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How fudges may 6. Judges may be removed from office by a concurrent vote of be removed.

both houses of the general assembly; but two-thirds of the mem

bers present must concur in such vote, and the cause of removal Notice to be given. shall be entered on the journals of each. The judge against whom

the legislature may be about to proceed, shall receive notice thereof, accompanied with a copy of the causes alleged for his removal, at least twenty days before the day on which either house of the gen

eral assembly shall act thereupon. Justices of the 7. On the creation of any new county, justices of the peace shall peace how ap- be appointed, in the first instance, in such manner as may be prepointed.

scribed by law. When vacancies shall occur in any county, or it shall, for any cause, be deemed necessary to increase the number, appointments shall be made by the governor, on the recommenda

tion of the respective county courts. Attorney general, 8. The attorney general shall be appointed by joint vote of the bow appointed.

two houses of the general assembly, and commissioned by the go

vernor, and shall hold his office, during the pleasure of the general Clerks of courts assembly. The clerks of the several courts, when vacancies shall how; tenure of of- occur, shall be appointed by their respective courts, and the tenure fice to be prescribed by law. of office, as well of those now in office, as those who may be hereSheriffs, coroners, after appointed, shall be prescribed by law The sheriffs and coroand constables, how appointed:

ners shall be nominated by the respective county courts, and when fees of officers to approved by the governor, shall be commissioned by him. The bewegulated by justices shall appoint constables. And all fees of the aforesaid of

ficers shall be regulated by law. Writs how to run

9. Writs shall run in the name of the commonwealth of Virginia, and bear teste by the clerks of the several courts. Indictments shall conclude, Against the peace and dignity of the commonwealth.

ARTICLE VI. Treasurer to bo A treasurer shall be appointed annually by joint vote of both elected. houses.

ARTICLE VII. Governor and

The executive department of the government shall remain as at council to remain present organized, and the governor and privy councillors shall governor be elect- continue in office, until a governor, elected under this constitution,

shall come into office; and all other persons in office, when this

constitution shall be adopted, except as is herein otherwise expressly pointed.

directed, shall continue in office, until successors shall be appointed, Jurisdiction of

or the law shall otherwise provide ; and all the courts of justice now courts to continue existing, shall continue with their present jurisdiction, until and ex

cept so far as, the judicial system may or shall be hereafter other-
wise organized by the legislature.
Done in convention in the city of Richmond, on the fifteenth

day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and thirty, and in the fifty-fourth year of the Indepen-
dence of the United States of America.

PHILIP P. BARBOUR,

President of the Convention, D. BRIGGS,

Secretary of the Convention.

and be tested. Indictments how to conclude.

ed.
All others until
successore ap-

law,

SCHEDULE

Ordered, That the roll containing the draft of the amended constitution adopted by this convention, and by it submitted to the people of this commonwealth, for their ratification or rejection, be enclosed by the secretary in a case proper for its preservation, and deposited among the archives of the council of state.

Ordered, That the secretary do cause the journal of the proceedings of this convention to be fairly entered in a well bound book, and after the same shall have been signed by the president, and attested by the secretary, that he deposit the same, together with all the original documents in the possession of the convention, and connected with its proceedings, among the archives of the council of state; and further, that he cause ten printed copies of the said journal to be well bound, and deposited in the public library.

Ordered, That the president of the convention do certify a true copy of the amended constitution to the general assembly now in session; and that the general assembly be and they are hereby re, quested to make any additional provisions by law, which may be necessary and proper for submitting the same to the voters thereby qualified to vote for members of the general assembly at the next April elections, and for organizing the government under the amended constitution, in case it shall be approved and ratified by such voters.

Chap. 6.-An ACT ceding to the United States the lands on Old Point Com

fort, and the shoal called the Rip Raps.*

(Passed March 1st, 1821.) Whereas it is shewn to the present general assembly, that the Preamble. goverument of the United States is solicitous that certain lands at Old Point Comfort, and at the shoal called the Rip Raps, should be, with the right of property and entire jurisdiction thereon, vested in the said United States for the purpose of fortification, and other objects of national defence: 1. Be it enacted by the general assembly, That it shall be lawful Governor to make

the cession by and proper for the governor of this commonwealth, by conveyance deed, or deeds in writing under his hand and the seal of the state, to transfer, assign and make over unto the said United States the right of property and title, as well as all the jurisdiction which this commonwealth possesses over the lands and shoal at Old Point Comfort and the Rip Raps: Provided, The cession at Old Point Quantity of land Comfort shall not exceed two hundred and fifty acres, and the ces

to be ceded. sion of the shoal at the Rip Raps shall not exceed fifteen acres : And provided, also, That the said cession shall not be construed or Proviso as to protaken, so as to prevent the officers of this state from executing any state officers. process, or discharging any other legal functions, within the jurisdiction or territory herein directed to be ceded, nor to prevent, abolish or restrain the right and privilege of fishery hitherto enjoyed and used by the citizens of this commonwealth within the limits aforesaid : And provided further, That nothing in the deed of con- Present road to veyance, required by the first section of this act, shall authorize the discontinuance of the present road to the fort, or in any manner

