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249.

Republican government, United

States.
Governor of territory, appointment, 229;

qualifications, 229; duties, 230, 232;

veto, 232.
Grant, U. S., on negro soldiers, 366;

General Order, 366, 442.
Grants, colonial, 159, 162.
Great Seal, power of, 51.
Greeley, Horace, on Dred Scott decision,

352; American Conflict, 353, 442.
Green, J. R., cited, 7, 22, 29, 59, 101,

104, 134, 197, 443.
Guaranty, of immunities of citizens,

257; of republican form of govern-
ment, 258; of public debt, 214, 259,
375; of equal protection of the laws,

374.
Guizot, F. P. G., cited, 133, 443.

Impeachment, pardon not pleadable to,

140, 255; in United States, 246, 247,

255, 256.
Implied powers, 251, 313.
Imposts, control of, 249, 252; uniformity,
Impressment, 186.
Inalienable rights, 148, 166, 183.
Independence, declared, 187; forced by

the people, 191.
Indians, in Revolution, 186; trade, 211,

250; treatment of, 231; not taxed,

245.
Inquest. — See Jury.
Inquisition of life or limb, writ of, 17.

See also Habeas Corpus.
INSTRUMENT OF GOVERNMENT, text,

85-98; contemporary exposition, 98-

99; critical comment, 100-114.
Insurrections, suppression of, 258.
Invasion, protection against, 258.

2

JAMES 14.

, arraigned, 123 ; abdicated,

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HABEAS CORPUS, forerunner of,

17; evaded, 69; act, 115-117, 431-
439; in territories, 233; suspension of,

251.
HABEAS CORPUS Act, text, 115-117,

431-439; contemporary exposition,

117; critical comment, 118-121.
Hallam, Henry, cited, 6, 27, 37, 45, 72,

100, 443.
Hansard. See Cobbett.
Hamilton, Alexander, on the Con-

federation, 219; Works, 219, 269, 443;

on the Constitution, 267, 268.
Hare, J. I. C., cited, 319, 443.
Harper's Magazine, 339, 414, 443.
Hart, A. B., cited, 224, 280, 338, 386,

412, 443.
Henry I., CORONATION OATH AND

CHARTER, 1-5; William of Malmes.

bury on, 5; Roger of Wendover on, 6.
Hinsdale, B. A., cited, 241, 413.
Hitchcock, Henry, cited, 173, 443.
Hoar, G. F., cited, 240, 408, 413.
Holst, H. E. von, cited, 198, 223, 329,

354, 413.
Hosmer, J. K. cited, 38, 77, 109, 135,

443.
House of Representatives, apportion-

ment, 245, 374 ; election to, 245-247;
qualifications, 245, 374 ; number in,
246; powers of, 246, 247, 248, 253,

264. — See also Congress.
Howard's Reports, 340.
Hurd, J. C., cited, 278, 443.
Hurd, R. C., cited, 118, 413.

129
Jameson, J. A., cited, 174, 221, 443.
Jameson, J. F., 280, 443.
Jefferson, Thomas, on Declaration of In-

dependence, 192; Works, 192, 220,
273, 326, 443; on the Confederation,
219; on the Constitution, 272; on the

Monroe Doctrine, 325.
Jews, regulation of debts due, 12, 13.
John, MaxxA CHARTA, 9-25; prom-

ises restorations, 20, 21; enforcement

of Magna Charta on, 22.
Johnston, Alexander, cited, 367, 443.
Journal of First Congress, 155, 444;

legislative, 214, 248; Journals of Con-

gress, 164, 228, 444.
Judges, commission, 139, 256; salaries,

139, 256; removal, 139; independence,

171, 172, 185.
Judicial power of the United States,

how vested, 256. — See also Courts.
Jurors, qualifications, 51-52, 126 ; pen-

alty for false verdict, 53; treatment,

54; return, 126.
Jury, trial by, for embezzling a record,

51; in civil cases, 51, 168, 262; ad-
vantages of, 53; abuse, 124; right of
colonies to, 156, 186; in criminal cases,
168, 262, 597; in territories, 233; in
United States courts, 257, 262. - See

also Jurors.
Justiciaries, 14.

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207, 248; of citizens guaranteed | KEITH, SIR. WILLIAM, on colonial
of ,

rights, 160; Taxing the British
257, 374.

Colonists, 161, 444.

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King. - See Crown.

Madison, James, on Monroe Doctrine,
King's Bench, illegal use, 124.

