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PRE FACE.

I. In this volume the reader has TWO WORKS by two writers. These works are closely related, yet are distinct Together, they form a unit of plan. To Dr. Fleming belongs The Vocabulary of Philosophy, which, with the posthumnous additions from his pen, and the definitions by Dr. Calderwood in the edition of 1876, is given entire in this new American edition, and in this alone. The last English edition omits much valuable matter of the second edition, probably to keep the size of the book within certain limits. This edition of Fleming is therefore the only complete exhibition of his labors. All the ADDITIONS made by the American editor to the forner editions of Fleming are retained in this edition, but in a greatly improved form.

II. The “Vocabulary of the Philosophical Sciences” has, in general, with respect to the work it accompanies, two characteristics :

i. It is SUPPLEMENTAL to Fleming, and to the American editor's edition of Fleming. .

1. ADDITIONS have been made to the CHRONOLOGY, bringing it down to June, 1877, the latest chronology of events and literature being far more full than the earlier, as information in regard to what is latest is least accessible.

2. The SYNTHETICAL TABLE is greatly enlarged, so as to cover completely the Philosophical Sciences, in their classification, terminology, and history. It now presents a methodological survey of all the most important terms, and of the great

schools and great names in the entire philosophical world, from the beginning to the present.

3. Other additions have been brought into their PROPER PLACE, so that the arrangement of the new volume, even after its great enlargement, is inore simple and convenient than that of the old.

a. The Synthetical Table is placed at the END of the book.

6. The “German Philosophers of the most recent Era” is put in its proper place in the Synthetical Table.

c. The Vocabulary of German Terms, from Morell's Tennemann, is presented in alphabetical order in the new Vocabulary.

d. The Index of Terms is put in its alphabetical places in the new Vocabulary. Every term which Fleming has, is marked with a star (*).

What is found under five heads, in five places, in the old, is drawn together under three in the new, so that the reader knows more easily where to find what he wants, and has fewer places to turn to for it.

4. An endeavor has been made to remedy defects in Fleming's plan and execution. New terms have been introduced, and new citations have been made. In this Fleming himself and Calderwood have borne part. Calderwood has introduced new terms, and has given definitions to them, and to a number of the old terms. Fleming's manuscripts have been drawn on for new matter. All the new matter in the Third London edition is incorporated in this.

ii. The “Vocabulary of the Philosophical Sciences” is, however, in important respects, INDEPENDENT of Fleming. The plan is greatly enlarged. There are entirely new departments in it; and others, in which Fleming has little, are presented with fulness.

1. The reader is not left to INFER the meaning of a term from a mass of discursive citation, but DEFINITIONS ARE GIVEN.

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