Virtual Voyages: Cinema and Travel

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Duke University Press, Jan 24, 2006 - History - 298 pages
Virtual Voyages illuminates the pivotal role of travelogues within the history of cinema. The travelogue dominated the early cinema period from 1895 to 1905, was central to the consolidation of documentary in the 1910s and 1920s, proliferated in the postwar era of 16mm distribution, and today continues to flourish in IMAX theaters and a host of non-theatrical venues. It is not only the first chapter in the history of documentary but also a key element of ethnographic film, home movies, and fiction films. In this collection, leading film scholars trace the intersection of technology and ideology in representations of travel across a wide variety of cinematic forms. In so doing, they demonstrate how attention to the role of travel imagery in film blurs distinctions between genres and heightens awareness of cinema as a technology for moving through space and time, of cinema itself as a mode of travel.

Some contributors take a broad view of travelogues by examining the colonial and imperial perspectives embodied in early travel films, the sensation of movement that those films evoked, and the role of live presentations such as lectures in our understanding of travelogues. Other essays are focused on specific films, figures, and technologies, including early travelogues encouraging Americans to move to the West; the making and reception of the documentary Grass (1925), shot on location in Turkey, Syria, Iraq, and Iran; the role of travel imagery in 1930s Hollywood cinema; the late-twentieth-century 16mm illustrated-lecture industry; and the panoramic possibilities presented by IMAX technologies. Together the essays provide a nuanced appreciation of how, through their representations of travel, filmmakers actively produce the worlds they depict.

Contributors. Rick Altman, Paula Amad, Dana Benelli, Peter J. Bloom, Alison Griffiths, Tom Gunning, Hamid Naficy, Jennifer Lynn Peterson, Lauren Rabinovitz, Jeffrey Ruoff, Alexandra Schneider, Amy J. Staples


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The Filmic Fourth Dimension Cinema as Audiovisual Vehicle
The Whole World Within Reach Travel Images Without Borders
Virtual Voyages Travel Ride Films and the Delirium of the HyperReal
The Early History of Travel Films
Travel Films and the American West 18951920
Text and the Book of the World Touring the Ambivalent Contexts of Travel Films
Ethnographic and Expedition Films about Nomadic Tribes The Case of Grass 1925
Citroen Renault PeugeotSponsored Documentary Interwar Crossing Films
Autosonntag A Film Safari in the Swiss Alps
Hollywood and the Attractions of the Travelogue
The Last of the Great FootSlogging Explorers Lewis Cotlow and the Ethnographic Imaginary
Tales from the Giant Screen
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About the author (2006)

Jeffrey Ruoff is Assistant Professor of Film and Television Studies at Dartmouth College. He is the author of An American Family: A Televised Life and a coauthor of The Emperor's Naked Army Marches On. His films and videos, including The Last Vaudevillian and Hacklebarney Tunes: The Music of Greg Brown have been shown at festivals and on television in the United States and abroad.

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