* Acts 1820-21, ch. 73, pp. 102, 103. This act is printed among the private acts of this year, but following the order and arrangement of the Revised Code it is inserted here.

fort not discontinued.

!

in the common

Pilots not pre

prevent the pilots from erecting such marks and beacons as may vented from erecting beacons.

be deemed necessary. In what event 2. And be it further enacted, That, should the said United States lunds and shoal may be revested at any time abandon the said lands and shoal, or appropriate them

other wealth.

than those indicated in the preamble to this

purposes act, that then and in that case, the same shall revert to, and revest

in, this commonwealth. Commencement.

3. This act shall commence and be in force from and after the passing thereof.

to any

Governor authorized to cede to the United States

house.

Proviso.

CHAP. 7.–An ACT authorizirg the governor of this commonwealth to cede to

the United States, the jurisdiction over certain land on Smith’s island for the purpose of building a light-house.*

(Passed February 6th, 1827.] 1. Be it enacted by the general assembly, That it shall and may

be lawful for the governor of this commonwealth, and he is hereby jurisdiction over a fully authorized, for and in behalf of this commonwealth, by proper piece of land, for builling a light." deeds and instruments of writing, under bis hand and the seal of

the commonwealth, to convey, transfer, assign and make over to the United States, all the jurisdiction which this commonwealth possesses, over a certain piece or parcel of land, not exceeding six acres, lying on the eastern extremity of Smith's island, in the county of Northampton, and purchased by the United States for the erection of a light-house, and the appurtenant buildings thereto: Provided, That a light-house shall be erected, kept in repair, and supported at the expense of the United States, on the said piece or

parcel of land. When jurisdiction 2. If a light-house shall not be erected thereon within the space ceded to rovert to of five years after the cession aforesaid, by this commonwealth, or

if, at any time thereafter, the said light-house and buildings appurtenant thereto, shall be suffered to fall into decay, or be rendered useless as to the purposes aforesaid, and so continue for the space of five years, then and in those cases, the jurisdiction over such territory, hereby directed to be vested in the United States, shall

revert to this commonwealth, and be subject to the jurisdiction of Commonwealth's

the same, in like manner as if this act had never been made: Proofficers not to be rided, That nothing herein contained, shall be so construed as to executing process. prevent the officers of this state from executing any process what

ever, within the jurisdiction hereby directed to be ceded to the

United States : And provided also, That the said land shall be emfor no other pur- ployed and applied to no other purpose, and for no other use, than

ihe erection of a light-house, and the buildings appurtenant thereto, and the accommodation of the persons employed therein, and that no establishment or arts shall be authorized or permitted thereon, by the United States, in contravention of the laws of Virginia to prevent gaming, and to suppress tippling-houses.

the commonwealth.

Land to be used

3. This act shall commence and be in force from the passing thereof.

Commencement.

* Acts 1826-7, ch. 16,

p. 16.

Chap. 8.-An ACT authorizing the government of the United States to purchase certain lands on Smith's Point, and for other purposes.*

(Passed February 26th, 1828.) Whereas it is represented to the general assembly, that it may be Preamble. necessary for the government of the United States to re-build the light-house on Smith's Point, in the county of Northumberland, on an enlarged scale, or to alter the site thereof, and of the appurtenant buildings:

1. Be it therefore enacted by the general assembly, That it may United States aube lawful for the government of the United States to purchase from thorized na pura the proprietor, or proprietors of the land lying on, or adjoining build light-house. Smith's Point, in the county of Northumberland, as much land as may be necessary for the purposes of re-building the said lighthouse, altering the site thereof, and for the erection of such other buildings appurtenant thereto as may be necessary: Provided, the quantity of land so purchased shall not exceed four acres.

