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manner, refer to something corresponding more with a Fortune-teller

or Divining Woman, than what is now called a Witch-Example of

the Witch of Endor-Account of her Meeting with Saul-Supposed

by some a mere Impostor-By others, a Sorceress powerful enough to

raise the Spirit of the Prophet by her own Art-Difficulties attending

both Positions-A middle Course adopted, supposing that, as in the

Case of Balak, the Almighty had, by exertion of his Will, substituted

Samuel, or a good Spirit in his Character, for the Deception which the

Witch intended to produce-Resumption of the Argument, showing

that the Witch of Endor signified something very different from the

inodern Ideas of Witchcraft-The Witches mentioned in the New

Testament are not less different from modern Ideas than those of the

Books of Moses, nor do they appear to have possessed the Power

ascribed to Magicians-Articles of Faith which we niay gather from

Scripture on this point, That there might be certain Powers permitted

by the Almighty to inferior, and even evil Spirits, is possible; and in

some Sense, the Gods of the Heathens might be accounted Demons-

More frequently, and in a general Sense, they were but Logs of Wood,

without Sense or Power of any kind, and their Worship founded on

Imposture-Opinion that the Oracles were silenced at the Nativity,

adopted by Milton-Cases of Demoniacs—The incarnate Possessions

probably ceased at the same Time as the Intervention of Miracles

Opinion of the Catholics-Result that Witchcraft, as the Word is

interpreted in the middle Ages, neither occurs under the Mosaic or

Gospel Dispensation-It arose in the ignorant Period, when the

Christians considered the Gods of the Mahommedan ur Heathen Na-

tions as Fiends, and their Priests as Conjurers or Wizards—Instance

as to the Saracens, and among the Northern Europeans yet unconvert-

ed–The Gods of Mexico and Peru explained on the same System

Also the Powahs of North America - Opinion of Mather--Gibb, a

supposed Warlock, persecuted by the other Dissenters—Conchi-

sion.

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LETTER VII.

Penal Laws unpopular when rigidly exercised-Prosecution of Witches

placed in the Hand of special Commissioners, ad inquirendum-Pro-

secution for Witchcraft not frequent in the elder Period of the
Roman Empire--Nor in the Middle Ages--Some Cases took place,
however-The Maid of Orleans-The Dutchess of Gloucester

Richard the Third's Charge against the Relations of the Queen

Dowager-But Prosecutions against Sorcerers became more common

in the End of the Fourteenth Century-Usually united with the Charge

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The Effects of the Witch Superstition are to be traced in the Laws of a

Kingdom-Usually punished in England as a Crime connected with Po-

Titics--Attempt at Murder for Witchcraft not in itself capital-Trials

of Persons of Rank for Witchcraft, connected with State Crimes-

Statutes of Henry VIII.-How Witchcraft was regarded ty the three

leading Sects of Religion in the Sixteenth Century; first, by the

Catholics; second, by the Calvinists; third, by the Church of England

and Lutherans-Impostures unwarily countenanced by individual

Catholic Priests, and also by some Puritanic Clergymen--Statute of

1562, and some Cases upon it-Case of Dugdale-Case of the Witches

of Warbois, and Execution of the Family of Samuel—That of Jane

Wenham, in which some Church of England Clergymen insisted on the

Prosecution--Hutchison's Rebuke to thiem-James the First's Opinion

of Witchcraft-His celebrated Statute, 1 Jac. I..-Canon passed by the

Convocation against Possession-Case of Mr. Fairfax's Children-Lan-

cashire Wilclies in 1613—Another Discovery in 1634-Webster's

Account of the Manner in which the Imposture was managed--Supe-

riority of the Calvinists is followed by a severe Prosecution of

Witches-Executions in Suffolk, &c. to a dreadful Extent-Hopkins,

the pretended Witchfinder, the Cause of these Cruelties-His brutal

Practices-His Letter--Execution of Mr. Lowis-Hopkins punished-

Restoration of Charles-Trial of Coxe-of Dunny and Callender be-

fore Lord Hales--Royal Society and Progress of Knowledge--Somer-

setshire Witches Opinions of the Populace-A Woman swum for

Witchcraft at Oakly-Murder at Tring--Act against Witchcraft

ábolished, and the Belief in the Crime becomes forgotten-Witch

Trials in New-England-Dame Glover's Trial-Affliction of the

Parvises, and frightful Increase of the Prosecutions--Suddenly put a

Stop to-The Penitence of those concerned in them.

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