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Wrest once the law to your authority.
To do a great right, do a little wrong ;
And curb this cruel devil of his will.

Por. It must not be, there is no pow'r in Venice
Can alter a decree established.
"Twill be recorded for a precedent;
And many an error, by the same example,
Will rush into the state. It cannot be.

Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yea, a Daniel.
O wise young judge, how do Ì honour thee !

Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond.
Shy. Here 'tis, most rev'rend Doctor, here it is.
Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd thee.

Shy. An oath, an oath,- I have an oath in heav'n.
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul?
No, not for Venice.

Por. Why, this bond is forfeit;
And lawfully by this the Jew may claim
A pound of fleih, to be by him cut off
Nearest the merchant's heart. Be merciful,
Take thrice thy money, bid mè tear the bond,

Shy. When it is paid according to the tenour.
It doth appear, you are a worthy judge ;
You know the law: your expofition
Hath been moit found. I charge you by the law,
Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,
Proceed to judgment. By my foul I swear,
There is no power in the tongue
To alter me.

I stay here on my bond.
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the Court
To give the judgment.

Por. Why, then thus it is:
You must prepare your bosom for his knife.
-Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man !

Por. For the intent and purpose of the law
Hath full relation to the penalty,
Which here appeareth due upon the bond.

Shy. 'Tis very true. O wise and upright judge,
How much more elder art thou than thy looks!
Per. Therefore lay bare your


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Sby. Ay, his breaft;
So says the bond, doth it not, noble judge ?
Neareft his heart, those are his very words.

Por. It is fo. Are there fcales, to weigh the flesh?
Shy. I have them ready.

Por. Have by some furgeon, Sbylock, on your charge, To stop his wounds, left he should bleed to death.

Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ?
Por. It is not so express’d; but what of that?
"Twere good, you do so much for charity.

Shy. I cannot find it ; 'tis not in the bond.
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say?

Ant. But little: I am arm’d, and well prepar'd.
Give me your hand, Bafanio, fare you well!
Grieve not, that I am fall’n to this for you:
For herein fortune shews herself more kind,
Than is her custom. It is still her use,
To let the wretched man out-live his wealth,
To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow,
An age of poverty: From which ling'ring penance
Of such a misery doth the cut me off.
Commend me to your honourable wife;
Tell her the process of Anthonio's end;
Say, how I lov’d you ; speak me fair in death :
And when the tale is told, bid her be judge,
Whether Bafanio had not once a love.
Repent not you, that you shall lose your friend;
And he repents not, that he pays your debt;
For if the Jew do cut but deep enough,
I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.

Ball. Anthonio, I am married to a wife,
Which is as dear to me as life itself;
But life itself, my wife, and all the wo:ld,
Are not with me esteem'd above thy life.
I would lose all ; ay, sacrifice them all
Here to this devil; to deliver you.

Por. Your wise would give you little thanks for that If the were by to hear you make the offer.

Gra. I have a wife, whom, I proteft, I love; I would, she were in heaven, fo the could


Intreat fome Pow'r to change this currish Jewo.

Ner. 'Tis well, you offer it behind her back ; The wish would make else an unquiet house,

Shy. These be the christian husbands. I've a daughter; Would any of the stock of Barrabas Had been her husband, rather than a christian; [Afide. We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue sentence.

Por. A. pound of that same merchant's flesh is thine, The Court awards it, and the law doth give it.

Shy. Most rightful judge !

Por. And you must cut this.flesh from off his breast ; The law allows it, and the Court awards it.

Shy. Moft learned judge! a sentence: come, prepare. Por. Tarry a little, there is something else, This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood, The words exprelly are a pound of flesh. Then take thy bond, take thou thy pound of Aesh; But, in the cutting it, if thou doft shed One drop of chriftian blood; thy lands and goods Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate Unto the state of Venice.

Gra. O up-right judge! mașk, Jew, O learned judge! Shy. Is that the law?

