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OF

PHYSIOLOGY;

BEING

AN ACCOUNT OF THE LAWS AND PRINCIPLES

OF THE ANIMAL ECONOMY,

ESPECIALLY IN REFERENCE TO THE

CONSTITUTION OF MAN.

BY

THOMAS JOHNSTONE AITKIN, M.D., F.R.C.S.E.

LECTURER ON PHYSIOLOGY AND ON MATERIA MEDICA ; MEMBER OF THE MEDICO-
CHIRURGICAL SOCIETY; EXTRAORDINARY MEMBER OF THE ROYAL

MEDICAL SOCIETY ; FORMERLY PRESIDENT OF
THE ROYAL PHYSICAL SOCIETY,

&c. &c. &c.

“ Shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not ?"

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR SCOTT, WEBSTER, AND GEARY,

36 CHARTERHOUSE SQUARE.

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has it been deemed necessary to cite the different views taken as to the use and modes of action of the various organs, nor particularly to insist upon the reason why the opinion adopted has been preferred.

Were mankind a little better informed than they generally are of the constitution of their own bodies, and knew how fearfully and wonderfully they are made, they would be more careful in avoiding causes that tend to disturb and derange the functions; that induce painful and incurable maladies ; that contribute to shorten the limited period of human life: and we should have fewer miserable and deluded dupes of ignorant pretension and impudent quackery.

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the Digestive Organs-Man a Cooking Animal-Food assimi-

lated to the Temperature of the Body in the Mouth-Teeth,

their Structure and Use in various Animals—The Teeth of

Man, their Form, Number, and Structure-Why there are two

Sets-Motions of the Jaw–Saliva, Composition and Use of

Deglutition--General View of the Alimentary Canal-Stomach

--Duodenum-Small Intestine-Large Intestine-Liver--

Spleen-Pancreas-Organs of Digestion in Carnivorous Ani.

mals—in Ruminants—in Birds Digestive Apparatus of Man

adapted to a greater variety of Food than that of any other

Animal Animal Food, and its proximate principles-Veget-

able Food, and its proximate principles One or other most

suitable to different climates - Concentration, Variety, Con.

sistence, and Quantity influence the Digestibility of Food –

the Skin-From Mucous Membranes — From Serous Mem-

branes-From Cellular Tissue-From the Surfaces of the Joints

- Interstitial Absorption-Its importance in carrying off the

old worn-out particles, and consequent subservience to the

renewal of the different parts of the body-Special Organs of

Absorption-Discovery of—Controversies respecting-Lacteals

and Lymphatics—Their excessive number-Lymphatic Glands

-Their Office-Case of puncture from Dissection-Endosmose

and Exosmose—Venous Absorption-Causes influencing Ab-

sorption-Causes which tend to increase or diminish the risk

from exposure to contagious Diseases....

202-232

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