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into à circular battery; for, although as from the persons bred in an English ships of war, as at present, are ex. Dock-yard. tremely formidable from a broadside A Superintendant of Equipment for battery, they are very vulnerable, in- rigging and sails, as well as placing deed almost defenceless, at the extre the machinery, for which the British mitier; and effective force should be Navy affords persoús peculiarly well considered the most essential quality qualified. in a floating fortress *.
A Master of the Ordnance, who To construct good ships of war, the should not only have the guns, pownumber and nature of the guos, men, der, and magazines, under his direcprovisions, and stores, must be ascer tion, but be acquainted with the natained, from which a floating fortress ture and effect of military projectiles, should be formed so as to conibine the force of ignited gunpowder, and strength and duration with velocity the resistance of solids. To which iu sailing, celerity in working, capa- should be added, city for stowage of men and provision, A Civil Engineer, to have the conand stability to carry sail with the struction of docks, storehouses, and ports such a height above the water all other buildings. These members as to be able to use the guns in any to form a body on particular occaweather. To unite these qualities sions, but to be individually responon scientific principles, and to remove sible for every act done in the sepathe evils so long and justly complain. rate branches. ed of, it appears the most effectual remedy would be to render the de. Mr. URBAN, Southampton, Mar:13. partment of construction entirely dis S a Correspondent (in your naval service, at the head of which you for information on one subject; should be placed the Admiral of the it is but doing you justice to refer Fleet, or some person of high rank him to your valuable pages for what aud authority, with active talent, and he may therein find on another, which sound judgment, as director general, has occasioned some indignation, be with the following officers :
says, and apparently some suspicion An Inspector of Construction, who, in his mind of unfair dealing with rewith competent assistants, should se spect to the character of one whom Ject Timber as to its growth, and pre. he greatly admires. pare it for use, which, with all other I have myself had no opportanity inaterials, should be proved by the test of reading Bishop Taylor's “ Liberty of experiment, as to strength, specific of Prophesying” through and through; gravity, and duration, as well as the but in your volume LXI. p. 313, he component parts of ligneous bodies, may fiud one who has, and with very and the action of fluids
tbe different success from what has at. tals used in combination.
tended his own search ; and who A Naval Architect, to whom should gives the extract, compared with Dr. be allotted the formation of ships as Franklin's Parable against Persecu. depending on the resistance of fluids, tion, as occurring" at the close” of the floatation of bodies at rest and in the Bishop's work alluded to. This motion, with a just combination of the letter also refers to other communiparls to produce a complete whole, cations on the subject in some preand from the centre of gravity and ceding volumes, which will probably metecenter, to ascertain the position afford Dr. Hodgson, if not proofs of and proportion for masts and yards. any pitiful political maneuvre to
A Surveyor of workmanship in fit- blacken his character,” -some pretty 'ting and uniting the materials for the strong evidence that (as your Corbuilding of ships, which cannot any respondent in 1791 observes) “ Dr. where be better or so well selected Franklio cannot reasonably be sup
posed to claim, in this case, the merit * Such ships with a circular stern, of an Original Compositor.” without a counter, should have hawze
Yours, &c. THOMAS MEARS *. holes abaft; as it must be recollected that, both at the Nile and Copenhagen, from another Correspondent in our last,
* See a communication on this subject Lord Nelson, like St. Paul, anchored by page 213 ; and see also in this month, the stern.