Por. Thyself shall see the Act : For as thou urgest justice, be assurd, Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir’ít. Gra. O learned judge! mark, Jew, a learned judge!

Shy. I take this offer then, pay the bond thrice, And let the christian go.

Bal. Here is the money.

Por. The Jew shall have all justice; soft! no hafte; He fhall have nothing but the penalty.

Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge!

Por. Therefore prepare thee to cut off the flesh;
Shed thou no blood, nor cut thou less, nor more,
But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak'it more,
Or less than a juft pound, be't but so much
As makes it light or heavy in the substance,
On the division of the twentieth part
Of one poor scruple; nay, if the scale turn

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But in the estimation of a hair,
Thou dieft, and all thy goods are confiscate.

Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew!
Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip.

Por. Why doth the Jew pause? take the forfeiture.
Sby. Give me my principal, and let me go.
Bal. I have it ready for thee; here it is.

Por. He hath refus d it in the open Court ;
He shall have merely juftice, and his bond.

Gra. A Daniel, itill say I; a second Daniel ! I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word.

Sby. Shall I not barely have my principal ?

Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, To be fo taken at thy peril, Jew.

Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it!
I'll stay no longer question.

Por. Tarry, Jew.
The law hath yet another hold on you:
It is enacted in the laws of Venice,
If it be prov'd against an alien,
That by direct, or indirect, attempts
He feek the life of any citizen,
The party, 'gainst which he doth contrive,
Shall seize on half his goods; the other half
Comes to the privy coffer of the state ;
And the offender's life lies in the mercy
Of the Duke only, 'gainst all other voice :
In which predicament, I say, thou stand’it.
For it appears by manifeft proceeding,
That indirectly, and directly too,
Thou hast contriv'd against the very

Of the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd
The danger formerly by me rehears’d.
Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the Duke.

Gra. Beg, that thou may'it have leave to hang thyself;
And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state,
Thou hast not left the value of a cord;
Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the ftate's charge.

Duke. That thou may'ft see the diff'rence of our spirit,
I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it ;


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For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's.
The other half comes to the general state,
Which humbleness


unto a fine, Por. Ay, for the state ; not for Anthonio.

Sby. Nay, take my life and all : pardon not that.
You take my house, when you do take the prop
That doth fustain my house : you take my

you do take the means whereby I live. Por. What mercy can you render him, Anthonio? Gra. A halter gratis ; nothing else, for God's fake.

Ant. So please my lord the Duke,(29) and all the Court, To quit the fine for one half of his goods, I am content; so he will let me have The other half in use, to render it Upon his death unto the gentleman, That lately stole his daughter. Two things provided more, that for this favour He presently become a christian ; The other, that he do record a gift Here in the Court, of all he dies poffess'd, Unto his son Lorenzo and his daughter.

Duke. He shall do this, or else I do recant The pardon that I late pronounced here.

Por. Art thou contented, Yew ? what dost thou fay? (29) So please my lord ebe Duke,] The terms, which Antbonio preScribes to be comply'd with by the Jew, have been reckon'd intricate and corrupt; and a different regulation has been advis’d: But, if I am not mistaken, they are to be thus understood. The Jezo had forfeited his whole substance; one moiety thereof to go to the state, and the other to the defendant. Anthonio proposes, that the state should be content with fining him only that moiety, which was confiscated to them ; that, as to the other, which Anibonio equally might claim to himself, he only defires to hold the benefit, paying interest for it tothe Jew during his life: and, upon the Jew's demise, to have it immediately vested in his son and daughter. Nor does Anthonio propose any thing mean and ungenerous in this; he quits that right and property, which the law gave him, in the Jew's substance ; and (with regard to his own great losses,) is content to stand only as a borrower of it, upon the general foot of paying intereft : nor are the son and daughter robb’d in this; fince, setting aside Antbonio's claim by the Jew's forfeiture, their pretensions could not take place, till the Jew's death : and he takes care, their reversionary right in it should be secur'd by the Jew's recording a deed of gift to that purpose.


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