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the mean time for their temporal, welfare. Thus then have they been suffered to take into their power the whole stock of this “salt of the earth:"_to take it into their power—and to what purpose, but to poison it?
Oh but, (says his Lordship) despotism is indeed your word, but “influence”-nothing more than “ influence”is mine. If then so indeed it be, that, by any opponents of mine in the House, establishment of despotism was objected to my system, no such account of it have you from me.Influence-increase of the influence given to the Bishops over their Clergy—increase given to the influence of lawful and acknowledged superiors over their respective subordinates-In the case in question, any more than in any other, what in all this is there that ought to be regarded as an objection 2-—an objection, and that too a peremptory one?
O yes, my good Lord, influence is that, which this Act of yours has laboured to produce influence ?-yea, and as your Lordship acknowledges, “ increase of influence.” But, by being influence, is despotism the less despotism? One species of influence indeed there is which is not despotism: for it is not power :-this is the influence of understanding on understanding :-it is the sort of influence, which, at this moment, this pen is employing its endeavours-its honest howsoever weak endeavours to exercise. Moreover, other species of influence there are, which are not despotism, though they do come under the denomination of power: such is the influence exercised by a Judge, as such, when exercised under those checks, by which judicature is distinguished from despotism :-from the exercise of power altogether arbitrary.-The power, exercised under a body of laws, according to which, on payment of so much a head, if tried and convicted, (which he will never be,) a man is allowed, because he is white, to kill, because they are black, as many, slaves, of his own or any body else's, as he pleases--this too is influence :--but is
it the less despotism? With or without his name to it, suppose a man addressing to your Lordship a letter, saying- Before the Session is at an end, bring in a Bill, for blowing up Excellent Church, instead of patching it up and varnishing it, or I will deal with you as your departed friend was dealt with—by no such flagitious attempt to exercise influence over it, would your Lordship’s steady and intrepid mind be wrought upon :-true: but that which by the supposition would be attempted to be exercised, would it with the less strict propriety be susceptible of being designated by the name of influence?
The instrument, by which the will of that Assembly, the use of which, if it had any, would be the exercising a control over the servants of the Monarch,-is laid and kept constantly and legitimately prostrate at their feet,-is not influence the name by which it is called ? called as universally as arsenic is called arsenic ?-As easily as the name of influence has been given to parliamentary corruption, as easily might the name of sugar have been given to arsenic; as it has actually been to a poison extracted from lead :-but the drug itself, would it be the less poisonous ?
Call it influence-good, my Lord, and welcome: but, if its mode of operating be considered, continue as you began -speak out boldly and honestly-prefix to it the adjunct despotic-call it despotic influence :-if its effects on the character and conduct of both parties be considered, prefix to it the adjunct corruptide-call it corruptive influence. On these conditions and is there any thing unreasonable in them? On these conditions--but not otherwise--not any the smallest objection on this occasion, will there be, to the use of the word influence. But, with this aecompaniment-with an accompaniment thus explanatory--will your Lordship's avowed insensibility to the objection still remain i-remain not only uoshaken but avowed ?
$ 6.-VII. Announced, and remaining to be executed. From
Christians and others of all persuasions, money to be exacted, sufficient to render the number of Church-ofEngland Churches "commensurate to the whole population.”
Of the announcement here in question, the evidence may be seen in No. IV. of this Appendix, p. 266.
Great, and every day increasing, is the number of churches, provided by the piety and liberality of so many congregations of the sincere and zealous followers of Jesus. But, the contributions of which the fund is composed, being purely and exclusively voluntary, one capital one among Excellent Church's maxims, viz, maxim the 7th, (p. 237) is violated. In the collection of the money, no power is exercised. Moreover, the congregation,-being mostly schismatics,-are, as such, men of " guilt;" worshippers of God, and not of the English hierarchy. Hence the determination already announced-announced at this season of unprecedented distress—the determination to exact more money, for the erection of more of these costly edifices.
But, to every new Church there must be an Incumbenť at least, if not an Incumbent and a Curate. For every Incumbent there must be a Parsonage House, with OutHouses, Garden, Field more or less ample, and other appurtenances: por can the House be habitable without furniture.
For the number of the new Churches requisite, the Population Tables will of course be the standard of reference resorted to: for-whatsoever knowledge there may be to the contrary,—the presumption will of course be—so many inhabitants of a certain age and upwards, so many members of the Established Church, all eager to crowd into the new Churches.
Before building and after building, the Churches and the Parsonages will form a foundation for more wholesome and coercive laws :-laws for forcing the unwilling to pay Ministers for serving in them ;-laws for forcing the Ministers to give unnecessary pay to their Curates : laws for preventing Ministers, when they have received the pay, from going off with it to spend it elsewhere :—to spend it elsewhere without service,-without rendering that service, which, wherever rendered, is, if rendered, in the very nature of it so unprofitable.
A prophecy will here be hazarded. No such application will ever be made. How unable so ever to procure removal of established abuse, reason is sometimes sufficient for preventing, or at any rate for checking, increase.
Spontaneously on this subject the lips of the Noble Reformer will never open themselves : interrogated at any time, his answer will be this is not the time.
Unhappily, from no inspired pen does this prophecy come. Should it be disfulfilled, then will be the time, for all men, in whose eyes waste is indefensible,-hypocrisy, fraud, and extortion, odious,—to come forward and remonstrate! Presbyterians, Independents, Quakers, Baptists, Unitarians, Catholics, Jews—all worshippers of God according to conscience—all these, but above all, all honest Church of Englandists—then will be the time for them to make themselves seen and heard.
Prepare for that day, Earl of Harrowby! Prepare for that day, Lord Viscount Sidmouth! Prepare for that day, Commander of the faithful, Duke of York !
J. M'Creery, Printer, Black-Horse-Court, London.