Active Ingredients Used in Cosmetics: Safety Survey

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Council of Europe, Jan 1, 2008 - Health & Fitness - 440 pages
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Ingredients are used in cosmetics to give them specific properties. Certain ingredients, so called active ingredients, may produce pharmacological or toxic effects under certain conditions. Cosmetic products containing such ingredients may pose a health risk both because of their potential toxicity and because they may mask underlying serious diseases and consequently cause a dangerous delay in diagnosis and treatment.The objective of this study is to give safety information on certain active ingredients which give raise to toxicological concerns and for which restrictions of use in cosmetics should be considered.Monographs were prepared for 45 active ingredients for which no specific regulations exist including, inter alia, information about uses, properties, a risk evaluation of the use in cosmetic products considering as toxicological endpoints both systemic and local effects. Each monograph includes a bibliography, conclusions and recommendations.The study complements a series of three volumes containing monographs about the safety of certain natural ingredients used in cosmetics and will serve as a useful reference in the field, for health authorities, manufacturers and health professionals in particular.
 

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Contents

Menthol
243
Methyl nicotinate
265
Methyl salicylate
277
Miconazole
291
Sodium perborate
303
Persulfate salts
307
Podophyllum peltatum extract
311
Pregnenolone Pregnenolone acetate
325

Balsam of Tolu
61
Caffeine
65
Camphor
79
Chelidonium majus extract
89
Domiphen bromide
97
Econazole
101
Elubiol
107
Glycyrrhetinic acid
113
Escin
119
Esculin
129
Eucalyptol
133
Foeniculum vulgare essential oil
137
Fucus vesiculosus
155
Fumancacid
159
Ibuprofen
163
Iodine organically bound
171
Ketoconazole
179
Kojicacid
195
Melatonin
219
Retinaldehyde
329
Retinol
333
Rutin
343
Sassafras albidum essential oil
347
Stevioside
351
Symphytum officinale extracts
369
Theophylline
375
Tioxolone
381
Tocopherol Tocopherol esters
385
Tranexamic acid
399
Tussilago farfara
403
Urea
409
Usnic acid Usnic acid salts
421
List of abbreviations
425
List of authors
429
Members of the Committee of Experts on Cosmetic Products
433
Index
437
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