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Mr. URBAN, Shrewsbury, Feb. 21.

and Powis's. Of this once famous Me enclosed View of the Abbey Abbey, the present remains are small:

Church, Shrewsbury,(see Platel.) of the Chapter-house, Cloister, aud with the accompanying account, í Refectory, not a single vestige rehope, will be deemed worthy a niche nains. The Church of the Abbey in pour Cabinet of Antiquities.

appears to have been spacious and The great initred Abbey of St. Pe magnificent, but great devastations ter and St. Paul, founded A. D. 1083, were made at the Dissolution. The by Roger de Montgoniery, Earl of nave, Westeru tower, and Northern Shrewsbury, was built on the site porch remain, under coosiderable of a timber Church, erected by Si mutilation, but of the choir, tran. ward, who exchanged with the Earl sept, and chapels, scarce a fragruent for the village of Langafielda, which remains. The great Western aile, or Siward at his death bequeathed to the nave, from its earliest date, was ap new foundation. It was peopied with propriated as the parish church, for Benedictine mooks from Seez in Nor- the use of the neighbouriug inhabia mandy. The Earl endowed the house tants; and this probably prevented largely, and encouraged all over whom the entire destruction of the building. he had any influence to contribute In Queen Elizabeth's time the church liberally. Roger himself, with the was made parochial, and called the permission of his lady Adelisa, was Church of the Holy Cross, which shorn, and became a monk of his own naine it still retains. The Western Abbey, and enriched it with the coat part, represented in the annexed View, of St. Hugh,of the monastery of Cluni; is the most entire. The Tower, though which precious relick the Earl himself plain, is finely proportioned; the ensometimes wore. The founder died trance a round Norman arch recessed, in 1094, and was baried here; as was and a Pointed arch inserted within it, Hugh his son, slain in the Isle of An- undoubtedly of later date. In a uiche glesey. The first Abbot of this house on each side the great West window was Fulcheredus, said to have been a were formerly statues of St. Peter and mau of great eloquence. Robert Pen- St. Paol. Between the bell-windows, nant, the fourth Abbot, obtained, within a niche, is a statue, which has with great difficuity, the reliques of been generally supposed to be the St. Wenefrede, and enshrined them, founder, Roger de Montgomery ; but which added much to the emolument others, with more probability, conjecof the Abbey (for an account of St. ture it to be King Edward the Third, Wenefrede, see vol. LXXIV, p. 717.) pot merely from the costume of the Thomas Butler was the last Abbot: figure, but from the tower having he appears to have been rather a tool been erected about that period. In this to the Dissolution party, by whoin he tower formerly hung the great bell was rewarded with an annuity of 801. of St. Wenefrede, thus inscribed : At the general Dissolution, Dr. Lee, Sancta Denefreda, Deo hoc commen. and Masters Kendle, Harley, &c. the vare memento, King's Commissioners, were sent Pt pietate sua, nos servet ab boste down. They convened the Abbot cruento, and Monks to the Chapter-house, This caused some deeds to be signed with 1673,

sed ditto dlae year

it was sold towards de the common seal of the house, then fraying the expence of a new peal of ordered an officer to break it, and de- & bells. The interior of the Church, clared the convent to be dissolved. though in so mutilated a state, retains The Revenues were valued by Duy- a solemn grasdeur. On each side the dale at 5321. As. 10d. and by Speed at middle aile (the ancient nave) are five 656l. 48. 3d. The site of the Abbey, arches, which separate it from the with its buildings, was purchased by side ailes. The two which join to E. Watson, esq. and W. Herdsoil, a the tower are pointed, as are the win. tanner, dealers in Monastic plunder, dows over them. The other arches and soon after sold to W. Langley, of are semicircular, with immense round Salop, tailor; and it continued in that pillars, short and plain. Above was a family till 1702, since which it has gallery of smaller arches in the same Leen in possession of the Baldwins style. Within the second arcb from GENT. MAG. April, 1813.

