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*f already, many years ago, many excellent people in the "country beyond the great ocean, had thought of them "with much love, and felt desirous that the inhabitants of f< the Ungava country also might hear the comfortable f ( word of God, and be instructed in it: for they had heard that the Esquimaux here were heathen, who, through "ignorance, served the Torngak, or evil spirit, and were *( led by him into the commission of all manner of sin, that f( they might hereafter be lost, and go to the place of eternal "darkness and misery. Out of love, therefore," continued the missionary, "they have sent us to you, and out of love "we have come to you, to tell you how you may be saved, <*. and become happy, peaceful children of God, being deli*' vered from the fear of death, which is now upon you all, "and have the prospect of everlasting joy and peace heref( after, even by receiving the gospel, and turning to Jesus, "who is the only Creator and Saviour of all men. He "died for your sins, for our sins, and for the sins of all <* mankind, as our surety, suffering the punishment we "deserved, that you, by receiving Him, and believing on t( Him, might be saved, and not go to the place of eternal "darkness and pain, but to the place of bliss and eternal <c rest. You cannot yet understand these comfortable f( words of the gospel, but if it is your sincere wish to know (( the truth of them, Jesus will open your ears and hearts, *' to hear and understand them. These my companions f( were as ignorant as you, but they now thank God, that "they know Jesus as their Saviour, and are assured "that through His death they shall inherit everlasting « life."
During this address all were silent and very attentive. Some exclaimed: "O we desire to hear more about it!" Old Netsiak, from Eivektok, said: "lam indeed old, but if M you come to live here, I will certainly remove hither also, "and live with you and be converted."
When we put the question to them, whether they were willing, that we should come and dwell with them, and instruct them, they all answered with a loud and cheerful voice. "Kaititse tok, Kaititse tok!" O do come soon, and "live with us, we will all gladly be converted, and live "with you." Jonathan and Jonas also bore ample testimony to the truth of what we had spoken, and their words seemed to make a deep impression on all their countrymen. Uttakiyok was above others eager to express his wish that we might soon make a settlement in the Ungava country. Five of the fourteen families who mean to reside here next winter, are from Eivektok.
Farther inland, the river Koksoak widens considerably, but consequently grows more shallow. The country is pleasant, with wood, grassy plains, and gentle hills.
31st. Having finished all our observations here, we dropped down the stream to the place, where we had discovered the first tents. . . . .
In descending, as well as ascending the river, we saw a great number of whitefish, and many seals. Reindeer are numerous on both shores, both in summer and winter. All the Esquimaux declared, that this was the best provisionplace in the whole country, and they consequently flock to it from all parts every summer, frequently protracting their stay during the winter. The greater number of those we found here, purposed spending next winter in this neighbourhood. The Esquimaux are prevented from making this place their constant residence by their fear of the landIndians, which cause them to quit it sooner than they otherwise would wish to do.
We spared no pains to collect all the information wd possibly could obtain, on every subject relating to this situation, both as to itself, and in reference to the possibility of approaching it with a ship, as likewise respecting the inhabitants of the Ungava country in general. It appeared evident, that the place above described is the most eligible fer forming a missionary-settlement.
We found it unnecessary to proceed to the Westward, by the account given us by our worthy conductor Uttakiyok, whose information hitherto we had always found correct, and confidently to be relied on.
He reported: 1. That farther West no wood is to be found on the coast.
2. That besides the two rivers Kangertlualuksoak and Koksoak, they knew of no place where a ship might with safety approach the land.
3. That at this time we should probably find no inhabitants, as they had all gone into the interior to hunt reindeer.
We therefore now considered the business committed to us to be accomplished, and determined to return to Okkak, thankful to God our Saviour for the many proofs of His favour and protection, experienced in the execution of our commission.
Return to Okkak.
SEPTEMBER 1st At ten A. M. we fell down the river
with the ebb-tide, and about noon anchored near its mouth. The Esquimaux showed great attachment to us, and could hardly resolve to take a final leave. They called after us, "Come soon again, we shall always be wishing for you." Several of them, and among them our friend Uttakiyok, followed us in their kayaks to the mouth of the river.
We erected here, on the promontory Kernerauyak, a board with an inscription similar to that put up at George river, but with the day of our departure inserted, viz. Sept. 1st, instead of the day of our arrival, Aug. 7 th. The same solemnities took place as on the former occasion. Our faithful pilot Uttakiyok, who had rendered us such important and essential services, now took leave of us, as he intends to spend the winter in this neighbourhood. He repeated his assurance, that if we settled here, he would be the first to join us, and to turn with his whole heart to God. Not willing to be any longer incumbered with the skin-boat, we added it to other useful articles given to Uttakiyok, as a reward for his faithful attention to us. He was very highly gratified, and thankful for this species of remuneration.
2d. Left the Koksoak, called by us, South river, and steered to the N. of Kernerauyak and Kikkertorsoak. In the evening we cast anchor in an open road, among the Nachorutsit islands, with fine weather.
3d. Set sail at sun-rise, wind and tide in our favour, and proceeded rapidly. About noon, however, a fog came on, which obliged us to come to an anchor at Pitsiolak. When it cleared up, we proceeded, steering between Allukpalak and Nipkotok, and cast anchor in the open sea, near Ker~ nertut, where, on our first arrival, we encountered such a tremendous storm. The night proved quite calm and fair.
4th. A gentle breeze brought us pleasantly as far as the island Nauyet, at the mouth of the Kangertluuluksoak, where we cast anchor, having performed the same voyage in three days, which took us twelve on our former passage. The distance may be about 100 English miles.
5th. Landed, and erected a species of landmark, on the highest point of Nauyet, as a ship entering the river must keep near this island, the shore on the other side being very foul. Contrary winds now obliged us to enter the bay, and cast anchor in the same place where we had lain on the 9th pf August.
6th. Storm and rain prevented our proceeding. The Esquimaux went on shore, and pitched their tent. Of late they generally spent the night on board the boat. . >
7 th. Wind at W. but a heavy swell from the sea prevented our sailing. Our men went out to hunt, and Paul returned in the evening with a deer.
8th. Snow had fallen during the night, and the whole country had the appearance of the middle of winter. We dropped clown with the ebb-tide, but were obliged to anchor again near the entrance of the bay. When the tide turned we proceeded, and, leaving Kikkertorsoak to the right, made for cape Kattaktok, where we spent the night at anchor among some low islands. The night was clear, and a comet appeared N. by W.
9th. Wind favourable and strong. We set sail at sunrise, and steered for Uibvaksoak, and so rapidly did our boat make way through the waves, that we arrived there already at four in the afternoon, passing swiftly by the Dragon's dwelling, (Torngets). A thunder-storm was approaching. The wind, which felt quite warm, was in our rear, and violent gusts assailed us now and then, which made us shorten sail; yet the boat seemed to fly from island to island. We were unable to find a safe anchorage till 8 P. M. when it was already dark. We had sailed, in fourteen hours, about 100 English miles, and were all completely wet with the spray of the sea and frequent showers. Our Esquimaux were obliged, in this condition, to lie down either on deck or on shore.
10th. Reached Omatiek, about 40 or 50 miles sail.
11th. Wind contrary, with much rain. We were confined to our narrow cabin, and shut in all day, with a lamp burning. .
12th. Clear weather: set sail at noon. In the afternoon we were saluted by some shots from Killinek Esquimaux, who were halting not far from the Ikkerasak, or straits, at the entrance of which we cast anchor about 7 P. M.