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to all

by that art, which is exactly conformable to the pattern
of the infernal spirits. Emphatical is that of Mi-
cab, on this head, Chap. 7. 3. 3'0'7D'D3 177 3y
both hands are upon evil, that they may do it well.
They are not nothful in evil

, but apply both hands,
exert all their strength. And they take care to do
it well, according to the rules of that satanical art,
carefully observing all the contrivances of wickedness:
nay, they have learned to frame and contrive it with
so much art as to impose it on the incautious, under
the appearance of good.

XXII. Nor is the will less corrupt; for, it, it is The will averse to all that is truly good. Job. 21. 14. There

is averse fore they say unto God, depart from us; for, we desire good, not the knowledge of thy ways. And when the great things of the law are written to them, they are counted as a strange thing; as of no very great moment, and what they have no concern with. Hof. 8. 12. And. how can it be otherwise ? For fince, by reason of their blindness, they don't discern the excellency of true virtue; but on the contrary, find many things in the practice of it, which are opposite to their unruly lufts, their mind is averse to it: they hate the good, Micah 3. 2.

XXIII. Secondly, it is driven on to evil, with driven ta great impetuolity: they love the evil, Micah, 3. 2, to

all evil. a degree indeed, that not some, but every imagination of the heart of man; not at fome, but at all times; not in fome, but in every measure, is only evil, Gen. 6. 5. Now this is to be understood, not only of the giants in the first ages, as appears by comparing this place with Chap. 8. 21, where almost the same words are used concerning men in future periods of time. I will not again, says God, curse the ground any

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more, because, or though the imagination of man's heart
is evil from his ycuin. Whereby it is intimated
that evil imagination is the common blemish of all
mankind. To this also may be referred, what Paul
writes, Rom. 8. 7: to mpó tens ocupem, the carnal mind
the wisdom of the flesh, that which it willingly imagines,
lufts after'as wildom, or that action, which the carnal
mind contrives, is enmity against God: for, it is not

subjeet to the law of God, neither indeed, can be. Irritated

XXIV. Nay, zdly, the desire of evil is so great, thereo by

that it is irritated by that very law of God, which of God. forbids it; and is more impetuously hurried on to

things forbidden, only because they are prohibited.
Without the driving or impelling force of the law,
sin lies. dormant and lifeless; but when the com-
mandment comes, it revives, and is


in motion, and taking occasion by the commandment, 'works áll manner of concupiscence; to a pitch, that, every check being hurtful, by the commandment fin might becomie ,bxceeding sinful, Rom. 7. 8, 9, 11, 13. Chryfoston, beautiiully lays, òlev lovos imiBepwper, irla xwdvápee bean αιρεία» μάλλον της επιθυμίας ή φλόξ. When τoe luft after any thing, and are afterwards restrained; this only blows up

the flame of luft to a higher degree.
The affec XXV. Surprising and lamentable is the depravicy
tions won in the affections. For, first, when the understand-
derfully, ing, does not lead them on to things holy, spiritual,
and cor="? heavenly and eternal, they are bafely and madlý bent
rupted. upon things corporal, carnal, fading and finful; and

mifpend all their vigour on things beneath and un-
worthy a man. 2dly, In all their emotions they are
furiously toffed, and not waiting for the direction of
the understanding, but throwing off the reins of rea-
fon, and having no restraint, they rush headlong
with a blind and wicked violence, and basely rack
and wound the foul; never allowing her any rest,
nor that calmness, which would otherwise be her
peculiar happiness, but continually crying, like the


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daughters of the borse-leach, give give, Prov. 30. 15. Hence God elegantly compares the wicked to ike troubled sea, which cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt, Ifa. 57. 20. 3dly, They are obstinately bold and lustful, both against the will of God's decree and of his command; ever lusting after what is contrary to it, with that eagerness, that they can scarcely bear, that God and nature should not be subfervient to their desire, and all rules of religion not be framed and modelled to their liking. These are those tàin alapías, vile affe&tions, mentioned Rom. 1. 26. Which, tho' they do not rage with equal fury in all, yet they reside in the soul, as in a stable, and being restrained to no purpose, burst out at times with the greater fierceness.

