Historical Dictionary of Iraq
Iraq, the land of Hamurabi and Harun al-Rashid, has played a long and unique role in the history of human civilization. The oldest civilization known to man evolved on the shores of its twin rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates. The great cities of antiquity-Uruk, Ur, Akkad, Babylon, Basra, Mawsil, and Baghdad-were major centers of high culture and political power for much of the course of human history. This reference begins with the earliest civilizations and covers the many periods that followed, ranging from the history of ancient Mesopotamia to the Abbasid Empire to present-day Iraq. Included are a historical overview; a country profile; a review of the economy, oil, fauna, and political institution; coverage of the Iran-Iraq War; and coverage of the Kuwait invasion and the second Gulf War and other conflicts. The major ethnic groups such as the Kurds, the Turkumans and the Assyrians, Islam and Muslim sects, Christianity and Christian sects, as well as other religious groups are profiled. Dictionary entries also highlight the main political, religious, and ideological parties, groups, and organizations; major historical personalities; languages; literature; and cultural elements. A broad range of topics, both ancient and modern, are dealt with throughout the introduction and the dictionary, and a comprehensive bibliography complements this extensive historical reference.
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1958 revolution Abbasid Abd al-Ilah Abd al-Karim Abd al-Karim Qasim Abd al-Rahman Abd al-Salam Arif Abdullah Ahmad al-Din appointed April Arif army Assyrian August Aziz Ba’th Party q.v. Ba’thist Baban Baghdad q.v. Barzani Basra became Britain British cabinet caliph Committee Communist conﬂict cooperation Defense deputy economic Education Finance Foreign established Faysal Finance Foreign Affairs ﬂed forces Government of Iraq Hasan humanitarian IAEA Ibrahim inﬂuence Iran Iraq’s Iraqi Communist Party Iraqi government Islamic Kurdish Kurds Kuwait leader Mahmud Mawsil q.v. military monarchy Muhammad Muslim Najaf Nuri al-Sa’id officers organizations Ottoman paragraph Persian petroleum political president prime minister Qasim Rashid Rashid Ali al-Kaylani regime relevant resolutions religious Requests the Secretary-General resolution 661 returned to Iraq revolution q.v. Sa’dun Saddam Husayn q.v. Salih Security Council Shatt al-Arab Shaykh Shi’i Special Commission Sunni Syria Tariq Aziz tion Treaty Turkey United Nations uprising Yasin