Brethren in Christ: A Calvinist Network in Reformation Europe
This groundbreaking book explores the migration of Calvinist refugees in Europe during the Reformation, across a century of persecution, exile and minority existence. Ole Peter Grell follows the fortunes of some of the earliest Reformed merchant families, forced to flee from the Tuscan city of Lucca during the 1560s, through their journey to France during the Wars of Religion to the St Bartholomew Day Massacre and their search for refuge in Sedan. He traces the lives of these interconnected families over three generations as they settled in European cities from Geneva to London, marrying into the diaspora of Reformed merchants. Based on a potent combination of religion, commerce and family networks, these often wealthy merchants and highly skilled craftsmen were amongst the most successful of early modern capitalists. Brethren in Christ shows how this interconnected network, reinforced through marriage and enterprise, forged the backbone of international Calvinism in Reformation Europe.
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1 The start of the Calvinist network
2 A European network takes shape
3 The Calvinist network and the Thirty Years War
4 The collections for Calvinist exiles in England Scotland and Ireland
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Abraham administrators Adorni-Braccesi Amberg Amsterdam Antwerp arrived Balbani became Bohemian brethren Bundle Calvinism Calvinist Calvinists in Early Catholic Cesar Calandrini charitable Charles Drelincourt Church in London city’s consistory Despite donated Dutch and Walloon Dutch Calvinists Dutch Church Dutch Reformed Church Dutch Republic elders emigration England English evangelical exiled ministers France Frankfurt Geneva Germany Giovanni Calandrini God’s Hanau Heidelberg Hessels Holland Huguenot Ibid Johann John La Motte later letter Libro di Ricordi London Dutch Louis de Geer Lower Palatinate Lucca Lutheran Lyon magistracy merchant merchant-banker Michele Burlamachi ministers and schoolmasters Nuremberg ofthe Papillon Paul Pindar persecution Philip Burlamachi Philip Calandrini Pompeo Diodati prominent Protestant proved Puritan Reformed communities Reformed diaspora Reformed faith Reformed ministers Reformed refugees refugee ministers Religion religious Roerelius royal collection RPSMN settled southern Netherlands Stade sums Synod thalers Thirty Years War Turrettini United Provinces Upper Palatinate Vicenzo Burlamachi Walloon wealthy Zurich