the the West and are vestiges of what is sent of his Countess ADELAISA, be ea. supposed to have been an ancient chan- tered into Holy Orders, and was shorn a try Chapel : there are several niches, Monk of this his own foundation, where but much mutilated, and the statues


he lies interred. He died July 27tha gone. The Church bas of late been

1094.” very judiciously improved and deco

Of tbe modern monumental memorated, by the addition of a handsome rials, the following seem mosi worthy new, organ, placed on an appropriate of notice: Gothic screen ; and likewise with an

On a handsome monument against East window of stained glass. In the

the East wall of th chancel : centre compartments are large figares Richardi Prynce, equitis aurati, nec

" M. S. Of St, Peter and St. Paul; above are the aims of England, the see of Lich

non suæ conjugis Mariæ, filiæ Gwat, field, the founder of the Abbey, and

Wrottesly de Wrottesly in agro Stafford. of Lord Berwick, the patron of the armigeri. Ille optimus maritus, hæc ux

or consummatissima: pietatis in Deum, living; on each side are the arms of in Regem fidei, in Vicinos benevolentiæ, the Vicars, frono the year 1500. In diu in hac parochia inclaruerunt exthe East window of the South aile are

empla. Iniquissimis temporibus, grasthree ancient shields, England and sante sanguineâ belli civilis rabie, rem France quarterly-Roger de Mont- familiarem illi a majoribus demissam, gomery--the sword and keys-sym. sed per infortunia Fratris minus providi bols of the patron saints. In the cor- penè elapsam, inter aliorum fraudes et responding window on the North side rapinas, honestis artibus et laudanda are the arms of Mortimer, Beau

solertia ita redintegravit, et auxit, champ, Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury,

ut numerosam prolem, natos scilicet and Filz Alan quartering Maltravers.

duos natasque octo, ipsi superstites, The font near the West entrance is ingenuè et piè educavit, dote sat amplá very ancient, and has the appearance

ditavit. Hisce peractis, bonorum operum of the capital of a large Norman pil semper memor, inopum fautor, pacis

custos, justitiæ vindex, legum assertor, lar, supported by a part of the shaît.

animam tandem Deo, corpus terræ Near the North door is another very

reddidit, anno Dom. 1665, ætat. 76, elegant font, lately removed from the Hæredem reliquit Philippum filium, Abbey garden.

cum Elizabethâ, filia Johannis Banks, The ancient monuments and brasses equitis aurati, Comnunium Placitorum are all gone, excepting a figure in Justiciarii Capitalis, serenissimæ mail, at the East end of the south Maj. Car. I. à secretioribus Consilijs, aile, placed there by his Majesty's in matrimonio conjunctum; qui cum Heralds ai arms, at their Visitation per plura in Patris vestigiis pr .... of the county in 1622, with the follow.. et progeniem omnem sublatam ing inscription:

deplorasset, a charissima consorte, dis

solvi et esse cum Christo indies exoptante, ir The Figure underneath, which was at first placed within the MONASTERY OF aliquandiu sejunctus, obijt an. Dom.

1690. æt. 60." St. Peter and St. Paul, and was afterwards found in the ruins, was removed

Arms: Gules, a saltire Or, surhither by directions of his Majesty's He- mounted of a cross engrailed Ermine.-ralds at Arms, in their Visitation of this Crest, out of a ducal coronet Or, a County, 1622, to remain (as it was origi- . cubit-arm habited Gules, cuffed Ernally intended) in perpetual memory of mine, holding in the band proper $ Roger

MONTGOMERY, Earl of pine-apples of the first, stalked anđ SUREWSBURY, who was kinsman to the leaved Vert. Conqueror, and one of his chief Com

On a neat marble monument, against wanders in the victorious battle of Has

the East wall. tings. He erected many useful build.

