap, but it appears certain that it is in the

may very probably exist in it, i genuine copy of it in the Royal L main the work which was known in brary at Paris; and the very fact that the early ages as the Book or Prophecy such a work formed a part of the

of Enoch.

The leading fiction of the work, on

which its visions and prophecies are * Sce Suiceri Thesaurus, Eyw%; Lard- strung, is, that Enoch being taken up ber, Works, VI. 618; Fabricius, Codes from the sight of the children of men,

of licaven and hell, of the universe and


et seq.

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