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was necessary for sleep, and working and studying alternately through the dav, got along well in all respects. The time was all well employed, which is no small matter to one who wishes to make all the improvement possible.
Straw beds were used by many of the students, and were found to be far superior to feathers in warm weather by all who tried them.
The doctors found but little to do in the seminary, hardly enough to support a church mouse.
The students were most of them a considerable distance from home, and when they got unwell they would discontinue studying, eat moderately of vegetable fare, walk in the open air, and thus get cured. This letting-alone-plan was believed to be much better than the drugging system. To sum up the matter, those who rose early, worked and exercised a good deal, gpd lived on plain vegetable food, learned much more, and felt a great deal better than those who lived in an opposite way; and the former could quite, or nearly, clear their expenses, while the latter were at a considerable expense, and learned less.
I have thus far spoken of the young men. Concerning the young ladies I knew less; but almost all of them boarded themselves, cooked their own food, performed their own washing, kept their rooms in order, and walked frequently in the open air. They appeared very healthy, and I seldom heard of any of them getting ill.
Those who, in obtaining an education, will take a course similar to that which I have described, will find that the time thus spent will ever afterward be looked upon as one of the most profitable and happy of their whole lives.
If such a plan were more generally adopted by those who must either go to school cheaply, or not at all, there would not be so many people as there now are without a good education. Since such a plan is so pleasant and easy, the want of money is no excuse for any one who has health for not attending school.
P. S.—The Whitestown Seminary was formerly a manual labor school, under the able presidentship of the Rev. Beriah Green, who is himself an advocate of vegetable diet. The students.were then required to work a portion of each day; and it is a good deal owing to this, I suppose, that the students still keep up the habit since it was changed from that to the present form. Besides, President Green is in the habit of giving lectures in the village, and sometimes at the seminary, on the subject of health, and the necessity of labor, exercise, and attention to diet, in order to preserve it. that the smell coming from his body was as bad as that of rats poisoned with arsenic. As soon as he found that he had been taking calomel and arsenic, he dismissed the practitioner, and declared he would take no more of his medicine. All of the extremities became nearly powerless, as is common from the effects of arsenic. It was more than a year before they fully regained their power. It was at the time of this illness that he was persuaded to break a little over the rules to which he had been accustomed. He continued to use a little beef-steak about two weeks, but became so nauseated and disgusted with the flesh that he resolved never to eat of it again. On discontinuing its use he grew better. And substituting for it Indian meal gruel, bread, and the free use of fruits, he grew rapidly better in every respect, except the extremities. It was toward two years before his limbs regained their full vigor.
CASE OF JOHN BURDELL, DENTIST, OF NEW YORK.
Mr. Burdell is now forty-four years of age. He was from Oneida County, State of New York. He has resided in this city twenty-two years, before that time always in the country. His parents lived a number of miles distant from neighbors, in a wild part of the country, and the occupation of the male members of the family was clearing of land, farming, and agricultural pursuits generally. His parents were comparatively healthy. On his father's side they predisposed to paralysis; his mother died of apoplexy. Mr. Burdell ate plentifully of flesh meat, as was customary in those times, but the bread eaten was mostly of the coarser forms until his coming to the city.
He was always rather delicate in health; had frequent sick headache with nausea; was habitually costive; and often had nightmare. The first that he ever went to school was when he was sixteen years old.
Mr. Burdell has now been engaged in dentistry twenty years. He lived about two years as people ordinarily do, and then commenced the "vegetarian system," using, however, a little milk and flesh for about one year. He has not eaten flesh more than three weeks in all since that time, now a period of eighteen years. He has used milk he judges not more than one year in the aggregate sime that time, and then only in a slight quantity at intervals.
On commencing the new diet he could perceive that his mind gradually became more clear. Sleep grew better; and his strength of mind he regards remained about the same. Headache appeared to disappear just in proportion as animal substances were given up; and he has not experienced this affection in a single instance, now several years. Constipation, from which he had suffered from a child, became very soon removed. Bodily strength was not materially changed. He can now, he judges, bear more exercise of any kind to which he is accustomed than ever before in his life. He has for years known no such sensation as fatigue; and yet his occupation
Since the above illness, our subject has taken but two meals a day, morning and evening, never touching food of any kind between meals. Having experimentally ascertained the quantity of nutriment required by him, he weighs or measures according to their quality the amount for each meal, so as to be uniform in the quantity taken. His food consists in summer wholly of unholded wheat bread, and fruits of all kinds as they successively appear throughout the season. He regards the indigenous as the best. In winter his table supply is made up with farinaceous, and baked potatoes and apples.
Previously to commencing the vegetarian experiments and bathing, Mr. Burdell was every winter subject to colds; some of which were very severe upon the lungs. He repeatedly experienced pulmonary hemorrhage. He has seldom been troubled with symptoms of the kind since. He thinks taking too much food, even of the simplest kinds, has in some instances caused him to raise streaks of blood.
His daily aliment consists now (September, 1849) of brown wheaten bread sometimes leavened and sometimes unleavened, and peaches. He uses no butter, salt, nor spices of any description. He takes no alcoholic or fermented liquors, no coffee or tea, and does not now recollect when he last took milk or even water, the juices of the fruits meeting and satisfying the demand which is naturally much diminished by the total absence of animal food, salt, and spices, with the febrile excitement they serve to produce. He not only bathes in eold water regularly every morning throughout the year, but sleeps with open windows summer and winter. He has passed most of the days during (he present sickly season in the city. During the three cholera seasons of '32, '34, and '49, he passed on unharmed. It is many years since he has taken the slightest cold, or experienced the least nausea, headache, disorder of the bowels, or indisposition of any kind; and for the last seven years has not omitted a single meal. "He seems," says a friend, '- in perfect health, with skin clear and mildly suffused with a natural tinge in the place of the bloated flush of drunkenness and gluttony; mind unclouded and active; spirits gentle and cheerful; and conversation fluent, easy, and instructive. Altogether he appears a very happy man. His wants, with his mode of life, are few, and require very moderate ends to meet them; these are obtained by industry in the prosecution of his professional pursuits. Much may be learned from this case, and the inference will naturally arise that much sickness, with its attendant calamities, is superinduced among mankind by unintelligent and beast-like indulgence in improper and pernicious articles of food and drink."