Linguistic Culture and Language Policy
Language policies are crucial in determining how language will be taught in schools and used as an official national tongue. How and why do such policies evolve? By looking closely at the multilingual democracies of India, France and the USA, Harold F. Schiffman examines how language policy is primarily a social construct based on belief systems, attitudes and myths. It is these conceptual elements that the author presents as the linguistic culture of a society. Rather than viewing language policy as the explicit embodiment of rules, this book examines how these policies are formed within a broader framework and influenced by the covert, implicit grass-roots of each linguistic culture. Moreover, Schiffman focuses on one linguistic minority region of each of the nations studied to show how minorities have dealt with challenges to the official language.
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Academie francaise Alsace Alsatian American Arabic areas attempts attitudes bilingual education Brahmans Breton Brunot California Catholic claim code-switching colonial Committee of Public Constitution Court covert policy decree dialect diglossia diglossic domains Dravidian Dravidian languages English example explicit fact federal foreign France French language French language policy French Revolution German German-American Church grammar Gregoire groups guage Hindi Hochdeutsch idiomes immigration India Indian linguistic culture issue Japanese Japanese language kind Kloss L-variety language policy language rights language shift langue Latin linguistic culture linguistic minorities literary Maraimalai Adigal monolingual multilingualism myth Native Native-American Native-American languages non-English official overt particular patois perhaps pluviose political population purism reform region registers religion religious repertoires Sanskrit schools seems seen society sociolinguistic Soviet Spanish speak speakers speech spelling spoken status Strasbourg Switzerland Tamilnadu territory texts tion tolerance tradition translation treaty Urdu variety various vernacular words