P. 317. EDIT,
Mr. URBAN, Shrewsbury, Feb. 21.
and Powis's. Of this once famous Me enclosed View of the Abbey Abbey, the present remains are small:
Church, Shrewsbury,(see Platel.) of the Chapter-house, Cloister, aud with the accompanying account, í Refectory, not a single vestige rehope, will be deemed worthy a niche nains. The Church of the Abbey in pour Cabinet of Antiquities.
appears to have been spacious and The great initred Abbey of St. Pe magnificent, but great devastations ter and St. Paul, founded A. D. 1083, were made at the Dissolution. The by Roger de Montgoniery, Earl of nave, Westeru tower, and Northern Shrewsbury, was built on the site porch remain, under coosiderable of a timber Church, erected by Si mutilation, but of the choir, tran. ward, who exchanged with the Earl sept, and chapels, scarce a fragruent for the village of Langafielda, which remains. The great Western aile, or Siward at his death bequeathed to the nave, from its earliest date, was ap new foundation. It was peopied with propriated as the parish church, for Benedictine mooks from Seez in Nor- the use of the neighbouriug inhabia mandy. The Earl endowed the house tants; and this probably prevented largely, and encouraged all over whom the entire destruction of the building. he had any influence to contribute In Queen Elizabeth's time the church liberally. Roger himself, with the was made parochial, and called the permission of his lady Adelisa, was Church of the Holy Cross, which shorn, and became a monk of his own naine it still retains. The Western Abbey, and enriched it with the coat part, represented in the annexed View, of St. Hugh,of the monastery of Cluni; is the most entire. The Tower, though which precious relick the Earl himself plain, is finely proportioned; the ensometimes wore. The founder died trance a round Norman arch recessed, in 1094, and was baried here; as was and a Pointed arch inserted within it, Hugh his son, slain in the Isle of An- undoubtedly of later date. In a uiche glesey. The first Abbot of this house on each side the great West window was Fulcheredus, said to have been a were formerly statues of St. Peter and mau of great eloquence. Robert Pen- St. Paol. Between the bell-windows, nant, the fourth Abbot, obtained, within a niche, is a statue, which has with great difficuity, the reliques of been generally supposed to be the St. Wenefrede, and enshrined them, founder, Roger de Montgomery ; but which added much to the emolument others, with more probability, conjecof the Abbey (for an account of St. ture it to be King Edward the Third, Wenefrede, see vol. LXXIV, p. 717.) pot merely from the costume of the Thomas Butler was the last Abbot: figure, but from the tower having he appears to have been rather a tool been erected about that period. In this to the Dissolution party, by whoin he tower formerly hung the great bell was rewarded with an annuity of 801. of St. Wenefrede, thus inscribed : At the general Dissolution, Dr. Lee, Sancta Denefreda, Deo hoc commen. and Masters Kendle, Harley, &c. the vare memento, King's Commissioners, were sent Pt pietate sua, nos servet ab boste down. They convened the Abbot cruento, and Monks to the Chapter-house, This caused some deeds to be signed with 1673,
sed ditto dlae year
it was sold towards de the common seal of the house, then fraying the expence of a new peal of ordered an officer to break it, and de- & bells. The interior of the Church, clared the convent to be dissolved. though in so mutilated a state, retains The Revenues were valued by Duy- a solemn grasdeur. On each side the dale at 5321. As. 10d. and by Speed at middle aile (the ancient nave) are five 656l. 48. 3d. The site of the Abbey, arches, which separate it from the with its buildings, was purchased by side ailes. The two which join to E. Watson, esq. and W. Herdsoil, a the tower are pointed, as are the win. tanner, dealers in Monastic plunder, dows over them. The other arches and soon after sold to W. Langley, of are semicircular, with immense round Salop, tailor; and it continued in that pillars, short and plain. Above was a family till 1702, since which it has gallery of smaller arches in the same Leen in possession of the Baldwins style. Within the second arcb from GENT. MAG. April, 1813.
