Annual Report of the American Institute of the City of New York

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C. van Benthuysen., 1862 - Agriculture

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Page 539 - It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire. The gold and the crystal cannot equal it; and the exchange of it shall not be for jewels of fine gold.
Page 539 - But where shall wisdom be found ? and where is the place of understanding ? Man knoweth not the price thereof; neither is it found in the land of the living. The depth saith, It is not in me : and the sea saith, It is not with me.
Page 265 - A winnowing sheet must be placed under them, to receive the bolls as they are rippled oil'; and then they are ready to receive the Flax just pulled, the handfuls being placed diagonally, and bound up in a sheaf. The sheaf is laid down at the right hand of the rippler, and untied.
Page 265 - ... become perfectly ripe. If it be taken at once from the field, and dried hurriedly on the kiln, these juices will be burned up, and the seed will become shrivelled and parched, little nutritious matter remaining. In fine seasons the bolls should always be dried in the open air, the seed thrashed out, and the heaviest and plumpest used for sowing or crushing. The light seeds and chaff form most wholesome and nutritious feeding for cattle.
Page 263 - Rolling the ground after sowing, is very advisable, care being taken not to roll when the ground is so wet that the earth adheres to the roller. Weeding. — If care has been paid to cleaning the seed and the soil, few weeds will appear ; but if there be any, they must be carefully pulled. It is done in Belgium by women and children, who, with coarse cloths round their knees, creep on all fours.
Page 282 - ... and, being taxed, produced a considerable revenue. Public officers are appointed to inspect and prepare it ; and it is said that a refusal to supply a wife with coffee is one of the legal grounds of divorce in Turkey. Coffee was brought into notice in the west of Europe, in the seventeenth century. The first coffee-house in London was opened in 1652, by a Greek named Pasqua, who had been servant to Daniel Edwards, a Turkish merchant; and the number soon increased. In 1 675, Charles II.
Page 264 - The time when flax should be pulled is a point of much nicety to determine. The fibre is in the best state before the seed is quite ripe. If pulled too soon, although the fibre is fine, the great waste in scutching and hackling renders it unprofitable ; and, if pulled too late, the additional weight does not compensate for the coarseness of the fibre. It may be stated, that the best time for pulling is, when the seeds are beginning to change from a green to a pale brown colour, and the stalk to become...
Page 266 - It should be stooked as soon after pulling as possible, and never allowed to remain over night unstooked, except in settled weather. The stocking should go on at the same time as the pulling, as, if flax is allowed to get rain, while on the ground, its colour is injured. A well-trained stooker will put up the produce of a Statute acre, or more, in good order, in a day, with two boys or girls to hand him the bunches. The flax should be handed with the tops to the stooker. The handfuls, as pulled,...
Page 261 - One of the points of the greatest importance, in the culture of flax, is by thorough-draining, and by careful and repeated cleansing of the land from weeds, to place it in the finest, deepest, and cleanest state. This will make room for the roots to penetrate, which they will often do to a depth equal to one-half the length of the stem above ground. After wheat, one ploughing may be sufficient, on light, friable loam, but two are better ; and, on stiff soils, three are advisable —one immediately...
Page 266 - The flax stems should be put together in bunches, about one-half larger than a man can grasp in one hand, spread a little, and laid on the ground in rows after each puller ; the bunches laid with tops and roots alternately, which prevents the seed-bolls from sticking to each other in lifting. It should be stooked as soon after pulling as possible, and never allowed to remain over night unstooked, except in settled weather.

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