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Ill will towards men,—towards all men, in whatsoever rank in life situated, with reference to him in whose breast the corrupt affection is evident-equal superior or inferior, -this, taking the whole together, may now be added to the list of those fruits, the seeds of which are so thickly sown by this machine. Ill will and, from ill will, oppression and persecution :-oppression the chronical disease, persecution, the acute : oppression, universal, habitual, and sluggish ; persecution particular and casual; according as opportunity happens to be favourable.

The genealogy is in this wise: From imaginary grace, imaginary mystery, imaginary sacrament, come imaginary blasphemy, imaginary sin ; from imaginary sin, comes real antipathy; and from men, in ruling and otherwise influential situations, real oppression and real persecution, on that one part; real suffering on the other :-for, by the imaginary sin, is produced, in the ruling breast, along with the antipathy, a pretence for gratifying it.

Good Men, Good SUBJECTS, and Good CHRISTIANS —such, and in these very words, are the goods, which,in giving the explanation of his truly admirable, and beyond doubt ultimately and highly useful, system of intellectual machinery,-over and over again,--and always, by, means of a set of instruments, of which this formulary is the earliest and beyond comparison the most extensively employed article, -over and over again :-and, as here, in placard letters--Dr. Bell undertakes for the manufacturing

Good men and Good Christians! and by means of a thorough impregnation with the matter of this formulary! -Yes: if, of Good men and Good Christians, the characteristic qualities are-hypocrisy, lying, imposture, forgery, sin and vice in every other shape.

Good subjects? Yes : if the goodness of the subjection

be in proportion to the abjectness of it: for, of abjectness in the subjection of the subject many to the dominion of the ruling few, can any more conclusive exemplification be exhibited, than that which is afforded, by the practice thus persevered in, of the swallowing of matter, thus poisonous to the whole moral texture of man's frame ? Good Subjects 2-Yes: if the Good Subject be a character purposely selected to form a contrast with that of the Good Citizen ; a description, by which-though now so studiously marked out for infamy as descriptive of an enlisted partizan of anarchy-no Frenchman, in the most despotic åra of the monarchy, ever scrupled to designate himself.

Good Men, Good Subjects, and Good CHRISTIANS! -Yes : let us not only wish, but hope, and even believe --that in and from the mind-turning mill, invented and worked by Dr. Bell, all these good articles will in conclusion be manufactured and issued out for use. Manufactured ?-but by what instrument?—By this formulary? -No:-but, if at all, in spite of it.

The greater the efficiency of this admirable instrument -the more capable in its own nature of being, in all its efficiency, applied to the best uses—the greater in the breast of a true lover of mankind will be the regret at seeing it, in the very first application made of it, employed in thus thickly sowing in the mind, at the earliest dawn of reason, the seeds of depravity in every shape.

For consolation one hope remains :—and this is—that, after having, with whatsoever success, been thus employed in the introduction of the disease, it may, in a maturer state of the faculties such is the nature of the instrument -be, still more effectually as well as more worthily, rendered conducive to the extirpation of it.

APPENDIX. No. I.

REMARKS

ON THE OBJECT OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND RE

LIGION, AS AVOWED BY THE BISHOP OF LONDON.

A PROSTRATION of intellectual strength-a confirmed mental debility—in the review just given of the Church of England Catechism,—such, in conclusion, was the result brought to view, as being, how mischievous soever, the least mischievous effect, which, naturally speaking, it can reasonably be expected to have, when it has any, upon the generality of the minds of the children, into whose mouths it is forced.

While the pen was tracing some such words as the above, far enough was the penman from any such expectation, as that of seeing his conception expressed, in a manner so much more pointed and particular, and at the same time so completely apposite, in a Discourse wbich, after having passed through a pair of Episcopal lips, has, under the name of " A Charge to the Clergy of London,(his diocese) been printed for and published under the Right Reverend author's official name.

Expressed !-but in what character ?-in the character of a disorder-an epidemic disease-of which the existence ought to be deplored, and, if possible, the continuance prevented ?-No :--but in the character of a consum. mation devoutly to be wished, and to the acceleration of which the utmost exertions of the official instructors of the people ought to be directed : directed by the instrumentality of this same Catechism, through the medium of the National Society Schools.

Prostration of the understanding and the will—these are the words—the very words--therein employed, as expressive of the state of mind, regarded by the Right Reverend author, as being “indispensable to proficiency in Christian “ instruction.” (p. 16.)

To present a picture of a set of men, Unitarians by name, of whom some are Deists, others Atheists, (p. 14), and the rest (including, as it should seem, all Christians, whose profession varies in any degree from that of the Church of England), persons“ on whom the charge of in“ fidelity attaches in a certain degree,” (p. 15)-has been the business of a few preceding pages. In the 17th he speaks of them as being. “ generally" men of some education, whose thoughts “have been little employed on “ the subject of religion; or who, loving rather to question than learn, have approached the oracles of divine truth without that humble docility, that prostration of the understanding and will, which are indispensable to “ proficiency in Christian instruction.”

Prostration of the understanding and will? Yes, says the reader perhaps--but before what? “ before those “ oracles of divine truth” just before-mentioned-viz. the Holy Scriptures. The limitation is a candid one—and but for what follows, might be not unreasonably taken for a just one: it is however by the reader, and not by the

writer, that it is applied. It is rather that sort of limitation, which, to save himself from the imputation of applying a Roman Catholic spirit to Protestant doctrines, it were to be wished he had made, rather than what he has actually made.

A mind, in which the understanding and the will are prostrate—no matter before whatis a mind in the lowest state of debility, which, without correspondent debility of body, can have place. Not more than the corporeal, can the mental part of man's frame be at once in a state of weakness, and in a state of strength. If to “ question” any thing that is set before it is regarded as a sin, if to “learn,without questioning, any thing that is set before it is regarded as a duty, -set before it, with the customary threats in the back ground, the Catholic Catechism, it is a Catholic mind;-set before it the Koran, it is a Mahometan mind.

Oh yes ? Let God, in his own person, appear,-and, whether in speech or writing, deliver his oracles," prostration, of the understanding and will,” would then indeed be as reasonable as it would be universal.

But to no man, in these our times, does God make any such appearance; nor, if on this point either Jesus* or Johnt are to be believed, ever did he. If, therefore, on any occasion, to any thing, by the name of the oracles of divine truthany such prostration as a prostration of the understanding and will is performed, it is to man, and not to God, that it is performed.

Meantime the oracles, which, under the name of the oracles of divine truth, his Lordship has had in view,--and towards which, on pain of forfeiture of “proficiency in

John, vi. 46. Not that any man hath seen the Father, save lie which is of God, he hath seen the Father.

+ 1 John, iv. 12. No man bath seen God at any time.

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