XXVI. Nor indeed, is the body itself free from the body the tyrannical dominion of sin: the members are agi- also the

fortrefs of tated by such an inordinate flow of blood and spirits, that they easily carry away the mind, while it is for getful of her own dignity. And indeed, that plealure, which the members have in sin, or which they seek for by sinning, is the cause of most fins, even fpiritual fins not excepted, and of their reasoning against the law of God.

This perverseness and corruption is by the Apostle called, the low in the members, that is, that power and efficacy of fin dwelling in the body, which had frequently forced it to a criminal compliance, and had warred against the law of bis mind; that is, against the law of God, infcribed on the mind by nature and grace, and in which the mind delights, and had brought him into ceptivity ; -, and having once taken hold of himri, does not let him

go, Rom. 7. 23. Certainly, the members seduce and prove offensive, which Job, being afraid of, made a covenant with his eyes, that they should not look upon & maid, Job 31. 1. And David prayed, turn eway mine eyes from beholding vanity, Pf. 119. 37. And wisdom advises, 10 put a knife to thy tbroat, if thou be a man given to appetite, Prov. 23. 2. All these



14 . VOL. II.


plain!y declare the danger, arising to religion from

the members. That cor XXVII. As therefore this corruption wholly overwhy called spreads all the parts and faculties of man, it is there

"fore called, man, the old

But it goes by the name of the old man: ist, Recause it sprung up in Paradise itfelt, at the beginning, by the infection of the tempting serpent, and owes its original to that old dragon mentioned, Rev. 12. 9. 2dly, Because it is cotemporary with every man in particular, Pf. 51. 7. and, if not always in order of time, yet of nature, precedes inan’s gracious regeneration. 3dly, Be cause we ought to abolish, reject and abhor it, as a worthless and antiquated thing, which is wore out and disfigured by long use; just as old things pass away, that all things may become new, 2. Cor. 5.

17. To put off. XXVIII. This corruption is sometimes held forth and more under the emblem of an unseemly, filthy, and loath?

some garment; and then it is said to be put off and what. laid aside by fanctification, Col. 3. 9; and Eph. 4.

Sometimes under the emblem of a monstruous body, which destroys, by a horrid Naughter, every thing in man; and then it is said to be mortified, Col, 3. 5. and crucified, Gel. 5. 24. Now this putting off and mortification of the old man is nothing else but the deitruction of the dominion of sin, and the purging of corruptions : so that; ist, we be vexed at the heart, and grieved because of them; for nothing dies without pain and anguish. 2dly, That we abhor them, as we would a rotten carcafe. 3dly, That, we have them in execration, as things which have put God and man to * torment. 4thly, That we


oid man,


* The author's expression here is very strong; ut cruciarii Den et hominibus erant, and I think, he alludes to the crucihxion of Chrift, 'who is God as well as man, and who was put to the


suppress all their motions, as far as possible, both in

the soul and the body, and never suffer them to re-
vive again ; Rom. 6. 6. Knowing this, that our old
man is crucified with him, that the body of fin might be
destroyed; not only fome actions and parts of it, but
that entire compound, made up of depraved habits,
thoughts, lusts, words and actions; as a body is

up of its members, that henceforth we should not
Serve fin.'

XXIX. By another phrase, the godly are said to be To be dead to fin, Rom. 6. 2. The meaning of which is, dead to that as a dead body is not a fit habitation for the fin, what foul, seeing it has not those organs, and that dispolition of pares, by which the foul operates ; so believers, with respect to sin and its motions, are dead bodies, useless and motionless organs, in which it can no longer lodge, live and exert its efficacy... XXX. Not much different is that expression of And cru

cified to Paul, Gal. 6. 14, in which he says, the world was

the world. crucified to him, and he to the world; intimating, that he was no more delighted with the vanities of the world, than a good man would be with the rosten carcase of a malefactor, who was justly condemned to a shameful death; and on the other hand, that the world was unable to act upon, or affect him, with any greater efficacy, than objects of sense affect a dead person.

XXXI. This putting-off, and this mortification New man, of the old man is always accompanied with the put, what. ting on, or vivification of the ne o man by which are denoted all those qualities, wherein the excellency of the divine image is placed. These come under the appellation, man, for the same reason, we just gave of the depraved qualities : because they overspread

forture of the cross, for the fiøse of his penple: and they also are
generally brought to anguilh and pain, when their old man is
orucified with him.


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