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CHARITY.

" Quâ nihil majus meliusve terris
Fata donavere bonique divi,
Nec dabunt, quamvis redeant in aurum

Tempora priscum.”-Hur. Lib. iv. Ode ii.

FAIREST and foremost of the train that wait
On man's most dignified and happiest state,
Whether we name thee Charity or Love,
Chief grace below, and all in all above,
Prosper (I press thee with a powerful plea)
A task I venture on, impell’d by thee:
Oh never seen but in thy bless'd effects,
Nor felt but in the soul that Heaven selects,
Who seeks to praise thee, and to make thee known
To other hearts, must have thee in his own.
Come, prompt me with benevolent desires,
Teach me to kindle at thy gentle fires,
And though disgraced and slighted, to redeem
A poet's name, by making thee the theme.

God working ever on a social plan,
By various ties attaches man to man:
He made at first, though free and unconfined,
One man the common father of the kind,
That every tribe, though placed as he sees best,
Where seas or deserts part them from the rest,
Differing in language, manners, or in face,
Might feel themselves allied to all the race.
When Cook-lamented, and with tears as just
As ever mingled with heroic dust,
Steer'd Britain's oak into a world unknown,
And in his country's glory sought his own,
Wherever he found man, to nature true,
The rights of man were sacred in his view;

He soothed with gifts and greeted with a smile
The simple native of the new-found isle;
He spurn’d the wretch that slighted or withstood
The tender argument of kindred blood,
Nor would endure that any should control
His freeborn brethren of the southern pole.

But though some nobler minds a law respect,
That none shall with impunity neglect,
In baser souls unnumber'd evils meet,
To thwart its influence and its end defeat.
While Cook is loved for savage lives he saved,
See Cortes odious for a world enslaved !
Where wast thou then, sweet Charity, where then,
Thou tutelary friend of helpless men ?
Wast thou in monkish ceils and nunneries found,
Or building hospitals on English ground ?
No!-Mammon makes the world his legatee
Through fear, not love; and Heaven abhors the fee.
Wherever found, (and all men need thy care,)
Nor age nor infancy could find thee there.
The hand that slew till it could slay no more,
Was glued to the sword-hilt with Indian gore.
Their prince, as justly seated on his throne
As vain imperial Philip* on his own,
Trick'd out of all his royalty by art,
That stripp'd him bare, and broke his honest heart,

* “ There is either an obscurity in this passage which it would be well to clear, or a mistake which it would be well to rectify.

“ Cortes only being mentioned, the reader thinks of the fate of the Mexican emperor Montezuma. Yet he did not die by sentence, but of an accidental wound, rejecting all efforts to convert him.

“Does Cowper then allude to the atrocities of Pizarro ? confounded the misdoings of both?

“ Pizarro, after a sort of mock trial, put to death the Inca Atahualpa. But Philip II. was not then on the throne of Spain, though he might be acting as regent in the absence of his father Charles V.

“ Besides, if by 'imperial Philip,' Cowper meant to designate him as Emperor, he has committed an error; for it was not Philip, but Ferdinand I., who received the imperial crown after the abdication of Charles."

I am obliged to Mr. Tate, Canon Residentiary of St. Paul's, for transmitting to me these remarks by the learned Editor of the last edition of Mitford's History of Greece.

Or has he

Died by the sentence of a shaven priest,
For scorning what they taught him to detest.
How dark the veil that intercepts the blaze
Of Heaven's mysterious purposes and ways;
God stood not, though he seem'd to stand, aloof,
And at this hour the conqueror feels the proof:
The wreath he won drew down an instant curse,
The fretting plague is in the public purse,
The canker'd spoil corrodes the pining state,
Starved by that indolence their mines create.