326; Works, 327, 444.
Knight's fee, regulated, 4, 14; priority MAGNA CHARTA, text, 9-25; contem-
of, 17.

porary exposition, 25-26; critical
comment, 27-33; enforcement, 22;

contirmed, 43; pleadable, 43; para-
LAND,
seizure for debt, 12; of felons, mount law, 43; read in churches, 13;

penalty for breaking, 43; in Petition
Laws, paramount, 18, 19, 68, 69, 71, 82, of Right, 68, 69; claimed by colonists,

168, 231; faithful execution of, 256; 144, 147, 159.
Constitution the supreme, 259; due Maletote of wools, released, 44.
process, 262, 374; not violated by Malmesbury, William of, 5, 444.
Missouri Compromise, 319; equal Manors, in king's demesne, rent of, 15.
protection guaranteed, 374.

Marque and reprisal, control of letters,
Lay tenement, 15.

207, 209, 213, 250, 252.
Lecky, W. E. H., cited, 199, 444.

Marriage, freedom, 2, 3.
Legislative power, how vested, in Com Marshall, John, cited, 152, 444; deliv.

monwealth, 85, 94; in the United ers McCulloch vs. Maryland decision,
States, 245. See also Congress, 312.

Northwest Territory, Parliament. Martial law, in time of peace, 69, 70;
Legislative punishments, forbidden, 82, revoked, 71; in United States, 262.
251, 252.

Mason, George, on the Constitution, 267.
Lincoln, Abraham, PROCLAMATION Mason, J. M., on Washington's Fare-

OF EMANCIPATION, 358-364; Com well Address, 308.
plete Works, 358, 362, 444; on Eman May, Sir T. E., cited, 120, 445.
cipation Proclamation, 366, 367. Measures. - See Weights.
Livermore, George, cited, 197, 444. Medley, D. J., cited, 113, 445.
Loans, forced, forbidden, 67; exacted, Merchants, security and freedom of
68.

transit, 18.
Lodge, H. C., cited, 202, 416, 444. Merriman, R. B., Life of Thomas Crom-
London, aids, 13; ancient liberties, 13; well, 36, 445.
gives up charter, 143.

Message, the president's, 255.
Long, J. D., on duty to dependencies, Military service, abroad, 45, 81; im-

399; Address before the Home Market pressment of colonists, 186.
Club, 401, 444.

Militia, of Commonwealth, 82; a safe-
Lord Protector, chief magistrate, 85; guard, 168, 208, 261; control of, 250.

assisted by council, 85; writs in his Minot, G. R., on Washington's Farewell
name, 85; powers, 86, 92, 94; succes Address, 308.
sion, 95; Oliver Cromwell first, 95; Missouri Compromise, unconstitutional,
to take oath, 97.

345; and rights of property, 315, 319.
Lowell, J. R., cited, 380, 444.

Money, regulation and coinage, 211,
Luffman, J., cited, 132.

213, 250, 252; power to borrow, 212,
213, 250; counterfeiting, 250.

Monroe, James, MONROE DOCTRINE,
MACAULAY; T. B., cited, 46, 74, 321-323.
164, 444.

MONROE DOCTRINE, text, 321-323;
McCall, S. W., cited, 370, 444.

contemporary exposition, 323–328;
McCULLOCH vs. THE STATE OF MARY critical comment, 329-339.

LAND, text, 312-316; contemporary Morality and government, 298-299.
exposition, 316-318; critical comment, Murse, J. T., cited, 330, 370, 445.
318-320.

Morte d'Ancestor, trial upon writ of, 14.
McKinley, William, ANNUAL MES Mulford, Elisha, cited, 221, 445.

SAGES, 388–397; on war with Spain,
388-391, 398; on relation with Cuba,
399-394. 1.200 duty to dependencies NATURALIZATION, obstruction of,
Market Club, 399, 444.

Navy, under the Commonwealth, 86, 93;
Mackintosh, Sir James, cited, 28, 414. control of, 207, 212, 250.
McLaughlin, A. C., cited, 284, 384, Negroes, citizenship,' 342, 347, 373; in-
444.

ferior race, 313; soldiers, 364, 366;
McMaster, J. B., cited, 337, 444.

suffrage, 375, 379.

