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for her recovery.

K. Edw. Hold, Richard, hold! for we have done Q. Mar. So come to you, and yours, as to this too much.

words?
prince!

[Exit, led out. Glo. Why should she live, to fill the world with K. Edw. Where's Richard gone? K. Edw. What! doth she swoon ? usc means Clan. To London, all in post; and, as I guess,

To make a bloody supper in the Tower. Glo. Clarence, excuse me to the king my K. Edw. IIe's sudden, if a thing comes in his brother;

head. I'll hence to London on a serious matter :

Now march we hence : discharge the common sort Ere ye come there, be sure to hear some news. With

pay

and thanks, and let's away to London, CLAR. What? what?

And see our gentle queen how well she fares ; Glo. The* Tower, the Tower ! [Erit. By this, I hope, she hath a son for me. [Exeunt, Q. MAR. O, Ned, sweet Ned! speak to thy

mother, boy! Canst thou not speak ?–0 traitors ! murderers ! They that stabb’d Cæsar shed no blood at all,

SCENE VI.-London. A Room in the Tower. Did not offend, nor were not worthy blame, If this foul deed were by to equal it. He was a man; this, in respect, a child ;

King HENRY is discovered sitting with a book in And men ne'er spend their fury on a child.

his hand, the Lieutenant attending. Enter What's worse than murderer, that I may name it?

GLOUCESTER. No, no; my heart will burst, an if I speak :And I will speak, that so my heart may burst.-- Glo. Good day, my lord. What, at your book Butchers and villains ! bloody cannibals !

so hard ? How sweet a plant have you untimely cropp'd ! K. HEN. Ay, my good lord : my lord, I should You have no children, butchers ! if you had,

say rather; The thought of them would have stirr’d up re- 'Tis sin to flatter, good was little better :

Good Gloster, and good devil, were alike, But if you ever chance to have a child,

And both preposterous; therefore, not good lord. Look in his youth to have him so cut off,

Glo. Sirrah, leave us to ourselves : we must As, deathsmen, you have rid“ this sweet young

confer.

[Exit Licutenant. prince!

K. HIEN. So flies the reckless shepherd from K. Edw. Away with her! go, bear her hence

the wolf: perforce.

So first the harmless sheep doth yield his fleece, Q. MAR. Nay, never bear me hence, despatch And next his throat unto the butcher's knife. me here;

What scene of death hath Roscius now to act ? Here she..the thy sword, I'll pardon thee my death: Glo. Suspicion always haunts the guilty mind; What! wilt thou not ?-then, Clarence, do it The thief doth fear each bush an officer. thou.

K. HEN. The bird, that hath been limed in a CLAR. By heaven, I will not do thee so much

bushi,

With trembling wings misdoubteth every bush: Q. Mar. Good Clarence, do; sweet Clarence, And I, the hapless male to one sweet bird, do thou do it.

Ilave now the fatal object in my eye, CLAR. Didst thou not hear me swear I would Wliere my poor young was lim’d, was caught, and not do it?

kill'd. Q. Mar. Ay, but thou usest to forswear thyself: Glo. Why, what a peevish fool was that of Crete, ’T was sin before, but now 't is charity.

That taught his son the office of a fowl ! What! wilt thou not? where is that devil's butcher, And yet, for all

his wings, the fool was drown'd. Hard-favour'd Richard ? Richard, where art thou? K. HEN. I, Daedalus ; my poor boy, Icarus ; Thou art not here: Murder is thy alms-deed; Thy father, Minos, that denied our course; Petitioners for blood thou ne'er putt’st back. The sun, that sear’d the wings of my sweet boy, K. Edw. Away, I say! I charge ye, bear her Thy brother Edward ; and thyself, the sea, hence,

Whose envious gulf did swallow up his life.

molse:

ease.