the West and are vestiges of what is sent of his Countess ADELAISA, be ea. supposed to have been an ancient chan tered into Holy Orders, and was shorn a try Chapel : there are several niches, Monk of this his own foundation, where but much mutilated, and the statues
he lies interred. He died July 27tha gone. The Church bas of late been
1094.” very judiciously improved and deco
Of tbe modern monumental memorated, by the addition of a handsome rials, the following seem mosi worthy new, organ, placed on an appropriate of notice: Gothic screen ; and likewise with an
On a handsome monument against East window of stained glass. In the
the East wall of th chancel : centre compartments are large figares Richardi Prynce, equitis aurati, nec
" M. S. Of St, Peter and St. Paul; above are the aims of England, the see of Lich
non suæ conjugis Mariæ, filiæ Gwat, field, the founder of the Abbey, and
Wrottesly de Wrottesly in agro Stafford. of Lord Berwick, the patron of the armigeri. Ille optimus maritus, hæc ux
or consummatissima: pietatis in Deum, living; on each side are the arms of in Regem fidei, in Vicinos benevolentiæ, the Vicars, frono the year 1500. In diu in hac parochia inclaruerunt exthe East window of the South aile are
empla. Iniquissimis temporibus, grasthree ancient shields, England and sante sanguineâ belli civilis rabie, rem France quarterly-Roger de Mont- familiarem illi a majoribus demissam, gomery--the sword and keys-sym. sed per infortunia Fratris minus providi bols of the patron saints. In the cor penè elapsam, inter aliorum fraudes et responding window on the North side rapinas, honestis artibus et laudanda are the arms of Mortimer, Beau
solertia ita redintegravit, et auxit, champ, Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury,
ut numerosam prolem, natos scilicet and Filz Alan quartering Maltravers.
duos natasque octo, ipsi superstites, The font near the West entrance is ingenuè et piè educavit, dote sat amplá very ancient, and has the appearance
ditavit. Hisce peractis, bonorum operum of the capital of a large Norman pil semper memor, inopum fautor, pacis
custos, justitiæ vindex, legum assertor, lar, supported by a part of the shaît.
animam tandem Deo, corpus terræ Near the North door is another very
reddidit, anno Dom. 1665, ætat. 76, elegant font, lately removed from the Hæredem reliquit Philippum filium, Abbey garden.
cum Elizabethâ, filia Johannis Banks, The ancient monuments and brasses equitis aurati, Comnunium Placitorum are all gone, excepting a figure in Justiciarii Capitalis, serenissimæ mail, at the East end of the south Maj. Car. I. à secretioribus Consilijs, aile, placed there by his Majesty's in matrimonio conjunctum; qui cum Heralds ai arms, at their Visitation per plura in Patris vestigiis pr .... of the county in 1622, with the follow.. et progeniem omnem sublatam ing inscription:
deplorasset, a charissima consorte, dis
solvi et esse cum Christo indies exoptante, ir The Figure underneath, which was at first placed within the MONASTERY OF aliquandiu sejunctus, obijt an. Dom.
1690. æt. 60." St. Peter and St. Paul, and was afterwards found in the ruins, was removed
Arms: Gules, a saltire Or, surhither by directions of his Majesty's He- mounted of a cross engrailed Ermine.-ralds at Arms, in their Visitation of this Crest, out of a ducal coronet Or, a County, 1622, to remain (as it was origi- . cubit-arm habited Gules, cuffed Ernally intended) in perpetual memory of mine, holding in the band proper $ Roger
MONTGOMERY, Earl of pine-apples of the first, stalked anđ SUREWSBURY, who was kinsman to the leaved Vert. Conqueror, and one of his chief Com
On a neat marble monument, against wanders in the victorious battle of Has
the East wall. tings. He erected many useful build.
66 H. S. E. ing's here, both publick and private; and
Edwardus Baldwin, armiger, not only fortified this town with walls, but built the Castle on the Isthmus. As
et Comitatus Salopiensis ad pacem also the Castles of LUDLOW and BRIDG
Justiciarius. NORTH, with the monastery of Wenlock.
generoså et antiqua stirpe ortus, He founded and endowed in an ample didit. Dotibus ingenij egregijs ornatus,
natales virtutibus suis illustriores redDianner this large Benedictine Abbey ; and, wken advanced in years, by the COIL
tum libros, tum bomines perspectos habuit, quorum inter lectissimos