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(10) in the mount forty days and forty nights. And Yahweh

delivered unto me the two tables of stone written with the (15–17) finger of God. So I turned and came down from the

mount, and the two tables of the covenant were in my two hands. And I looked, and, behold, ye had sinned against Yahweh, ye had made you a molten calf. And I took hold

of the two tables and cast them out of my two hands and (21) brake them before your eyes. And I took your sin, the

bull that ye had made and burned it with fire, and stamped

it, grinding it very small, and I cast the dust thereof into (10—10f.) the brook that descended out of the mount. And I

went up and fell down before Yahweh forty days, as at the first, and Yahweh hearkened unto me and would not destroy you.

And he made a new covenant with us and sent an angel before you to bring you in unto the land which he (1-6-8) promised you. And he said unto me, Ye have dwelt

long enough in this mountain; turn you, and take your jour

ney and go to the hill country of the Amorites. Behold I (9—18) have set the land before you, go in and possess it.

And I spake unto you at that time saying, I am not able to bear you alone. Take you men according to your tribes, and I will make them heads over you. So I took the heads of your tribes, wise men and known, and made them heads over you, captains of thousands and captains of hundreds, and captains of fifties, and captains of tens, and officers. And I charged your judges, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him. Ye shall not respect persons in judgment. Ye shall hear the small and the great alike ; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man ; for the judgment is God's : and the cause that is too

hard for you ye shall bring unto me and I will hear it. (19—46) So we journeyed from Horeb by the way to the hill

country of the Amorites and we came to Kadesh. And ye came near unto me and said, Let us send men before us that they may search the land for ús, and bring us word again. So I took twelve men of you, one man for every tribe, and they turned and went up into the mountain country, and came unto the valley of Eshcol and searched it out. And they took of the fruit of the land and brought it unto us and brought us word again, saying, It is a good land which Yahweh giveth unto us. But ye would not go up, but rebelled against Yahweh, and said, Yahweh hath brought us up to deliver us into the hand of the Amorite to destroy us.

And Yahweh was angry and said unto me, Surely not one of these that have rebelled against me shall see the land; turn you and take your journey into the wilderness by the way to the Red Sea. Then ye answered and said unto me, We have sinned against Yahweh, we will go up and fight as he commanded us. And ye girded on every man his weapons and deemed it a light thing to go up into the mountain country. And Yahweh said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up, nor fight; for I am not among you ; lest ye be smitten before your enemies. But ye rebelled against the word of Yahweh and went up into the mountain. And the Amorite which dwelt in that mountain came out against you, and chased you as bees do, and beat you down in Seir even unto Hormah. . And ye returned and wept before Yahweh, but he hearkened not. So ye abode in Kadesh many days.

Then we turned and took our journey into the wilder- (2-1) ness by the way to the Red Sea, as Yahweh had spoken unto me : and we compassed mount Seir many days and went up through the wilderness of Kedemoth. And I sent (26-37) messengers out of the wilderness of Kedemoth unto Sihon king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying, Let me pass through thy land. But Sihon king of Heshbon would not suffer us to pass by him, but came out against us, he and all his people unto battle at Jahaz. And Yahweh delivered up the Amorites before us and we possessed their land. And I gave the land for an inheritance unto the chil- (3—12ff.) dren of Gad and Reuben, and commanded them saying, Ye shall surely pass over with your brethren until Yahweh have driven out the Amorite from before you. Afterward shall ye return hither unto your possession.]

27-17 Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, 18 when ye came out of Egypt, how he met thee by the way

and smote all that were feeble of thee, and ‘feared not God’; 19 therefore it shall be, when Yahweh hath given thee rest from

all thine enemies round about, that ye shall blot out the

remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. (23ff.) [And Moses said unto all the people, Behold, we stand 18 here before Jordan, and Yahweh hath said unto me, Thou

shalt not go over this Jordan ; now therefore hearken, and

I will speak unto you the statutes and the judgments which 19 Yahweh gave unto me in mount Horeb to teach you, that ye

might do them in the land whither we go over to possess it.]

THE BOOK OF JUDGMENTS.

2

(Ex. 21-1) And [Yahweh said unto me] These are the judgments which thou shalt set before them. If thou buy an Hebrew slave, six years

he shall serve : and 3 in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. If he come

in by himself, he shall go free by himself : if he be “ mar4 ried,' then his wife shall go free with him. If his master

give him a wife, and she bear him sons or daughters; the

wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go 5 free by himself. But if the servant shall plainly say, I love

my master, my wife, and my children ; I will not go out free; 6 then his master shall • bring him unto God,' and shall bring

him to the door, or unto the door post [of the sanctuary] ; and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl ; and

he shall be his slave forever. 7 And if a man sell his daughter to be a 'maidservant,' she 8 shall not go free as the menservants do. If she please not

her master, and he hatlı not cohabited with her, then shall he let her be redeemed : to sell her unto a strange people

he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully 9 with her. And if he espouse her unto his son, he shall deal 10 with her after the manner of daughters. If he take him

another (wife), her food, her raiment, and her duty of maru riage, shall he not diminish. And if he do not these three

But if 23

unto her, then shall she go free for nothing, without money.

He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall surely 12 be put to death. And if a man lie not in wait, but ‘God'13 deliver [his enemy) into his hand; then he shall flee to mine altar. But if a man come presumptuously upon his neigh- 14 bor, to slay him with guile ; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die. And he that smiteth his father, or 15 his mother, shall be surely put to death. And he that steal- 16 eth a man of the children of Israel,* whether he have sold him or he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

And if men contend, and one smiteth the other with a 18 stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed : if 19 he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit : only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed. any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life, eye for 24 eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burning 25 for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe. And if 22 men strive together, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart, and yet no mischief follow : he shall be surely fined, according as the woman's husband shall lay upon him ; and he shall pay for the miscarriage.

And if a man smite his bondman, or his 'bondwoman'20 with a rod, and he die under his hand ; he shall surely be punished. Notwithstanding, if [the slave] linger a day or 21 two, he [the master] shall not be punished : for he [the lost slave] is his money. And if a man smite the eye of his 26 bondman, or the eye of his 'bondwoman,' and destroy it ; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake. And if he smite out 27 his bondsman's tooth, or his 'bondwoman's 'tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

And if an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die, the 28 ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten ; but the ‘owner' of the ox shall be quit. But if the ox were 29

* So LXX.

33

OX

wont to gore in time past, and it hath been testified to his

owner,' and he hath not kept him in, but he hath killed a

man or a woman ; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner' 30 also shall be put to death. If there be laid on him a ran

som, then he shall give for the redemption of his life what31 soever is laid upon him. Whether he have gored a son, or

have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it 32 be done unto him. If the ox gore a bondman or a 'bond

woman’; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit 34 and not cover it, and an or an ass fall therein, the

* owner of the pit shall make it good ; he shall give money unto the owner of them, and the dead [beast] shall be

his. 35 And if one man's ox hurt another's, that he die ; then

they shall sell the live ox, and divide the price of it; and 36 the dead also they shall divide. Or if it be known that the

ox was wont to gore in time past, and his owner' hath not kept him in ; he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead

[beast] shall be his own, 22 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell

it ; he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a

sheep. If he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his 4 theft.

If the theft be found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall pay double. If the thief 2 be found breaking in, and be smitten that he die, there 3 shall be no bloodguiltiness for him. If the sun be risen

upon him, there shall be bloodguiltiness for him : he

should make restitution. 5 If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and

shall let his beast loose, and it feed in another man's field, he shall make restitution according to the yield thereof from his own field ; but if it eat the whole crop,* he shall make restitution of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard.

* So LXX.

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