Territory of Information
Most higher animals are said to be territorial, as a huge amount of work in ethology has made it clear. Human beings are no exceptions. They tend to occupy a certain space around them where they claim their own presence and exclude others quite naturally. If territory is so prevalent among higher animals including humans, then isn't it possible to observe its manifestations in aspects of human language?
Territory of Information starts from this fundamental question and attempts to demonstrate the key function of the concept of territory in the informational structure and syntax of natural language. It offers an analysis of English, Japanese, and Chinese in terms of territory and shows its fundamental importance in the interface of information and syntax in these languages. Moreover, it argues that the concept of territory plays a major role in the evidentiality of a number of languages and in the linguistic structure of politeness. It also makes much reference to discourse and conversational analysis. Thus, this is a book which might interest readers concerned with pragmatics in general, the relationship between informational structure and syntax, evidentiality, politeness, discourse analysis, and conversational analysis.
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CHAPTER 1 Introduction
CHAPTER 2 The Theory of Territory of Information
CHAPTER 3 Territory of Information in Japanese
CHAPTER 4 Some Sentential PhenomenaandTerritory of Information
CHAPTER 5 Territory of Information in Phrases and Lexical Items
CHAPTER 6 Territory of Information in Discourse
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analysis anaphoric applies basic cataphorically chapter characterization Chinese close to him/her condition 25c considered contrast conversational space corresponding CPTM daroo form definition degree adverbs desu direct form direct-ne discourse discussed distal domain empathy relation English and Japanese evidentiality express information external direct experience falls into his/her forms of utterance framework function given piece Hainandao he/she hearer hearer's territory him/herself his/her territory indirect information expressed information falls intonation involved Japanese clefts Japanese demonstratives Kamio Kuno Kuno's kuru languages linguistic meta-condition morphemes natural non-direct form Notice notion of territory observed P-part performative utterances personal data piece of information politeness prediction proximal psychological distance psychological scales psychological utterances relevant represents scenery seems sentence-final SF Lit situation speaker assumes speaker's territory speaker/hearer stage subcase suggests Taroo Taroo's father territory of information territory of reference theory of territory third person subjects verbs Watasi Yamada YI's hypothesis