Nicolay, J. G., and Hay, J., cited, 368,

445.
Niles, Hezekiah, on McCulloch

Maryland, 316; Niles' Weekly Reg-
ister, 317, 318, 445.
Nobility, titles forbidden, 207, 252.
NORTHWEST ORDINANCE, text, 228–

236; contemporary exposition 237–
238; critical comment, 238-243.
Northwest Territory, property in, 228;

government, 229-233; future state-
hood, 233, 235, 236; compact with,
233; bill of rights, 233; part of the
Confederation, 234; control of public
domain, 235; free waterways, 235;
slavery, 236.
Novel disseisin, trial upon writ of, 14.
Nugent, Lord, cited, 72.

,
scribed by Parliament, 127;

coro-
nation, 1, 130; of territorial officers,
232; of president, 254; to support the

Constitution, 259.
Officers, obedience to the laws, 19, 71;

responsible to the people, 167; posi-
tions not hereditary, 167; rotation,
167 ; legislators not eligible, 248, 253;
foreign favors, 252; appointment, 255;
commission, 256; impeachable, 256;
oath, 259; religious test, 259; disa-

bilities from Civil War, 374.
Olney, Richard, cited, 310, 334; on the

Philippines, 401; Growth of our For-

eign Policy, 402.
Otis: James, on colonial rights, 159;

Rights of the British Colonies, 160,

445.
Outlook, 416, 445.
Oyer and terminer, sessions of, 116.

tra, 81, 91-92; sessions, 79, 81, 86, 92,
126; adjournment, 86, 92; resistance
in arms to, 84; HABEAS CORPUS ACT,
115-117, 431-439; BILL OF Rights,
122-132; arraigns James II, 123-124;
the Convention, 124; freedom of
speech in, 126 ; claims certain rights,
126; confers the crown, 126, 129;
fixes the succession, 127, 129-130;
prescribes oath of allegiance and su-
premacy, 127; anti-Papist accession
oath, 131; ACT OF SETTLEMENT,
138-140; foreigners excluded from,
139; and colonies, 141-146, 158-163,
185; colonial representation in, 156,
160-161; colonial opinion of, 158; col-
onies petition, 164; arraigned, 185.

See also General Council.
Patents, laws for, 250.
Paterson, James, cited, 119, 445.
Peace and war, power, 86, 92, 208, 209,

213, 250, 252.
People, rights of, 4, 128; source of

power, 167, 183; responsibility to,
167; force independence, 191; re-

served power, 263, 294.
Personal liberty, security of, 17, 18, 70,

125, 168, 261-262, 374, 397; violated,
68-69, 123, 185. - See also Bait,

Civil
Rights, Fines, Habeas Corpus, Jury,

Punishments, Petition.
Petition, right of, 125, 261; colonists

claim, 157.
PETITION OF Right, text, 67-71; con-

temporary exposition, 72; critical

comment, 72–77.
Petty serjeanty, tenure, 17.
Philippines, ceded, 392; Congress re-

sponsible for government, 394, 395;
duty of United States, 394, 398-401;
future development, 395; education,
397; civil rights, 397; effect on for-
eign policy of United States, 401.
Pierce, E. L., cited, 369, 445.
Piracy, laws against, 209, 250.
Pitt, William, on reconciling the col-

onies, 163; Speech in the House of

Lords, 163.
Pleas of the crown, minor officials not

to hold, 15.
Political partisanship, dangers, 296.
Political Science Quarterly, 411, 445.
Pollock and Maitland, cited, 7, 32, 445.
Porto Rico, military government, 392;

civil government, 396; local self-gov-
ernment, 396; education, 397; civil

rights, 397.
Post-office, control, 212, 250.
Pownall, Thomas, on colonial rights,

147; Administration of the Colonies,
148, 445.

power, 255.

PAINE, THOMAS, on Washington's

, 307
Palgrave, Sir James, cited, 27, 445.
Pardon, to murderers, 4; power of Lord

Protector, 86, 93; not pleadable to

impeachment, 140, 255; presidential
Parliament of England, germ of, 13;

summons to, 34, 87-92; qualification
of members, 35, 90, 91, 139; powers
of, 35, 36, 81-84, 86, 92, 94-96, 125–
126; limitations, 81-84, 92; elections
to, 36, 80, 84, 87-92, 124-125; STAT-
UTE, 8 HENRY VI. Cap. 12, 49-51;
PETITION OF Right, 67-71; Rump,
to dissolve, 79, 84; number of mem-
bers of, 80, 87; apportionment, 80, 87;
quorum, 80, 91; term, 81, 84, 86; ex-