66 H. S. E. ing's here, both publick and private; and

Edwardus Baldwin, armiger, not only fortified this town with walls, but built the Castle on the Isthmus. As

et Comitatus Salopiensis ad pacem also the Castles of LUDLOW and BRIDG

Justiciarius. NORTH, with the monastery of Wenlock.

generoså et antiqua stirpe ortus, He founded and endowed in an ample didit. Dotibus ingenij egregijs ornatus,

natales virtutibus suis illustriores redDianner this large Benedictine Abbey ; and, wken advanced in years, by the COIL

tum libros, tum bomines perspectos habuit, quorum inter lectissimos




innocuas societatis delicias nemo Arms: Or, 3 chess-rooks, and a benignius exhibuit, aut elegantius deguse chief embattled Sable ; impaling, Ar tavit; quippe quædam concinitas per- gent, a lion rampant Sable, a canton spicua et erudita

of the second. ---Crest : On a rock (nec sine decorà gravitate)

proper a martlet, Or. sermonibus inerat,

On a neat monument against the quæ socios de lectavit et detinuit.

North wall :
Adeo deniq. se omnibus commendavit,

is Sacred to the memory
ab omni perturbatione animi

of Thomas Jenkins, esq.

and of Gertrude his wife. judicio perspicax, consilio promptus,

This Monument, agendo efficax,

erected in obedience to her last will, ut omnes amicum sibi certatim

and designed by her as a tribute of re. arripuerint. Amplissimis clientelis,

spect to his virtues,

remains at the same time bonorum amicitijs,

an instance and memorial opibus non exiguis,

of her own." beatus vixit, desideratus obijt

On a vase at the top of the monument: anno ætatis suæ 64, MDCCXXXV.

“ T. J. died 29 Dec. 1730, aged 53. Soror ejus, Thomæ Powys de Berwick,

G. J. died 28 Oct. 1767, aged 84.” arm'. in agro Salopiensi, conjux,

Arms: Or, a lion ranipant regar.. grato animo hoc memoriæ charissimi fratris sacrum posuit.”

dapt Sable; impaling, Argent, on a Arms: Argent, a saltire Sable.- bend Gales, cotised Sable, 3 pair of Motto: Per Deum meum transilio wings conjoined aud in verled 'of the

first. murum.

On a plain stone against the South Inscriptions on plain stones in the wall :

chancel floor. " Infrà

“ This stone is placed in memory of depositæ sunt

William Prince, esq. reliquiæ Johannis Waters

whose body lies buried here. et Margaritæ thalaini consortis, He died 20th October 1703, aged 40. Illa

Feb. 17, 1727.

Here also lies the body of his relict
Xbris 27, 1732.

M. Frances Prince,
Innocuos ambos, cultores Numinis whose singular virtues and extensive cha.

rity, justly gained her universal esteem. On a monument against the South

She departed this life wall:

3d Nov. 1721, aged 47 ; M. S.

whereby the Poor are deprived of Heic juxta jacet

a most tender friend and liberal

Thomas Rock, armig.
vita functus Jan. 3,

Also Frances, their only daughter, relict of ætat. 62,

Andrew Corbett, of Morton Corbett, esq. Dom. 1678.

who died Nov. 21, 1760, aged 59." En, Lector,

“ Here lie cinerem non vulgarem,

the remains of virum vere magnum;

Judith Prince, si prisca fides, pietasq' primeva,

of the ancient family of the Princes, si amicitiæ fædera strictissima,

who died, the last of that name, si pectus candidam et sincerum,

August the 17th, 1733." ac integerrima vita

“ Here lyes virum vere magnum conflare poterint. Fr. Gibbons, D.D. chaplain to K. Charles, En hominem cordatuna !

and minister of this parish, calamitose Majestatis,

who died 7th Jan. 1639; furente nuperå Perduellium rabie, also his youngest son James Gibbons, esq. strenuum assertoreni,

who faithfully served Three Kings in a obstinatum vindicem.

