Cavern Researches: Or, Discoveries of Organic Remains, and of British and Roman Reliques, in the Caves of Kent's Hole, Anstis Cove, Chudleigh, Berry Head

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Simpkin, Marshall, 1859 - Caves - 78 pages

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Page 16 - Small irregular splinters, not referrible to any of the above divisions, and which seem to have been struck off in the operation of detaching the latter, not unlike the small chips in a sculptor's shop, were thickly scattered through the stuff, indicating that this spot was the workshop where the savage prepared his weapons of the chase, taking advantage of its cover and the light.
Page 33 - Cavern that we had yet examined .... but here, in this grotto, they swarmed in countless multitudes. Not only had their tiny remains penetrated into every cleft and crevice of the rock, but they insinuated themselves even into the chambers of the large bones. The...
Page 32 - In a tooth thus formed for cutting along its concave edge, each movement of the jaw combined the power of the knife and saw ; whilst the apex, in making the first incision, acted like the two-edged point of a sabre. The backward curvature of the full-grown teeth enabled them to retain, like barbs, the prey which they had penetrated. In these adaptations we see contrivances which human ingenuity has also adopted in the preparation of various instruments of art.
Page 18 - ... articles and pieces of slate, it was manifest that the floor had been dug up for the reception of the body, and that it was again covered over with the materials thrown up from the excavation. The earthy covering consisted of the red soil, containing fossil bones mixed up with recent mould, the mound of earth outside the mouth, at the right hand, was thrown up from the passage to render it more accessible. It was precisely that which covered the human skeleton, and contained the admixture of...
Page 16 - Having taken a general survey of the surface of the floor we returned to the point from which we set out, viz., the common passage, for the purpose of piercing into the materials below the mould. Here, in sinking a foot into the soil (for of stalagmite there remained only the broken edges adhering to the sides of the passage, and which appeared to be repeated at intervals), we came upon flints in all forms, confusedly disseminated through the earth, and intermixed with fossil and human bones, the...
Page 7 - The earth was of a reddish brown, unctuous to the touch and from the presence of a profusion of recent bones bore evident marks of frequent disturbance — On tumbling it over, the lustre of the enamel soon betrayed its contents. They were the first fossil teeth I had ever seen, and as I laid my hand on them, relics of extinct races and witnesses of an order of things which passed away with them, I shrank back involuntarily — Though not insensible to the excitement attending new discoveries, I...
Page v - Perhaps the richest cave-depositary of the fossil bones of Bears hitherto found in England is that called Kent's Hole, near Torquay. The natural history, with a special account of the organic riches of this cave, will be given in the second volume of the 'Reliquiae Diluvianae,
Page 14 - ... inches long, rounded, slender, and likewise pointed. Conjecture was long busy as to their destination ; they were thought by some to be bodkins ; by others, for confining the hair, like those ornaments used by the women in Italy ; lastly, they were supposed, with more probability, to be a species of pin for fastening the skin in front which served savages for garments. The shaggy wolfish skin he wore, Pinn'd by a polish'd bone before.
Page 18 - ... described, there adhered to the jaw portions of the soil on which it lay and of the stalagmite which partly covered it — The teeth were so worn down that the flat crowns of the incisors might be mistaken for molars — indicating the advanced age of the Individual. M. Cuvier, to whom I submitted the fragment in 1831 was struck with the form of the jaw. — He pronounced it to belong to the Caucasian race.
Page 29 - ... trampled upon by the feet of their own species that made this branch their haunt. In this respect this section of the cavern resembles the caves of Germany, in the predominance of the Bear, in the identity of the species, and in the unbroken condition of the remains. It is worthy of remark, that the remains of the Ursus cultridens do not appear here any more than among the Bears in the German caves, though they do, as we shall see, in the other chambers with bones of Elephants. To enhance the...

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