OF

Præcipe, writ, forbidden, 17.
Præmunire, penalty incurred, 117.
Precedent, fear of illegal, 71, 126.
Prerogative, royal, 72, 125, 144.
President, veto, 249; term, 253; elec-

tion, 253, 263; qualifications, 254; re-
muneration, 254; succession, 254; oath,
254; duties and powers, 255,256 ; im-
peachment, 247, 256; war powers,

363.
Preston, H. W., Documents, 166.
Privy Council, illegal use, 68; duties,

139; restriction on membership, 139.
Prize courts, control of, 209, 250.
PROCLAMATION EMANCIPATION,

text, 358-364; contemporary exposi-
tion, 364–367; critical comment, 367-
372; constitutional basis, 363, 364 ;
results, 364; call for, 365; Lincoln on,

366, 367.
Property, disposition of personal, 4, 16;

seizure for debt, 12; protection of, 16,
83, 166, 234, 261-262,' 374 ; in North-
west territory, 228; in slaves, 345;

rights and Missouri Compromise, 345,
Public debt, assumed and faith pledged,

214, 259; unquestioned, 374; South-
ern, repudiated, 375. — See also Public

faith.
Public domain, in Northwest Territory,

235; control of, 251, 258.
Public faith and credit, to be kept, 82,

97, 214, 259, 299.
Pulpit and Rostrum, 352, 445.
Punishments, not to be cruel or unusual,

126, 168, 233, 262.

Reliefs, to be just, 2, 3; ancient, re-
stored and specitied, 11; of an escheat,

18.
Religion, state, 83. 96; freedom, 83, 96,

169, 233, 259, 261; restrictions, 83, 84,
86; morality, government, and, 298.
Report on the Dignity of a Peer, 34.
Representation, right of, 79, 168, 184,

185, 233. - See also Taxation.
Representative. Parliament, 80.
Republican government, guaranteed,

236, 258; military establishments hos-
tile to, 292; separation of powers, 297;
foreign influence on, 302. See also

Government, United States.
Requisition, of criminals, 206, 257; on

states, 209, 212.
Revenue, control of, under Common-

wealth, 93, 94; raised by prerogative,
125; control of bills in Congress, 248.

- See also Benevolences, Taxation.
Rhodes, J. F., cited, 356, 446.
Richardson, J. D., Compilation of Mes-

sages, 321, 388, 446.
Roger of Wendover, on Henry I., 6;

Flowers of History, 6, 26, 447; on

Magna Charta, 25.
Roman Catholics, not to bear arms, 125;

excluded from the crown, 130. — See

also Church, Religion.
Ropes, J. C., 446.

349.

QUA
UARTERING troops, 69–70, 185,

261.
Quorum, of Parliament, 80, 91; of Con-

gress, 247.
Quo warranto, writ, against Massachu-

setts' charter, 143.

R AMSAY, David, on Declaration

of Independence, 191; American
Revolution, 191, 445.
Randolph, C. F., cited, 403, 445.
Ransome, Cyril, cited, 8, 32, 39, 112,

136, 141, 445.
Reconstruction amendments, 373–375;

contemporary exposition, 375–380;

critical comment, 380-387.
Records, legal, amendment, 49–50;

felony to embezzle, 51; power of
Great Seal, 51; of states, faith and

credit to, 206, 257.
Reddaway, W. F., cited, 337, 445.

,
treatment of jurors, 54; Doctor and
Student, 54, 446.
Sanborn, J. T. A., 446.
Schouler, James, cited, 178, 332, 354,

446.
Schurz, Carl, cited, 406, 446.
Scots, king of, an English vassal, 22.
Scutages, to be laid by General Council,

13.
Sectionalism, dangers to the Union, 293.
Senate, elections, 246, 247; equal state

representation, 246; term, 246 ; organ-
ization, 246, 247; qualifications, 246,
374; presiding officer, 247; powers,
247, 248, 254, 255, 264. — See also

Congress.
Separation of powers, 81, 167, 171, 172,

207, 248, 297.
Services, lawful, 14; military, abroad,

45 ; public, regulation, 167.
Sewall, J. M., on Washington's Farewell

Address, 306.
Slavery, reference struck from Declara.

tion of Independence, 192; in terri-
tories, 236, 375; representation, 245;
fugitive slaves, 258, 360–361; under
the Constitution, 350; compensated

343-344; DRED Scott Decision,

340–349.
Sureties, when liable, 12.