Civil employment,
En animæ generosæ quantillum erga-

and died 21st Nov. 1712."

« Deposite sunt in hoc tumulo O charum Deo depositum,

exuviæ Annæ Pearson,
vestrum ......
quam inopes,

quæ fide Christi religiosè vixit ; vestrum quotcunq'.boni,

et spe beatæ resurrectionis dolorem inconsolabilem,

aniinam piè et lætè efflavit desideriuin in omne ævum irreparabile,"

die uqpo Junij 1721,


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M. s.

“ Charl and Loubridge hundred, paSamuelis Pearson, A. M.

rish of Willesborough, manor of Sotherhujus ecclesiæ

tons, alias Willesborough.-Street-end per 5.1 annos Pastoris,

was once a house of good account in this qui obijt

parish, as having been the residence of 16 die Novembris

the family of Master for several generaSalutis 1727.

tions. The first of them who came into anno Ætatis suæ 80.

this county, in the reign of King Henry Resuirgam."

VIII. was Richard Master, whose son On a neat marble tablet:

Robert was settled at this seat of Street“ Sacred to the memory

end, in Willesborough. He left issue two of Nathaniel Betton,

sons, the eldest of whom, Edward, sucwho died Nov. 29th, 1800, aged 61 years.

ceeded him here; and Richard was phyAlso of John Betton (son of the above)

sician to. Queen Elizabeth, and ances

tor to the Masters in Cirencester, co. Captain in his Majesty's 3d Dragoon Guards,

Gloucester, Edward left a son Robert, who died Nov. 20th 1809,

who was of Willesborough, gent, and at Merida in Spain, aged 31 years."

dying possessed of this seat in 1616, was

buried there. He left issue several sons These are the principal memorials and daughters; the eldest of whom, in this sacred mansion of the dead. Michael Master, gent. resided here, and The elegant stone pulpit in the Abbey died possessed of this eat in 1632, leavGarden, with the scatiered fragments ing by bis wife Elizabeth, daughter of of different parts of this once poble John Hall, of this parish, esq. four sons Abbey, will probably occupy a future and two daughters; of whom Edward the page in your Literary Museum. eldest son became, by his father's will,

D. PARKES. Yours, &c.

entitled to this seat, and married in 1627 Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Choute,

of Hinxhill, esq.* ; who after his decease : Mr. URBAN, Churn, March 22. joined with Elizabeth, her daughter and N reading some account of the fa. heir, in the sale of it to Nicholas Carter,

alienated two-thirds of this estate to in his History of Cirencester, it occurred to me that one of Otway's the other third of it in 1754 to bis son,

William Tournay, of Ashford, gent, and Tragedies was fouoded on an event

Mr. Robert Tournay of Hythe, who is which happened in that family. As this circumstance is not generally seat and estate belonging to it.”

the present owner of the site of this known, I send you an extract relating

Yours, &c.

S. W. to it from Hasted's voluminous Hise tory of Kent, (III. 276.) thinking it Mr. URBAN,

March 2. may prove interesting to some of your

N the perusal of the last Volume readers.

, ;


* “ Michael Master, by his Will in the Prerogative Offire, Canterbury, ordered himself to be buried in the Church-yard of Willesborough, in the East corner there, behind the church porch, where most of his ancestors had been buried. He wills his estates to his son Edward, in tail male ; remainder to his second son William, omitting bis third son, Robert, whom he styles his disobedient son; he gives the remainder in like tail to bis youngest son, Michael, &c. and mentions his upper house called Sprotts, with the 140 acres of land belonging to it, in which bis cousin Edward Backe lived, which he devizes in like manner. William, the second son, above-mentioned, at the age of 28 years, anno 1634, was, as the tradition goes, on his wedding day, while at dinner, murdered by his younger brother Robert, who was in love with his bride, and whom his father styles in bis will his disobe dient son, and was buried under a tomb in this church-yard, a few feet distant from the church purch, on the South side of it. The greatest part of the inscription, though now wholly obliterated, was remaining within these few years. The murderer immediately fled, and was never heard of; but is supposed to have see cretly returned, and to have tried to efface the inscription, as there appeared several words erased of it, and was prevented doing it by some people's going tłwough the church-yard, whilst he was employed about it. The hint of the plot of Otway's tragedy of The Orphan is said to bave been taken from this unhappy cient," &e.