Oh, could their ancient Incas rise again,
How would they take up Israel's taunting strain !
Art thou too fallen, Iberia! Do we see
The robber and the murderer weak as we?
Thou, that hast wasted earth, and dared despise
Alike the wrath and mercy of the skies,
Thy pomp is in the grave, thy glory laid
Low in the pits thine avarice has made.
We come with joy from our eternal rest,
To see the oppressor in his turn oppress’d.
Art thou the god the thunder of whose hand
Roll'd over all our desolated land,
Shook principalities and kingdoms down,
And made the mountains tremble at his frown ?
The sword shall light upon thy boasted powers,
And waste them, as thy sword has wasted ours.
'T is thus Omnipotence his law fulfils,
And vengeance executes what justice wills.

Again—the band of commerce was design'd To associate all the branches of mankind, And if a boundless plenty be the robe, Trade is the golden girdle of the globe. Wise to promote whatever end he means, God opens fruitful Nature's various scenes, Each climate needs what other climes produce, And offers something to the general use ; No land but listens to the common call, And in return receives supply from all. This genial intercourse and mutual aid Cheers what were else an universal shade,

F

Calls Nature from her ivy-mantled den,
And softens human rockwork into men.
Ingenious Art, with her expressive face,
Steps forth to fashion and refine the race,
Not only fills Necessity's demand,
But overcharges her capacious hand :
Capricious taste itself can crave no more
Than she supplies from her abounding store :
She strikes out all that luxury can ask,
And gains new vigour at her endless task.
Hers is the spacious arch, the shapely spire,
The painter's pencil, and the poet's lyre;
From her the canvass borrows light and shade,
And verse, more lasting, hues that never fade.
She guides the finger o'er the dancing keys,
Gives difficulty all the grace of ease,
And pours a torrent of sweet notes around,
Fast as the thirsting ear can drink the sound.

These are the gifts of Art, and Art thrives most
Where commerce has enrich'd the busy coast;
He catches all improvements in his flight,
Spreads foreign wonders in his country's sight,
Imports what others have invented well,
And stirs his own to match them or excel.
T is thus reciprocating each with each,
Alternately the nations learn and teach ;
While Providence enjoins to every soul
An union with the vast terraqueous whole.

Heaven speed the canvass gallantly unfurl’d To furnish and accommodate a world, To give the pole the produce of the sun, And knit the unsocial climates into one ! Soft airs and gentle heavings of the wave Impel the fleet whose errand is to save, To succour wasted regions, and replace The smile of opulence in sorrow's face !Let nothing adverse, nothing unforeseen, Impede the bark that ploughs the deep serene, Charged with a freight transcending in its worth The gems of India, nature's rarest birth,

That flies, like Gabriel on his Lord's commands,
A herald of God's love to pagan lands !
But, ah! what wish can prosper, or what prayer,
For merchants rich in cargoes of despair,
Who drive a loathsome traffic, gauge and span
And buy the muscles and the bones of man?
The tender ties of father, husband, friend,
All bonds of nature in that moment end,
And each endures, while yet he draws his breath,
A stroke as fatal as the scythe of death.
The sable warrior, frantic with regret
Of her he loves and never can forget,
Loses in tears the far receding shore,
But not the thought that they must meet no more ;
Deprived of her and freedom at a blow,
What has he left that he can yet forego ?
Yes, to deep sadness sullenly resign’d,
He feels his body's bondage in his mind,
Puts off his generous nature, and, to suit
His manners with his fate, puts on the brute.

Oh most degrading of all ills that wait
On man, a mourner in his best estate !
All other sorrows virtue may endure,
And find submission more than half a cure;
Grief is itself a medicine, and bestow'd
To improve the fortitude that bears the load,
To teach the wanderer, as his woes increase,
The path of Wisdom, all whose paths are peace.
But slavery!— Virtue dreads it as her grave :
Patience itself is meanness in a slave :
Or if the will and sovereignty of God
Bid suffer it awhile, and kiss the rod,
Wait for the dawning of a brighter day,
And
snap

the chain the moment when you may. Nature imprints upon whate'er we see, That has a heart and life in it, Be free; The beasts are charter'd, -neither age nor force Can quell the love of freedom in a horse : He breaks the cord that held him at the rack, And, conscious of an unencumber'd back,

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