OF

emancipation, 359, 361; slaves in rebel
states emancipated, 359–364 ; abol-
ished, 373. - See also Negroes, Slave

trade.
Slave trade, regnlation, 251.
Smith, E. P., cited, 279.
Socage, tenure, 17.
Sovereignty, state and national, 205,

215, 259, 315, 317.
Spain, war with United States, 388-

391; peace, 392, 398.
Sparks, Jared, cited, 309.
Speaker, House to choose, 246.
Spence, George, cited, 56, 446.
Stamp Act, subverts rights of colonies,

156; burdensome, 157; Franklin on,

158.- See also Colonies.
Stamp-Act Congress, DECLARATION

OF RIGHTS AND GRIEVANCES
THE COLONISTS IN AMERICA, 155-

157.
Standing army, of Commonwealth, 93;

illegal, 125; dangers, 169, 292 ; and
civil power, 84, 169, 185; kept in col-
onies, 183; forbidden, 208, 252.
States, advised to form governments,

171-173; residual powers in, 205, 263;
equal vote in Confederation, 207; in
Senate, 246, 259; limitation of powers,
207-208, 252, 314-315,374-375 ; militia,
208, 250; requisitions on, 209, 212;
disputes between, settlement under
Confederation, 210; new, 235-236, 258;
national protection of, 258; suits
against, 263; no control over federal
powers, 315; sovereignty, 205, 259,

315, 317; citizenship, 313, 373.
STATUTE, 8 HENRY VI., CAP. 12,

text, 49-51; contemporary ex position,

51-54; critical comment, 57-65.
Statutes at Large, 49, 446.
Statutes of the Realm, 2, 9, 13, 67, 115,

122, 138, 446.
Statutum de Tallagio non concedendo,

claimed, 67.
Stevens, C. E., cited, 65, 136, 225, 281,

416.
Story, Joseph, cited, 197, 220, 274, 318,

416.
Stubbs, William, Select Charters, 1,

67 ; cited, 7, 29, 38, 46, 446.
Suffrage, qualifications, 89-90, 167; in

the United States, 375. - See also

Elections.
SUMMONS TO PARLIAMENT, text, 34-35;

contemporary exposition, 35-37; criti-

cal comment, 37-41.
Sumner, W. G., cited, 319, 404, 446.
Supreme Court, jurisdiction, 256 ;

McCulloch vs. MARYLAND, 312-316;
to interpret Constitution, 313-316,

TA
VALLAGE, and representation, 67.

Taney, R. B., delivers Dred Scott
decision, 340; criticised, 350–352.
Tarbell, Ida M., cited, 371, 416.
Taswell-Langmead, J. P., cited, 31, 38,

46, 60, 103, 119, 134, 446.
Taxation, and representation, 44, 67, 86,

156, 159, 160, 162, 168, 185, 215; di-
rect, apportioned, 215, 251; control of,
249; necessary,

239.

See also Aids.
Taylor, Hannis, cited, 47, 63, 75, 103,

121, 135, 416.
Territory, control of, 258; slavery in,

345, 349; why acquired, 348 ; as prop-
erty, 349. - See also Northwest Terri-

tory.
THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT, text, 373;

contemporary exposition, 375–380 ;

critical comment, 380-387.
Thomas, B. F., call for emancipation,

365.
Thorpe, F. N., cited, 179, 283, 446.
Thwaites, R. G., cited, 153, 446.
Tonnage duties, control, 252.
Transportation of prisoners, forbidden,

117; a grievance of colonies, 185.
Treason, no pardon for, 86; high, to fail

to summon Parliament, 90 ; rights
of those accused of felony or, 116;
against the United States, 257.
Treaties, control, 207, 209, 252, 255; su-
preme law, 259.

- See also Foreign
relations.
Trial, by peers, 15, 18, 68, 168, 234;

rights of accused, 262. See also Jury.
Tucker, G. F., cited, 333, 417.
Tucker, Dr. Josiah, on taxing colonies,

161; Letter from a Merchant, 161, 447.

,
205, 215; declared independent,
186-187; government by delegated
powers, 205, 263, 313: sovereignty,
215, 259, 315, 317; admission of new
states, 258; guaranty to states, 258;
value of the Union, 290-292; preser-
vation, 293-301; foreign policy, 300-
305, 322-328, 401; preservation of,
object of Civil War, 358: citizen-
ship, 373; disqualification for office,
374: suffrage, 375; war with Spain,
388-391, 392, 398; attitude and duty
to Cuba, 389-394; and the colonies,
391-401; problems, 399. — See also
Confederation, Congress, Constitution.

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