much amused by the notices of Mr. Indeed, Horne Tooke (who was no
Hasted's History of Kent from the stripling amongst men of Literature)
pen of Litterator, at pp. 104 and 205. discountenances most decidedly the
'In the first of these articles your Cor- censures which have been thrown on
respondent speaks of that work as a what are called the tautologies of
'great topographical production, which Lawyers. And it is my humble opi-
has much merit, and is a wonderful nion that not obly the work of Mr.
performance in the article of gene- Hasted, but every other work of the
alogies; but corrects the extrava- kind, from the almost too much ido-
gance of this compliment by observ- lized Dugdale's Warwickshire, down
ing, that Mr. Hasted wanted all the to the last work which has been pub-
higher qualities of an Historian, and lished on the subject of Topography,
unmercifully cuts him down in the would have been better executed
second article (in a sort of an apology (however highly they may now be,
for the unfinished state in which the or deserve to be, complimented) if the
first article made its appearance) by writers had found a more liberal ac-
telling us that Mr. Hasied has no va- cess than is generally given, to those
riety: that all his work is reduced to documenis of territorial proprietors,
one doll narrative, consisting of little which have been the compilations of
*more than a dull deduction of the Attorneys.
proprietors of manors in a kind of But yourCorrespondent has in truth
language which forins nothing like a been very unfortunate in his selection
style, bui savours most of the tech- of an object of attack amongst the
iniculilies of an Attorney's office: thai Topographers; and not less so in his
any traits of manners, or illustrations own grounds of making the attack:
of the characters of individuals, never for in what part of Mr. Hasted's work
engage his remark or attention : and are we amused or disgusted with
that with him one man only differs copies of rent-rolis; even supposing
from another bg his name, the date (which I deny) that it were a bad
of his birth and death, and the fa- choice of materials to josert such
mily into which he married, unless information as Rent-rolls afford in
we add his rent-roll, and the specific works of Topography? They tell us
cation of the manors of which he was for what rent ihe land let, or they
the owner.

tell us what stuck it maintained ; and
Now I do not wish, on the present thereby enable us by comparison to
occasion, Mr. Urban, to enter into judge of the alteration in the value
an elaborale defence of the utility of of money as a circulating medium in
County Histories, or to enlarge on the the transaction of business ; and the
information and entertainment which, changes in the cultivation of the
when well executed, they are adapted country between former times and
to offer : but this I must beg leave to the present. And this is just as well
observe, that I find it difficult to be worth knowing, as that Henry VIII.
lieve that any man who has compared was profligate in his pleasures, and
the various County Histories pub- cruel in his resentments; or thať Sir
lished in this Kingdom during the two Dudley Digges was Master of the
last centuries can, without some ex- Rolls.
traordinary prejudice in his judgment, As to genealogies of families, I shall
have singled out Hasted's History of say little. Few men who can trace a
Kent as the one pre-eminent for its respectable ancestry think the recol-

lection of their forefathers a subject The dry and tedious memorials of to be despised ; and those who by Manorial descent, and of the genea- their own exertions and industry have logics of families, have invariably laid the foundation of a name for formed the leading features of such themselves that will carry them down undertakings: and an accurate kauw- the stream of time with honour, bave ledge of the technicalities of an attor- generally a laudable ambition to be ney's office; however contemptible remembered by their posterity: and they may appear in the eyes of your these feelings will not be shaken by Correspondent, are amongst the essen- the sneers of modern Philosophy. tial qualifications for ive compilation Yours, &c. of works of this description.)




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