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Death of Frederick Henry the Stadtholder, 434; Treaty of Munster, and General

Peace of Westphalia, 435; The House of Burgundy, 436; Great Charter of Hol-

land, 437; Charles V. and Philip II., 437, 438; The Reformation in Friesland

and Holland, 438; Action of the Spanish Government, 439 ; Alliance of the No-

bles, and Origin of the “Gueux," 440; Iconoclasts, 441; Alva in the Nether-

lands, 441; Council of Blood, and Execution of Egmont and Hoorn, 441 ; Cap-

ture of the Brielle, 442; The People refuse to pay Alva's Taxes, 442 ; Haerlem

and Alckmaer besieged, 442 ; Defense of Leyden, and Foundation of its Univers-

ity, 443; Pacification of Ghent, 444; The Union of Utrecht, 445; Dutch Decla-

ration of Independence, 446; The Dutch a self-governing People, 447; Their re.

publican System of Administration, 448; The States General, 449 ; Council of

State, Chamber of Accounts, Stadtholder, and Admiralty, 450 ; The Province of

Holland, 451 ; Industrial and democratic Spirit of the Dutch, 452 ; Municipal

Governments of Holland, 453; Effects of the Dutch System, 454; Doctrine of

State Rights, 455 ; Social and political Results, 455, 456; Prosperity of the

Dutch, 456 ; Extensive Commerce, 457; Free Trade; Universal Toleration, 458 ;

Foreigners attracted; Freedom of the Dutch Press, 459; Illustrious Men and

Artists of the Netherlands, 460; Party Spirit ; the Hoeks and Kabbeljaus, 461 ;

Economy and Frugality; Hospitality and Benevolence, 462 ; Establishment of

free Schools, 462; Influence of Women, 463; Honesty of the Dutch, 463; Their

Firmness and Patriotism, 464.

Commencement of Stuyvesant's Administration, 465; Organization of his Coun-

cil, 466 ; Police and Revenue Regulations, 466, 467; Church in Fort Amster-

dam, 467; Domine Backerus succeeds Bogardus, 468 ; Complaints against Kieft,

468; Dismissed by Stuyvesant, 469; Kuyter and Melyn accused by Kieft, 470;

Convicted and sentenced, 471; Right of Appeal again denied, 472 ; Shipwreck

of the Princess, and Death of Kieft, Bogardus, and others, 472 ; Escape of Kuy-

ter and Melyn, 473; Stuyvesant's Concessions to the People, 474; The "Nine

Men,” 474; Their Duties and Oath of Office, 475; Their Action on Stuyvesant's

first Communication, 476; Forrester, Lady Stirling's Agent, arrested and ban-

ished, 477; Correspondence with New England, 478; Stuyvesant seizes a Ship

at New Haven, 479; Eaton's Retaliation, 480 ; Stuyvesant's Vindication, 481;

Insults of the Swedes on the South River, 482 ; The Savages invite the Dutch

to build on the Schuylkill, 482; Fort Beversrede, 483; The Swedes reproved by

the Savages, 483; Campanius returns to Sweden, 484 ; Plowden again at Man-

hattan, 484; Van Dincklagen and La Montagne at the South River, 485; Vexa-

tious Conduct of the Swedes at Passayunk, and Protests of the Dutch, 486 ; Mu

nicipal Affairs at Manhattan, or New Amsterdam, 487; Recommendations of the

Nine Men; Residence required ; Scotch Merchants, or Peddlers; “Kermis," or

Fair, 489; Contraband Trade in Fire-arms, 490; Van Slechtenhorst at Rensse-

laerswyck, 491; Stuyvesant visits Fort Orange, 491 ; Soldiers sent there, 492 ;

Van Slechtenhorst summoned to Fort Amsterdam, 493 ; Megapolensis and Back-

erus, 494; Popular Discontent at New Amsterdam, 495; Delegation to Holland

proposed by the Nine Men, 495; Correspondence with New England, 496; Stuy-

vesant's Explanations of the Dutch territorial Rights, 497.