(*) First folio omits, The. & Rid this sweet young prince !] One sense of rid was to destroy ; so in Scene 3 of the present Act,

"- for willingness rids way." And in “The Tempest," Act I. Sc. 2:

" —The red plague rid you." b That devil's butcher,--) In the folio 1623, the line is encumbered by the addition of “Richard;” but as it is not found in the corresponding line of the earlier version, it was probably only an inadvertent repetition,

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Ah, kill me with thy weapon, not with words !
My breast can better brook thy dagger's point,
Than can my ears that tragic history.
But wherefore dost thou come? is't for my life?

Glo. Think'st thou I am an executioner ?
K. HEN. A persecutor, I am sure, thou art ;
If murdering innocents be executing,
Why, then thou art an executioner.

Glo. Thy son I kill'd for his presumption.
K. HEN. Hadst thou been kill'd when first

thou didst presume,

Thou hadst not liv'd to kill a son of mine.
And thus I prophesy,—that many a thousand,
Which now mistrust no parcel of my fear,
And many an old man's sigh, and many a widow's,
And many an orphan's water-standing eye,
Men for their sons', wives for their husbands',
And“ orphans for their parents' timeless death, —

a And orphans, &c.) And is found only in the second folio, which amends the preceding line also, by reading, "- for their husbands' fate."

с

Shall rue the hour that ever thou wast born, And then, to purge his fear, I'll be thy death.
The owl shriek'd at thy birth, an evil sign; King Henry, and the prince his son, are gone :
The night-crow cried, aboding luckless time; Clarence, thy turn is next; and then the rest ;
Dogs howld, and hideous tempest shook down Counting myself but bad, till I be best.-
trees;

I'll throw thy body in another room,
The raven rook'd her on the chimney's top, And triumph, Henry, in thy day of doom.
And chattering pies in dismal discords sung.

[Exit, bearing the body.
Thy mother felt more than a mother's pain,
And yet brought forth less than a mother's hope;
To wit, an indigest deformed lump,

SCENE VII.-The same. A Room in the Palace. Not like the fruit of such a goodly tree.

Flourish. King EDWARD discovered sitting Teeth badst thou in thy head when thou wast born, on his throne ; QUEEN ELIZABETH with the To signify, thou cam'st to bite the world :

infant PRINCE carried by a Nurse, CLARENCE, And, if the rest be true which I have heard,

GLOUCESTER, ILASTINGS, and others, near Thou cam'st

him. Glo. I'll hear no more ;—die, prophet, in thy speech!

| Stabs him. K. Edw. Once more we sit in England's royal For this, amongst the rest, was I ordain'd.

throne, K. HEN. Ay, and for much more slaughter after Re-purchas'd with the blood of enemies. this.

What valiant foemen, like to autumn's corn, 0, God forgive my sins, and pardon thee!(1) [Dies. Have we mow'd down in tops of all their pride!

Glo. What, will the aspiring blood of Lancaster Three dukes of Somerset, threefold renown'd * Sink in the ground? I thought it would have For hardy and undoubted champions : mounted.

Two Cliffords, as the father and the son, See how my sword weeps for the poor king's And two Northumberlands ; two braver men death!

Ne’er spurr’d their coursers at the trumpet's sound: 0, may such purple tears be alway shed

With them, the two brave bears, Warwick and From those that wish the downfall of our house !

Montague, If any spark of life be yet remaining,

That in their chains fetter'd the kingly lion, Down, down to hell; and say I sent thee thither, And made the forest tremble when they roar'd.

[Stabs him again. Thus have we swept suspicion from our seat, I, that have neither pity, love, nor fear.

And made our footstool of security.Indeed, 't is true that Henry told me of;

Come hither, Bess, and let me kiss my boy :For I have often heard

my
mother
say

Young Ned, for thee, thine uncles and myself
I came into the world with my legs forward : Have in our armours watch'd the winter's night;
Had I not reason, think ye, to make haste, Went all afoot in summer's scalding heat,
And seek their ruin that usurp'd our right?

That thou mightst repossess

the
crown in

peace; The midwife wonder'd and the women cried, And of our labours thou shalt

reap 0, Jesus bless us, he is born with teeth !

