The Republic

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Cosimo, Inc., Jan 1, 2008 - Philosophy - 288 pages
It is the first expression of the concept of a Utopia, a perfect society. It is the first thoughtful examination of the concept of an inner life. It is the classic discussion of concepts of justice. It is a profoundly reflective work on the nature of philosophy itself. It is 2,300 years old, and one of the greatest books humanity has ever produced. Written around 360 B.C., The Republicby the Greek philosopher and mathematician PLATO (c. 428 B.C.c. 347 B.C.)is the foundational work of Western thought, with notable influences on thinkers and writers as diverse as Shakespeare, Saint Augustine, and Bertrand Russell. It is impossible to overstate its importance, and its wisdom is so intense, wide-ranging, and often seemingly contradictory that it continues to generate heated debate, even controversy, to this day. Essential reading for anyone who wishes to consider him- or herself educated, this is the unabridged Republic presented in the highly readable 1894 translation by Benjamin Jowett.
 

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Love it. A slightly hard read due to being translated from various languages and writing styles, but a good book. It basically tells of the concepts to create a perfect Republic. Each time a concept is introduced, it is examined from multiple angles and if it doesn't hold up, it gets thrown out in most cases. And similar to today, some things are kept as part of the better of two possibly bad choices. The book opens in the first 2 chapters to pose the question..... "If you could start a country right now with less than 50 people, how would you do it and why?" considering population, economy, education, war, luxury, protection, networking with other countries ect...... How would you do it? 

Selected pages

Contents

BOOK I
1
BOOK II
30
BOOK III
56
BOOK IV
89
BOOK V
116
BOOK VI
149
BOOK VII
177
BOOK VIII
203
BOOK IX
230
BOOK X
252
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About the author (2008)

Plato was born c. 427 B.C. in Athens, Greece, to an aristocratic family very much involved in political government. Pericles, famous ruler of Athens during its golden age, was Plato's stepfather. Plato was well educated and studied under Socrates, with whom he developed a close friendship. When Socrates was publically executed in 399 B.C., Plato finally distanced himself from a career in Athenian politics, instead becoming one of the greatest philosophers of Western civilization. Plato extended Socrates's inquiries to his students, one of the most famous being Aristotle. Plato's The Republic is an enduring work, discussing justice, the importance of education, and the qualities needed for rulers to succeed. Plato felt governors must be philosophers so they may govern wisely and effectively. Plato founded the Academy, an educational institution dedicated to pursuing philosophic truth. The Academy lasted well into the 6th century A.D., and is the model for all western universities. Its formation is along the lines Plato laid out in The Republic. Many of Plato's essays and writings survive to this day. Plato died in 347 B.C. at the age of 80.

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