The Relation of John Locke to English Deism
This book sets out to explain the relationship between John Locke's ideas and those of English Deism. Author S.G. Helelbower asserts that though some say Locke was the father of English Deism, and some say that the two had nothing to do with one another, that instead they were two pillars of a larger structure, that of the Age of Enlightenment.
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accepted appeared asserts assumes attitude authority believe Blount Bolingbroke called Cambridge century chapter Christ Christianity church clear closely concept concerning conclude considered critical define Deism deistic Deists denied determine difference discussion divine doctrine elements emphasized England English Essay evidence existence fact faith give given God's ground held Herbert History human Ibid idea importance influence interests knowledge later law of nature leaders less liberal light Locke Locke and Deism Locke's London marked matters means method miracles morality Morgan movement natural religion necessary never opinions perhaps period philosophy positive practically principles probably problem progressive proof prove radical rational rationalistic reason recognized relation religious represented revelation Scripture seems sense significant speaking spirit supernatural teaching theologians theory things thinkers thinking thought Tindal tion Toland toleration tradition true truth views whole writers
Page 56 - The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges everyone; and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.
Page 71 - Reason is natural revelation, whereby the eternal Father of light and fountain of all knowledge, communicates to mankind that portion of truth which he has laid within the reach of their natural faculties: revelation is natural reason enlarged by a new set of discoveries communicated by God immediately; which reason vouches the truth of, by the testimony and proofs it gives that they come from God. So that he that takes away reason to make way for revelation, puts out the light of both...
Page 105 - ... nothing that is contrary to, and inconsistent with, the clear and self-evident dictates of reason, has a right to be urged or assented to as a matter of faith, wherein reason hath nothing to do.
Page 86 - From what has been said, it is plain to me we have a more certain knowledge of the existence of a God, than of any thing our senses have not immediately discovered to us. Nay, I presume I may say, that we more certainly know that there is a God, than that there is any thing else without us. When I say
Page 104 - Whatever God hath revealed, is certainly true ; no doubt can be made of it. This is the proper object of faith: but whether it be a divine revelation or...
Page 103 - Faith, on the other side, is the assent to any proposition, not thus made out by the deductions of reason, but upon the credit of the proposer, as coming from God, in some extraordinary way of communication.
Page 163 - That no mission can be looked on to be divine, that delivers any thing derogating from the honour of the one, only true, invisible God, or inconsistent with natural religion and the rules of morality ; because God having discovered to men the unity and majesty of his eternal Godhead, and the truths of natural religion and morality, by the light of reason, he cannot be supposed to back the contrary by revelation : for that would be to destroy the evidence and the use of reason, without .which men...
Page 64 - For men to be tied and led by authority, as it were with a kind of captivity of judgment, and though there be reason to the contrary not to listen unto it, but to follow like beasts the first in the herd, they know not nor care not whither, this were brutish. Again, that authority of men should prevail with men either against or above reason, is no part of our belief. ' Companies of learned men,' be they never so great and reverend, are to yield unto reason...
Page 86 - If, therefore, we know there is some real being and that non-entity cannot produce any real being, it is an evident demonstration, that from eternity there has been something ; since what was not from eternity had beginning; and what had a beginning must be produced by something else.