2. And be it further enacted, That whenever the contemplated Jurisdiction over purchase shall have been made, the United States shall have, pos

sai i land, ceded. sess, and exercise, all the jurisdiction and authority over the land so as aforesaid purchased, which this commonwealth possesses over the same: Provided, however, That nothing herein contained, shall State officers not be so construed as to prevent the officers of this commonwealth tiom executing from executing any process whatsoever, within the jurisdiction process. hereby intended to be ceded to the United States; nor to prevent the courts of this commonwealth from taking cognizance of any matter or cause whatsocver arising within the said jurisdiction, of which by law they would now be authorized to take cognizance, but the same shall remain in all respects as if this act had not been passed.

3. And if the buildings aforesaid, be not erected on the land Jurisdiction when herein authorized to be purchased, within the space

of seven years after the said purchase shall have been completed, or if at any time hereafter the same shall be suffered to fall into decay, or be rendered useless as to the purposes aforesaid, and so continue for the space of seven years, or if the United States shall discontinue the light-house at the place aforesaid, then in those cases the jurisdiction which by virtue hereof may become vested in the United States, shall revert to this commonwealth, and be exercised by it, in the same manner as if this act had not been passed.

4. This act shall commence and be in force from and after the Commencement.

to revert to commonwealth.

passage thereof.

Chap. 9.–An ACT authorizing the government of the United States to par. chase Little Watts Island on which to build a light-house.t

(Passed February 11th, 1829.) Whereas it is represented to the general assembly, that it may Preamble. be necessary for the government of the United States to build a light-house on Little' Watts island, in the county of Accomack:

1. Be it therefore enacted by the general assembly, That it shall Government of be lawful for the government of the United States to purchase from the proprietor or proprietors of the land, constituting said Little chase Litilo Watts Watts island, lying in the county of Accomack, for the purpose of

United States authorized to pur

island.

* Acts 1827-8, ch. 23, pp. 17,

18. 1 Acts 1825-9, ch. 20, pp. 28, 29.

commonwealth ceded.

Proviso.

building a light-house thereon, and such other buildings appurte

nant thereto as may be necessary. Jurisdiction of 2. Be it further enacted, That whenever the contemplated pur

chase shall have been made, the government of the United States shall have, possess and exercise all the jurisdiction and authority over the land so as aforesaid purchased, which this commonwealth possesses over the same: Provided, however, That nothing herein contained, shall be so construed as to prevent the officers of this commonwealth from executing any process whatsoever on said island; nor to prevent the courts of this commonwealth from taking cognizance of any matter or cause whatsoever, arising on or within the jurisdiction now exercised by this commonwealth over said island, but the same shall remain in all respects as if this act had

not been passed. When jurisdiction 3. And be it further enacted, That if the buildings aforesaid be

not erected on the land hereby authorized to be purchased, within the space of seven years after the said purchase shall have been completed, or if at any time hereafter, the same is suffered to fall into decay, or be rendered useless for the purposes aforesaid, and so continue for the space of seven years, or if the government of the United States shall discontinue the light-house at the place aforesaid, then in either or any of those cases, the jurisdiction which by virtue of this act may become vested in the government of the United States, shall revert to this commonwealth, and be exercised by it in the same manner as if this act had not been passed.

4. This act shall commence and be in force frore and after the passing thereof.

to revert to the commonwealth.

Commencoment.

Ju isi iction over land on Assa teague island

.

Chap. 10.–An ACT authorizing the governor of this commonwealth to cede

to the United States a certain piece or parcel of land on Assateague island, in the county of Accomack, for the purpose of erecting a light-house thereon.*

(Passed January 12th, 1832.) 1. Be it enacted by the general assembly, That the governor of

this commonwealth be, and he hereby is authorized, for and on ceded to United behalf of the commonwealth, by proper deeds and instruments of

writing, under his hand and the seal of the commonwealth, to convey, transfer, assign and make over to the United States all the jurisdiction which this commonwealth possesses over certain lands not exceeding fifty acres, situate on Assateague island, in the county of Accomack, and purchased by the United States, for the purpose of erecting thereon a light-house, and the appurtenant buildings

thereto, to be kept in repair and supported at the expense of the Reservation as to United States: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be serving of process.

so construed as to prevent the officers of this commonwealth from executing all process whatsoever, whether civil or criminal, or discharging any other legal functions within the jurisdiction hereby

directed to be ceded to the United States. When jurisdiction

2. Be it further enacted, That if a light-house shall not be erectceded, to revert to ed on the lands hereby ceded, within the space of five years from

the date of the deed of cession aforesaid, or if the same, having been erected, shall be suffered to fall into decay, or if the United States shall abandon the said lands, or appropriate them to purposes other

commonwealth.

* Acts 1831-2, ch. 193, pp. 260, 261. This act is found among the private acts of this session, but for uniformity, it is inserted here.

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