Wealth, Health, and Democracy in East Asia and Latin America
Why do some societies fare well, and others poorly, at reducing the risk of early death? Wealth, Health, and Democracy in East Asia and Latin America finds that the public provision of basic health care and other inexpensive social services has reduced mortality rapidly even in tough economic circumstances, and that political democracy has contributed to the provision and utilization of such social services, in a wider range of ways than is sometimes recognized. These conclusions are based on case studies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand, as well as on cross-national comparisons involving these cases and others.
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2 Democracy Spending Services and Survival
A Healthy Democracy
The Pinochet Paradox
Big Welfare State Slow Infant Mortality Decline
From Laggard to Leader in Basic Health Service Provision
From Poor but Healthy to Wealthy and Healthy
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Argentina associated attendance at birth basic health services basic social services Brazil Brazilian capita growth Chile contributed Costa Rica country’s decline of infant democracy developing countries doctors EBAIS economic growth eight societies expansion expectancy family planning fertility Fund GDP per capita Gini index health care programs health care spending health centers health insurance health ministry income inequality income poverty Indonesia infant mortality decline infant mortality fell infant mortality level infant mortality rate initiative issue networks Kuomintang Kwon Latin American level of infant long-term democratic experience McGuire Model Neuquén nutrition obras sociales percent decline personnel political poor population primary health primary health care provision of basic public health public provision reduce infant mortality regime rise rose rural areas rural health Salud sanitation share of GDP Social Security South Korea Suharto Table A1 Taiwan Thailand tion urban variables wealthier is healthier workers World Bank World Bank 2008a