Glo. I'll blast his harvest, if your head were laid; And so I was ; which plainly signified

For yet I am not look'd on in the world. That I should snarl, and bite, and play the dog. This shoulder was ordain'd so thick, to heave; Then, since the heavens have shap'd my body so, And heaveit shall some weight, or break my back: Let hell make crook'd my mind to answer it. Work thou the way,—and that shalt execute.d I have no brother, I am like no brother :

Aside. And this word love, which greybeards call divine, K. Edw. Clarence and Gloster, love my lovely Be resident in men like one another,

queen ; And not in me; I am myself alone.

And kisst your princely nephew, brothers both. Clarence, beware ; thou keep'st me from the light; Clar. The duty; that I owe unto your majesty, But I will sort a pitchy day for thee:

I scal upon the lips of this sweet babe. For I will buz abroad such prophecies,

K. Edw. Thanks, noble Clarence; worthy That Edward shall be fearful of his life;

brother, thanks.

the gain.

a Aboding-) Forrboding, portending.

b The raren rook'd her-) To ruck, or to rook, means to squat down, or lodge, or ruost.

e To uit, an indigest deformed lump:--) The folio 1623 reads, * -an indigested and deformed lumpe." "The True Tragedy "-an uudigest created lumpe.” We adopt the slight change made by Malone, a change made also by Mr. Collier's annotator. d Work thou the way,-and that shalt execute.) Thou refers to VOL. II.

449

(*) Old text, Renowne.

(1) First folio, 'tis. the speaker's head; thaí, to his arm or shoulder. Some copies of the folio 1623 read, "add that shalt." &c.

e In the folio 1623 this line, which there begins.-" Thanhe Noble Clarence,” &c., has the prefix Cla. In “The True Tragedy" it is given to the Queen.

GG

Glo. And, that I love the tree from whence | Reignier, her father, to the king of France thou sprangost,

Hath pawn'd the Sicils and Jerusalem, Witness the loving kiss I give the fruit:

And hither have they sent it for her ransom. To say the truth, so Judas kiss’d his master ; K. Edw. Away with her, and waft her hence to And cried-all hail ! whenas he meant—all harm.

France.

[Aside. And now what rests, but that we spend the time K. Edw. Now am I seated as my soul delights, with stately triumphs, mirthful comic shows, Having my country's peace and brothers' loves. Such as befit the pleasure of the court ?CLAR. What will your grace have done with Sound drums and trumpets !—farewell sour annoy! Margaret?

For here, I hope, begins our lasting joy. Exeunt.

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ILLUSTRATIVE COMMENTS.

ACT І.

(1) SCENE I.

(2) SCENE I.-Stern Falconbridge.] “The person hero meant was Thomas Nevil, bastard son to the lord Fauconbridge. 'A man (says Hall) of no lesse corage then audacitie, who for his evel condicions was such an apte person, that a more meter could not be chosen to set all the worlde in a broyle, and to put the estate of the realme on an yl hazard.' He had been appointed by Warwick vice-admiral of the sea, and had in charge so to keep the passage between Dover and Calais, that none which either favoured King Henry or his friends should escape untaken or undrowned : such at least were his instructions, with respect to the friends and favourers of King Edward, after the rupture between him and Warwick. On Warwick's death, he fell into poverty, and robbed, both by sea and land, as well friends as enemies. He once brought his ships up the Thames, and with a considerable body of the men of Kent and Essex, made a spirited assault on the City, with a view to plunder and pillage, which was not repelled but after a sharp conflict, and the loss of many lives ; and, had it happened at a more critical period, might have been attended with fatal consequences to Edward. After roving on the sea some little time longer, he ventured to land at Southampton, where he was taken and beheaded."-RITSON.