Death of Charles I., 498; Threatened Rupture between England and the Nether-

lands, 499; Death of Winthrop, and Correspondence with New England, 499;

The Dutch and other Foreigners forbidden to trade with the New England Sav-

ages, 500; Stuyvesant and the Nine Men, 501 ; Proceedings against Van der

Donck, 502 ; Case of Kuyter and Melyn, 503; Memorial of the Nine Men to the

States General, 504; Burgher Government demanded; Remarks and Observa-

tions of the Nine Men, 505; Vertoogh, or Remonstrance of New Netherland,

506; Delegates sent to Holland, 507; Domine Backerus succeeded by Megapo-

lensis, 508; Van Tienhoven sent to Holland as Stuyvesant's Representative,

509; Katskill, Claverack, and Weckquaesgeek, 510; Lands purchased on the

South River, 510, 511; The popular Delegates at the Hague, 511; Publication

of the Vertoogh, 512 ; Letter of the West India Company's Chamber at Amster-

dam, 512; Measures to promote Emigration, 513; Provisional Order for the

Government of New Netherland, 514; Opposed by the Amsterdam Chamber,

515 ; Domine Grasmeer, 516; Municipal Affairs of New Amsterdam, 517; Stuy-

vesant's Opposition to Reforms, 517; The Director visits Hartford, 518; Provis-

ional Treaty arranged, 519, 520 ; Dissatisfaction of the Commonalty at New Am-

sterdam, 521; Affairs at Rensselaerswyck, 522; Van der Donck and Van Tien-

hoven in Holland, 523; Return of Van Tienhoven, 524 ; Melyn on Staten Island,

525; Van Dincklagen and Van Schelluyne oppressed, 526 ; Gravesend and Heem-

stede support Stuyvesant, 526, 527; Expedition from New Haven to the South

River defeated, 527; Van Slechtenhorst arrested at New Amsterdam, 528 ;
Stuyvesant visits the South River, 529; Fort Nassau demolished, and Fort Cas-

Fiscal Van Dyck superseded, and Van Tienhoven promoted, 532; Troubles at Bev-

erwyck, 533 ; Stuyvesant again at Fort Orange, 534 ; Annexation of Beverwyck

to Fort Orange, 535; John Baptist van Rensselaer Director, and Gerrit Swart

Schout of Rensselaerswyck, 535; Settlement at Atkarkarton, or Esopus, 536 ;

Middelburg or Newtown, and Midwout or Flatbush, on Long Island, 536 ; Van
Werckhoven's Purchases on Long Island and New Jersey, 537; Domine Dris-
ius, 537; Domine Schaats, 538; Opposition of the Amsterdam Chamber to the
Provisional Order, 539; Burgher Government conceded to Manhattan, 540 ; In-
structions for Schout of New Amsterdam, 541; The States General recall Stuy-
vesant, 541 ; His Recall revoked, 542; Proposed Union between England and
the Netherlands, 542; English Act of Navigation, 543; Failure of proposed
Treaty, 544; Naval War between the Dutch and English, 545; Precautions of

the States General and the Amsterdam Chamber, 546 ; Maritime Superiority of

Manhattan predicted, 547; Its Condition and Population, 548 ; Organization of

the municipal Government of the City of New Amsterdam, 548, 549 ; Critical

Condition of the Province ; Preparations for Defense, 549; First City Debt, 550;

State of Feeling in New England; Charges against the Dutch, 550, 551 ; Agents

sent to New Netherland, and Preparations for War, 552 ; Conduct of the New

England Agents, and Propositions of the Dutch, 553 ; Stuyvesant's Reply to the

Commissioners, 554; Substance of the Charges against him, 555; Underhill's

seditious Conduct on Long Island, 556 ; Is banished, and goes to Rhode Island,

556; Massachusetts at Variance with the Commissioners, 557; Prevents a War

with New England, 558; Fort Good Hope seized by Underhill, 558; Stuyvesant

sends an Embassy to Virginia, 559; Disagrees with the City Authorities of New

Amsterdam, 560; Return of Van der Donck; His “Description of New Nether-

land,” 561; De Sille appointed Counselor, and Van Ruyven Provincial Secretary,

561; Domine Drisius sent on an Embassy to Virginia, 562 ; Affairs of Rensse-

laerswyck, 562; The Mohawks and the French, 563 ; Father Poncet restored,

564; Temper of the New England Governments, 564, 565; Piracies on Long

Island Sound, 565; Libelous Pamphlet published in London, 566 ; The Bound-

ary Question in Holland, 567; Stuyvesant surrenders the Excise to the City, 568;

Disaffection among the English on Long Island, 568 ; Meeting of Delegates at

New Amsterdam, 569; “ Landtdag” or Convention called, 570 ; It meets at New

Amsterdam, 571; Remonstrance of the Convention, 571 ; Its Character, 572 ;

Stuyvesant's Reply, 573; Rejoinder of the Convention, 574; The Convention

dissolved, 575; Letter of Burgomasters and Schepens of New Amsterdam to the

West India Company, 575; Letter from Gravesend, 576.; Affairs on the South

River, 576; Departure of Printz, 577; John Rising appointed Deputy Governor

of New Sweden, 577.

