« PreviousContinue »
and another very small Court within it. The Front of the College is almoft oppofite to Trinity Gardens, having a large Gate, with a Tower over it, by which we enter the great Quadrangle, being near 130 Feet either Way.
The Chapel is a spacious Edifice, at the NorthEaft Angle of the great Court. What is moft admired here is a very large Window of painted Glass, at the East End, of the Passion of our Saviour, wherein there are a great Variety of Figures admirably done. This was put up in the Reign of King James I. and is faid to have coft 1500l. The Windows on the Sides seem to be of the fame Workmanship; but the greatest Curiosity in this Chapel is the painted Cloth, if it may be so called, at the lower Part of the Altar. It is the only Work of its kind at present in Oxford, but the Altar of Magdalen College, before the new Wainscotting of it, was done in the same Manner. The Cloth itself. which is of an Afh-Colour, is the Medium; the Lines and Shades are done with a brown Crayon, and the Lights with a white one ; which being afterwards pressed with hot Irons, causing the Sweat of the Cloth to incorporate with the Colours, has so fixed them, as to be rendered Proof against a Brush, or any such Thing, made use of to cleanse it from Duft: It was performed by Ijaac Fuller, who painted the Altar-Piece at Magdalene College, and is generally allowed to be masterly Drawing. The East represents the Lord's Supper; the North Abraham and Melchisedech; and the South the Children of Israel gathering Manna.
The Hall is situated at the South-East Angle of the great Court. The Library is a lofty spacious Room over the Kitchen, well furnished with Books.
The Chapel -and the Library form two Wings in the Back or East Front of the College. Between these is a Cloister; and, over that, the Fellows Common Room; which is a very handfome one, and has the Advantage of a beautiful Prospect over the adjacent Fields to HeddingtonHill.
This College was designed by Nicholas Wadham, Esq; and founded, in pursuance of his Will, by Dorothy Wadham, his Widow, Anno 1613, who appointed one Warden, 15 Fellows, 15 Scholars, two Chaplains, two Clerks, one Manciple, two Cooks, two Butlers, and a Porter ; the Warden to be a Native of Great Britain, but to quit the College on his Marriage, or Advancement to a Bishoprick. The Fellows, after having compleated 18 Years from their Regency, to quit their Fellowships. The Scholars, out of whom the Fellows are to be chosen, to be taken three out of Somersetshire, and three out of Elex; the rest out of any County in Great Britain. · The most considerable Benefactor, since the Founder, was John Goodridge, M. A. some time Fellow of this College, who gave all his Lands at Walthamstowe in Essex, to this Society. Dr. Hoddy added ten Exhibitions, four for Students in Hebrew, and fix for Greek, sol. a Year to each. Lord Wyndbam 2500l. of which 2000). to increase the Warden's Salary, and 500l. to beautify and repair the College. Bishop Life, the late Warden, gave two Exhibitions of 10l. per Ann, each..
The present Members of this Society are a Warden, 15 Fellows, 2 Chaplains, 15 Scholars, two Clerks, and 16 Exhibitioners; the whole Number of Students being usually about 120.
Visitor. The Bilhop of Bath and Wells.
CORPUS-Christi College is in St. Jahn's Parish, U between Chris-Church on the West, Merton College on the East, and Oriel College on the North; consisting of one Quadrangle, an elegant Pile of modern Buildings, in which are pleasant and commodious Rooms (that look into Merton and ChriftChurch Meadows) and a Cloyster adjoining; allo a neat Structure which looks Eastwards towards Merton College Grove, in which are fix Apartments appropriated to Gentlemen - Commoners, whose Number the Founder has confined, to Six, who are to be Sons of Noblemen, or other eminent Perfons. : On the East Side of the Quadrangle is the Hall, which is 50 Feet long, and 25 :broad, and of a proportionable Height.
The Cylindrical Dial in the Quadrangle is fet.at Right Angles with the Horizon, the common Sections whereof, with the Hour Circles, except the Meridian Circle that divides it by the Axis, as also the Equino&tial, are all Elipses, and is a fine old Piece of Gnomonicks. On the Column is a perpetual Kalendar.
The Chapel, which is situated at the South-East Corner of the Quadrangle, is 70 Feet in Length, and 25 in Breadth.
The Library is well furnished with Books, particularly a large Collection of Pamphlets from the Reformation to the Revolution. About 300 MSS. An English Bible, fupposed to be older than Wickliffe's. A Parchment Roll, containing the Pedigree of the Royal Family, and the several Branches of it, from King Alfred to Edward VI. with their
ed it only as a Jet Church of St. wwhat End; but
CORPUS-CHRISTÍ COLLEGE. 81" Arms blazoned, signed by the King at Arms; and several other Curiosities, particularly an ancient Manuscript History of the Bible in French, finely decorated with curious Paintings, given by General, Oglethorpe, who was a Member of this College ; and also a very valuable Collection of the first Editions of the Classicks. '. .
They shew. here also the genuine Crosier of the Founder, a Piece of very curious Workmanship, little impaired' by Time.
This College was founded in the Year: 1516, by Dr. Richard Fox, a Native of Ropesley, near Grantham in Lincolnshire, who was successively Bishop of the Sees of Exeter, Bath and Wells, Durham and Winchester, and was likewise Lord' Privy Seal to King Henry VII. and Henry VIII. He first intended it only as a Seminary for the Monks of the Priory, or Cathedral Church of St. Swithen at Wine chester, and obtained a Charter for that End; but altered his Mind by the Persuasion of Hugh Oldham, Bishop of Exeter, who engaged to be a Benefactor to the House, on condition that he would convert it into a College for the Use of secular Students, after the Manner of other Colleges in the Univerfity: Whereupon Bishop Fox caused the first Charter to be cancelled, and obtained another, whereby he was permitted to found a College for the Study of Divinity, Philosophy, and other liberal Arts. The Charter of Foundation was dated at the Castle of Wolvesly, on the Calends of March 1516.
He assigned a Body of Statutes for the Government of this Society, whereby, he appointed, that the Fellows should be elected out of the Scholars, who are to be chosen from the Counties or Dioceses following, viz. two Surry, three Hampfire, one Durham, two Bath and Wells, two Exeter, two County of Lincoln, two Gloucestershire, one
Wiltshire, or (in Defect of a Candidate ) the Diocese of Sarum, one County of Bedford, two County of Kent, one County of Oxford, one Lancashiré...
Among the Benefactors was Hugh Oldham, Chaplain to Margaret Countess of Richmond, and afterwards Bishop of Exeter, who gave 6000 Marks towards the Building of this College, besides several Estates for the Endowment of it., : William Frost gave Lands for the Maintenance of one Scholar John Claymond, the first President of this College, gave Lands at several Villages near Oxford, and in Hampshire, Berkshire, and other Parts of the Kingdom. Robert Morwent, second Prefident, gave to the College Rewley Meadows near Oxford. And in 1706, Dr. Turner, when President, gave the New Buildings and his Collection of Books.
The present Members of this Society are a Prefident, 20 Fellows, 2 Chaplains, 20 Scholars, and four Exhibitioners; the whole Number of Students being above fixty.
Visitor. The Bishop of Winchester.
MERTON COLLEGE. V ERTON College is situated East of Corpus
2 Christi, and consists of three Courts. The largest, or inner Court, is about 110 Feet long, and 100 broad. ;
The Chapel is at the West end of the first Court, and is likewise the Parish Church, viz. the Church of the Collegiate Parish, or the Collegiate Parish Church, of St. John Baptist de Merton. It is one of the fargest and best proportioned Gothic Structures in