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be considered as one body. If I mistake not, when the Apostle fays, the promises were made to Abraham and to his feed, he points to the formula of the covenant, which we have Gen. 17. 7, I will be a God unto tbee and to thy feed ofier thee, On this occasion the Apostle declares, that seeing all the families of the earth were, in their proper time, to become partakers of this blffing, it was necessary, they should be accounted to the seed of Abraham, and united to him in one body, and, as he speaks Eph: 1. 10, gathered together in one in Chrift. But this is not done by circumcision, or the other jewish ceremonies. For besides that the promise was made to Abrabam, while he was yet uncircumcised, and 430 years before the giving of the law; these ceremonies are the middle wall of partition, which separate the Israelites from the Gentiles, and therefore cannot be the band of union. But this incorporation or coalition is effected by the spirit of faith, which indissolubly unites believers to Christ the head, who is the principal feed, and with one another mutually: and thus they all form together one spiritual feed of Abraham, a whole Christ, with his myftical body. For, here we take the word CHRIST in the same sense, as i Cor. 12. 12. Seeing therefore, as is evident, the promises were made to the fpiritual seed of Abraham alone, exclufive of all others; but that spiritual seed ought to have also the same spiritual stock and origin; it must needs form one mystical body, whose head undoubtedly is Christ, from whom allthe other members have the honour to be called. Well therefore did the Apostle urge, that by the appellation feed, an union was intended, not precisely of perfon, but of fome mystical body, united by faith under the head Christ. See on this place Drusius, Cameron. Gomarus, Diodati and others, who explain it of Christ and his myftical body:
XIX. But we are not to overlook a notable diver. The blere sity of expression, that occurs here. God several sing in
Abraham tires repeats to Abraham, in thee 10771 fall be blefed
all families of the earth, Gen. 12. 3 and Gen. 18. 18. ent rer. But of the feed of Abraham it is said, and in him fball pects. all nations of the earth ignanm blefs themselves, Gen.
22. 78, which is repeated, Gen. 26. 4g of the feed of
: , , that wko
God of truth, Ifa. 65. 16. Mests gá los istort External
XX. The corporal or external prodhifes made toi promiles. Abraham are chiefly three. (1). The Imultiplication of
bis seed by Isaacs' Gen.'Iza 116, and Gena 5. 15, and
ve zaw fundoida + Or in the God Amen; fo that our author with great pros priety, quotes this pairage, as it is very evident that, the blefled: feed is called amen, even the AMEN, the true and faithful witness.
Rev. 3. 14.
the church from sin, from the world, the devil and
XXI. But we ought not to omit the fundamental Abraham doctrine of justification by faith alone, which, at that justified by
faith. time, was very much illustrated by the example of Abrabam, and the divine declaration concerning him. For, thus it is said, Abraham believed in Jehovah, and be counted it to bin for righteousness, Gen. 15.6. This testimony is the more to be observed, because the Apostle frequently uses it, in order to affert the righteousness of faich, Rom. 4. 3. Gal. 18.104.22.168.1)
XXII. The faith of Abraham had, for its general Theobobject, all the promises made to him." He gave glory ject of that to God, and was fully persuaded, that what he had promised he was able also to perform, Rom. 4. 20, 21. He therefore believed, and, by faith, embraced the promises of the heavenly and eternal blessing, of the birth of a lon from his barren wife, of the multiplication of his feed, both the spiricual and carnal, of the calling of the Gentiles, &c. But more especially he believed that promise, whereby God engaged to be bis Zbield and exceeding great reward, Gen. 15. 1. That is, lhe relied on God, as the averter of every evil, and the bestower of every good. But in a most especial manner, he believed the promise concerning that seed, who was to be the repository and the cause of the blessing; and he 'expected, that the Son of God would manifeft himself in the flesh, which he would assume from his posterity, and thus his faith was in Chrift: for, he rejoiced to see Christ's day, and he faw it and was glad, fobn 8. 56.::;;.
XXIII. But this faith, this believing, was imputed Imputed unto him for righteousness. Not that the faith of to him is Abraham was by a gracious estimation, accounted
to himself, the promised feed, by virtue of which
VIII. Sct. 42.
especially that concerning the feed, in which all predeli.
nations of the earth were to bless themselves, were nation.
not only confirmed to ISAAC the fon of Abrebem
As to the stocks and heads of the nations, the elder Jacob and served the younger, that is, Jacob appeared more
worthy than Esau (1). In respect of the birth right,
. See Jofeph. Antiq. Lib. 13 c. 17
XXVII. God renewed the fame promises made to Promises the father and grand father to JACOB Gen. 28. made to 13-15; Tho' Jacob declared his twelve sons, the Jacob and
Judah. patriarchs, to be the heirs of these promises; yet, by the inspiration of the Spirit of God, he gave the cribe of Judah such prerogative above the rest, that not only kings, but also the prince of kings, even the Meshabis was to descend from it, Gen. 49. 10, the VOL. II.