A Grammar of Geography

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American missions Press, 1836

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Page 31 - CLIMATE is a part of the surface of the earth contained between two small circles parallel to the equator, and of such a breadth, that the longest day in the parallel nearest the pole, exceeds the longest day in the parallel of latitude...
Page 26 - ... to the south of it on the other side. The angle which it makes with the equator is called the obliquity of the ecliptic. It is called the ecliptic, because eclipses happen when the moon is in or near this circle : it is divided into 12 "equal parts, called signs, each containing 30 degrees ; they are...
Page 28 - ... earth which it represents), the hours increase in this direction ; but the motion of the Celestial Globe being from east to west (like the apparent motion of the heavens), the hours increase in this direction accordingly. Some globes have no brass plate, but have the Hours marked on the Globe itself. The Quadrant of Altitude is a thin slip of brass divided into degrees, and corresponding to a quadrant or fourth part of the Equator and Brazen Meridian. It is used for measuring the distances and...
Page 11 - So, the top of the map, or that part to which you are looking, will be the north, the bottom the south, the right hand the east, and the left hand the west. That part...
Page 26 - Taurus, the Bull ; Scorpio, the Scorpion; Gemini, the Twins; Sagittarius, the Archer; Cancer, the Crab; Capricornus, the Goat; Leo, the Lion ; Aquarius, the Waterman ; Virgo, the Virgin; Pisces, the Fishes.
Page 29 - ANTOECI, in geography, an appellation given to those inhabitants of the earth who live under the same meridian, but on different sides of the equator, and at equal distances from it.
Page 25 - ... considered as a perfect sphere or globe, revolving on an imaginary line called its axis, from west to east, in twenty-four hours. This rotation towards the east causes all the heavenly bodies to have an apparent motion from east to west.
Page 26 - The tropics are two small circles parallel to the equator, and passing through the solstices. That...
Page 25 - The ECLIPTIC is a great circle in the heavens, in which the sun, or rather the earth, performs its annual revolution.
Page 28 - ... sun's place in the ecliptic, called the sun's longitude, for any given day. 4. The zenith is that point in the heavens directly over our heads, and is at an equal distance from all points of the horizon. 5. The nadir is that point in the heavens opposite the zenith, and is directly under our feet. The zenith and nadir are the poles of the horizon, being each 90 distant from it.

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