New Amsterdam Affairs, 578; Precautionary Measures, 579 ; Breuckelen, Amers-

foort, and Midwout incorporated, 580; Church at Midwout or Flatbush, and Dom-

ine Polhemus called, 581 ; Illiberal Treatment of Lutherans at New Amsterdam,

582'; Cromwell's Expedition against New Netherland, 582 ; Sequestration of

Fort Good Hope by Connecticut, 583; New Amsterdam put in a State of Defense,

584; Warlike Preparations in New England, 585; Treaty of Peace between En-

gland and Holland, and Countermand of hostile Orders, 586; Thanksgiving in
New Netherland, 587; Letters of the Company to Stuyvesant and to the City
Authorities, 587; Grant of a City Hall and Seal to New Amsterdam, 588 ; Kuy-
ter murdered, and Van Tienhoven continued as City Schout, 588; Ferry at Man-

hattan regulated, 589; War Tax laid; Excise resumed by Stuyvesant, 590 ;

Troubles at Beverwyck, 591; Father Le Moyne discovers the Salt Springs at

Onondaga, 592 ; Rising at the South River, 593 ; Captures Fort Casimir, and

names it Fort Trinity, 593 ; Swedish Ship seized at Manhattan, 594; English

Settlements at West Chester and Oyster Bay, 595 ; Stuyvesant visits Lady

Moody at Gravesend, 596 ; Delivers Seal and Coat of Arms to Burgomasters at

New Amsterdam, 596 ; Sails for the West Indies, 597; Baxter, Hubbard, and

Grover at Gravesend, 597; Protest against the Settlers at West Chester, 598;

De Decker appointed Commissary at Fort Orange in Place of Dyckman, 599

Affairs at Gravesend, 599; The Boundary Question in Holland, 600 ; Stuyvesant

ordered to recover Fort Casimir, 601; Letter of West India Company to Burgo-

masters of New Amsterdam, 602 ; Stuyvesant returns from the West Indies,

603 ; Expedition to the South River, 604 ; Capitulation of the Swedes, 605; Es-

tablishment of the Dutch Power on the South River, 606 ; Indian Invasion on

New Amsterdam, 607; Hoboken, Pavonia, and Staten Island laid waste; Eso-

pus deserted, 607; Measures for Defense ; Ransom of Prisoners, 608 ; Jacquet

appointed Vice Director on the South River, 609; Assistance asked from Holo

land, and Precautions against the Savages proposed, 610; Stuyvesant prohibits

New Year and May Day Sports, 611; Father Le Moyne at Beverwyck, 611; New

Alliance between the Dutch and the Mohawks, 611; Chaumonot and Dablon;

Jesuit Chapel at Onondaga, 612.

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625; La Montagne appointed Vice Director at Fort Orange in Place of De Decker,

Unsatisfactory Correspondence with New England, 625; Lutherans at New

Amsterdam, and Baptists at Flushing, 626; Affairs at Oostdorp, 627; Great and

Small Burgher Right established at New Amsterdam, 628, 629; The West India

Company conveys Fort Casimir and the adjacent Territory to the City of Am-

sterdam, 630, Colony of New Amstel; Alrichs appointed Director, 630, 631;

Transfer of Fort Casimir; and Organization of Colony of New Amstel, 632; Fort

Christina named Altona, and Jacquet succeeded by Hudde, 633; Domine Welius

and Church at New Amstel, 633; Cromwell's Letter to the English on Long

Island, 634; Lutheran Clergyman at New Amsterdam, 635; The People called

Quakers, 635.; Penal Laws of Massachusetts, 635; Liberality of Rhode Island,

636; Quakers at New Amsterdam, 636; Proclamation against Quakers, 637;

Remonstrance of Flushing, 637.; Its Charter modified, 638; Persecution of Quak-

ers, 638, 639.; Nomination of Magistrates allowed to New Amsterdam, 640; For-

eigners ; Municipal Affairs; Latin School, 640, 641; New Haerlem and Staten

Island, 641 ; Bergen and Gamoenepa, or Communipa, 642; The West India Com-

pany enjoins religious Moderation, 642, 643 ; Jesuit Mission at Onondaga ; Saint

Mary's of Genentaha, 644; Le Moyne at New Amsterdam, 645; Commerce be-

tween New Netherland and Canada, 646 ; Abandonment of the French Settle-

ment at Onondaga, 646 ; Outrages of the Indians at Esopus, 647; Stuyvesant's

Conference with the Esopus. Savages, 648 ; Village laid out at Esopus, 649; Jer-

emias Van Rensselaer Director of Rensselaerswyck, 649; Mohawks at Fort Or-

ange, 650 ; Dirck Smit Commandant at Esopus, 651 ; Stuyvesant visits Altona,

651, Willem Beeckman appointed Vice Director on the South River, 65% ; Af-

fairs at New Amstel, 653; Death of Cromwell, and Downfall of the Protector-

ate, 653.

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