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TREATY.

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided

Trinity His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of 11 Great Britain and Ireland, and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, being equally animated with the Desire not only of confolidating and strengthening the ancient Friendship and good Understanding which so happily subfift, and have during so many Ages subfisted between the Two Crowns, but also of improving and extending the beneficial Effects thereof to the mutual Advantage of their respective Subjects, have thought that the most efficacious Means for obtaining these Oba jects would be, to adopt a liberal System of Com. merce, founded upon the Basis of Reciprocity and mutual Convenience, which by discontinuing certain Prohibitions and Prohibitory Duties night procure the most solid Advantages on both sides, to the National Productions and Industry, and give due Protection at the fame Time to the Public Revenue and to the Interests of fair and legal Trade. For this End, His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, have named for their respective Commissioners and Pleni. potentiaries, to wit, His Britannic Majesty the most Illustrious and most Excellent Lord Percy Clinton Sydney, Lord Viscount and Baron of Strangford, One of His Majesty's most Honourable Privy Couna

es to witz Excellent Baron of Privy Cotcile

Portu Dom Rodrigo Payalvo, ComeOrders of Sainis

cil, Knight of the Military Order of the Bath, Grand Cross of the Portugueze Order of the Tower and Sword, and His Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of Portugal; and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, the most Illustrious and most Excellent Lord Dom Rodrigo de Sousa Couttinho, Count of Linhares, Lord of Payalvo, Commander of the Order of Christ, Grand Cross of the Orders of Saint Bento and of the Tower and Sword, One of His Royal Highness's Council of State, and His Princi. pal Secretary of State for the Departments of Foreign Affairs and War; who, after having duly ex. changed their respective full Powers, and having found them in good and due Form, have agreed upon the following Articles :

ARTICLE I. There shall be a sincere and perpetual Friendship between His Britannic Majesty and His Royal Highn ness the Prince Regent of Portugal, and between their Heirs and Succeffors; and there shall be a constant and universal Peace and Harmony between Themselves, their Heirs and Succeffors, Kingdoms, Dominions, Provinces, Countries, Subjects, and Vaffals, of whatsoever Quality or Condition they be, without Exception of Person or Place; and the Stipulations of this present Article shall, under the Favour of Almighty God, be permanent and per. petual.

ARTICLE II. There shall be reciprocal Liberty of Commerce and Navigation between and amongst the respective Subjects of the Two High Contracting Parties in all

and and several the Territories and Dominions of either. They may trade, travel, sojourn, or establish themfelves in all, and several the Ports, Cities, Towns, Countries, Provinces, or Places whatsoever belonging to each and either of the Two High Contracting Parties, except and save in those from which all Foreigners whatsoever are generally and positively excluded, the Names of which Places inay be here. after specified in a separate Article of this Treaty. Provided, however, that it be thoroughly understood, That any Place belonging to either of the Two High Contracting Parties, which may hereafter be opened to the Commerce of the Subjects of any other Country, shall thereby be considered as equally opened, and upon correspondent Terms, to the Subjects of the other High Contracting Party, in the same Manner as if it had been expressly ftipulated by the present Treaty, And His Britannic Majesty and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Por. tugal, do hereby bind and engage themselves not to grant any Favour, Privilege, or Immunity in Matters of Commerce and Navigation, to the Subjects of any other State, which shall not be also at the same Time respectively extended to the Subjects of the High Contracting Parties, gratuitously, if the Concession in Favour of that other State should have been gratuitous, and on giving quam proxime, the fame Compensation or Equivalent, in case the Concession should have been conditional. or included) than those that are paid by the Subjects of the most favoured Nation; and the Sub. jects of each of the High Contracting Parties shall enjoy within the Dominions of the other, the same Rights, Privileges, Liberties, Favours, Immunities or Exemptions, in Matters of Commerce and Na. vigation that are granted or may hereafter be granted to the Subjects of the most favoured Nation.

ARTICLE III. The Subjects of the Two Sovereigns respectively shall not pay in the Ports, Harbours, Roads, Cities, Towns, or Places whatsoever, belonging to either of them, any greater Duties, Taxes, or Imports (under whatsoever Names they may be designated

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ARTICLE IV. His Britannic Majesty, and His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, do ftipulate and agree, that there shall be a perfect Reciprocity on the Subject of the Duties and Impofts to be paid by the Ships and Vessels of the High Contracting Parties, within the several Ports, Harbours, Roads, and anchoring Places belonging to each of them ; to wit, that the Ships and Vessels of the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty shall not pay any higher Du. ties or Imposts (under whatsoever Name they be designated or implied) within the Dominions of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal than the Ships and Vessels belonging to the Subjects of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, shall be bound to pay within the Dominions of His Britannic Majesty, and vice versa. And this Agreement and Stipulation shall particularly and expressly extend to the Payment of the Duties known by the Name of Port Charges, Tonnage, and Anchorage Duties, which shall not in any Case, " or under any Pretext, be greater for British Ships and Vessels within the Dominions of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, than for Portugueze Ships and Vessels within the Dominions of His Britannic Majesty, and vice versa. : .

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ARTICLE V. The Two High Contracting Parties do alfo agree, that the same Rates of Bounties and Drawbacks thall be established in their respective Ports upon the Ex. portation of Goods, and Merchandizes, whether those Goods or Merchandizes be exported in British or in Portugueze Ships and Vefsels, that is, that British Ships and Veffels shall enjoy the same Favour in this Respect within the Dominions of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, that may be shewn to Portugueze Ships and Vessels within the Dominions of His Britannic Majesty, and vice versa. The Two High Contracting Parties do also covenant and agree, that Goods and Merchandizes coming respectively from the Ports of either of them, shall pay the same Duties whether imported in British or in Portugueze Ships or Vefsels, or other wise, that an Increase of Duties may be imposed and exacted upon Goods and Merchandizes coming into the Ports of the Dominions of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal from those of His Britannic Majesty in British Ships, equivalent, and in exact Proportion to any Increase of Duties that may hereafter be impofed upon Goods and Merchandizes coming into the Ports of His Britan. nic Majesty from those of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, imported in Portugueze Ships. And in order that this Matter may be sete tled with due Exactness, and that nothing may be left undetermined concerning it, it is agreed, that Tables shall be drawn by each Government respectively, specifying the Difference of Duties to be paid on Goods and Merchandizes so imported in British or Portugueze Ships and Vessels; and the faid Tables (which shall be made applicable to all

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