I here entail The crown to thee, and to thine heirs for ever.] This compromise is an historical fact ; and, from the following account, extracted from a MS. in the British Museum (Harl. C. 7), appears to have been the result of long and frequent debates in parliament. “On halmesse evyn, abowt thre after noyne, comyn into the Comowne Howus, the Lordys spiritual and temporal, excepte the Kyog, the Duk of York, and'hys sonys; And the Chawn. celer reherset the debate had bytwyn owre soveren Lord the Kyng and the Duk of York upon the tytelys of Ing. lond, Fraunce, and the Lordschep of Erlond, wyche mater was debat, arguet, and disputet by the seyd lordes spiritual and temporal byfore owre soveren Lord and the Duk of York longe and diverse tymys. And at the last, by frut avyce and deliberacion, and by the assent of owie soveryn Lord and the Duk of York, and alle the lordes spiritual and temporal ther assemelyd by vertu of thys present parlement, assentyt, agreyt, and acordyt, that owre sovereyne Lord the Kyng schal pessabylly and quyetly rejoys and possesse the crowne of Inglond and of Fraunce, and the Lordchip of Irlond, with al hys preemynences, prerogatyves, and liberteys during hys lyf. And that after hys desese, the coroun, etc., schal remayne to Rychard Duk of York, as rythe inheryť to hym and to hys issue, prayng and desyring ther the comownes of Inglond, be vertu of thys present parlement assemylet, to comyne the seyd mater, and to gyff therto her assent. The whyche comyns, after the mater debatet, comynt, grawntyt, and assentyt to the forseyd premisses. And terthermore was granted and assentyt, that the seyd Duk of York, the Erl of March, and of Rutlond, schul be sworne that they schuld not compas ne conspyrene the kynges deth ne hys hurt duryny hys lyf. Ferthermore the forseyd Duk schulde be had, take and reportyt as eyr apparent prince and ryth inheryter to the crowne aboveseyd. Ferthermore for to be bad and take tresoun to ymagine or compas the deth or the hurt of the seyd Duk, wythe othyr prerogatyves as long to the prince and eyr parawnt. And ferthermore the seyd Duk and hys sonys schul have of the Kyng yerly ten thousand marces, that is to sey, to hemself five thousand, to the Erl of Marche three thousand, the Erl of Rutlond two thousand marces. And alle these mateyrs agreyd, assentyt, and inactyt by the auctoritie of thys present parlement. And ferthermore, the statutes mad in the tyme of Kyng Herry the fowrth, wherby the croune was curtaylet to hys issu male, utterly anullyd and evertyth, wyth alle other statutes and grantys mad by the seyd Kynges days, Kyng Herry the V. and King Herry the vjto, in the infforsyng of the tytel of Kyng Herry the fourth in general.”

(3) SCENE III.Thy father slew my futher; therefore, die. ] “ While this battaill was in fightyng, a prieste called sir Robert Aspall, chappelain and schole master to the yorg erle of Rutland II. sonne to the above named duke of Yorke, scarce of the age of .xii. yeres, a faire gentleman, and a maydenlike person, perceivyng that flight was more savegard, then tariyng, bothe for him and his master, secretly conveyed therle out of the felde, by the lord Cliffordes bande, toward the towne, but or he coulde enter into a house, he was by the sayd lord Clifford espied, folowed, and taken, and by reson of his apparell, demaunded what he was. The yong gentelman dismaied, had not a word to speake, but kneled on his knees inploryng mercy, and desiryng grace, both with holding up his handes and making dolorous countinance, for his speache was gone for feare. Save him sayde his Chappelein, for he is a princes sonne, and peradventure may do you good hereafter. With that word, the lord Clifford marked him and sayde : by Gods blode, thy father slew myne, and so wil I do the and all thy kyn, and with that woord, stacke the erle to the hart with his dagger, and bad his Chappeleyn bere the erles mother and brother worde what he had done, and sayde. In this acte the lord Clyfford was accompted a tyraunt, and no gentelman, for the propertie of the Lyon, which is a furious and an unreasonable beaste, is to be cruell to them that withstande hym, and gentle to such as prostrate or humiliate them selses beforo him."-HALL,

451

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