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Sevenfold above itself ; no gift to him,

For he does neither affect

company, But breeds the giver a return, exceeding

Nor is he fit for it, indeed. All use of quittance.*

APEM. Let me stay at thine apperil, Timon ; 1 LORD. The noblest mind he carries, I come to observe ; I give thee warning on’t. That ever govern'd man.

[we in ? TIM. I take no heed of thee; thou art an 2 LORD. Long may he live in fortunes ! Shall | Athenian, therefore welcome: I myself would 1 LORD. I'll keep you company.

[Exeunt. have no power: pr’ythee, let my meat make thee

silent. SCENE II.-The same. A Room of State in

APEM. I scorn thy meat; 't would choke me, Timon's House.

for I should ne'er flatter thee. O you gods ! what

a number of men eat Timon, and he sees 'em not! Hautboys playing loud music. A great banquet

A great banquet It grieves me to see so many dip their meat in served in; FLAVIUS and other's attending ;

one man's blood ; and all the madness is, he cheers then enter TIMON, ALCIBIADES, Lords, Sena

them up too. tors, and VENTIDIUS. Then comes, dropping I wonder men dare trust themselves with men : after all, APEMANTUS, discontentedly, like

Methinks they should invite them without knives; himself.

Good for their meat, and safer for their lives. VEN. Most honour'd Timon,

[age, There's much example for't; the fellow that It hath pleas’d the gods to remeniber my father's sits next him, now parts bread with him, pledges And call him to long peace.

the breath of him in a divided draught, is the He is gone happy, and has left me rich :

readiest man to kill him: it has been proved. If Then, as in grateful virtue I am bound

I were a huge man, I should fear to drink at To your free heart, I do return those talents,

meals ; Doubled with thanks and service, from whose help Lest they should spy my windpipe's dangerous I deriv'd liberty.

notes : Tim. O, by no means ;

Great men should drink with harness on their Honest Ventidius, you mistake my love ;

throats. I gave it freely ever, and there's none

Tim. My lord, in heart; and let the health go Can truly say he gives, if he receives :

round. If our betters play at that game, we must not dare 2 LORD. Let it flow this way, my good lord. To imitate them ; faults that are rich are fair.


Flow this way! VEN. A noble spirit.

A brave fellow !-he keeps his tides well. Timon," [They all stand ceremoniously looking on Timon. Those healths will make thee and thy state look ill. Tiu. Nay, my lords, ceremony was but devis’d Here's that, which is too weak to be a sinner, at first,

Honest water, which ne'er left man i' the mire : To set a gloss on faint deeds, hollow welcomes, This and my food are equals ; there's no odds. Recanting goodness, sorry ere 'tis shown ;

Feasts are too proud to give thanks to the gods. But where there is true friendship, there needs none. Pray, sit; more welcome are ye to my fortunes,

APEMANTUS' GRACE. Than my fortunes to me.

[They sit.

Immortal gods, I crave no pelf ; 1 Lord. My lord, we always have confessid it.

I pray for no man but myself : APEM. Ho, ho, confess’d it ! hang’d it, have

Grant I may never prove so fond,

To trust man on his oath or bond ; Tim. O, Apemantus !--you are welcome.

Or a harlot, for her weeping; APEM. No, you shall not make me welcome :

Or a dog, that seems a-sleeping; I come to have thee thrust me out of doors.

Or a keeper with my freedom ; Tim. Fie, thou 'rt a churl; you've got a

Or my friends, if I should need 'em. humour there

Amen. So fall to't: Does not become a man, 't is much to blame :

Rich men sin, and I eat root, They say, my lords, ira furor brevis est,

[Eats and drinks. But yond' man is evero angry: Go, let him have a table by himself;

Much good dich thy good heart, Apemantus !

you not?!

A All use of quittance.] All customary requital.

Confess'd it! hang'd it, have you not?) An allusion, not unfrequent with the writers of the Elizabethan era, to a familiar proverbial saying, " Confess and be hang'd." Shakespeare again refers to it in “Othello," Act IV. Sc. 1 :

"—to confess, and be hang'd for his labour."

c But yond' man is ever angry.] The original reads, ver ie angry; corrected by Rowe.

d Timon,-) In the old text, Timon is printed at the end of the following line. Capell made the transposition.

e Here's thal, which is too weak to be a sinner,-) For sinner, Mr. Collier's annotator reads fire.

ин 2

Tim. Captain Alcibiades, your heart's in the

Enter a Servant. field now.

How now? ALCIB. My heart is ever at your service, my Serv. Please you, my lord, there are certain lord.

ladies most desirous of admittance. TIM. You had rather be at a breakfast of Tim. Ladies ! what are their wills? enemies, than a dinner of friends.

Serv. There comes with them a forerunner, my Alcib. So they were bleeding-new, my lord, lord, which bears that office, to signify their there's no meat like 'em; I could wish my best pleasures. friend at such a feast.

TIM. I pray, let them be admitted. APEM. Would all those flatterers were thine enemies then, that then thou mightst kill 'em,

Enter Cupid. and bid me to 'em!

Cup. Hail to thee, worthy Timon ;—and to all 1 Lond. Might we but have that happiness, That of his bounties taste !—The five best senses my lord, that you would once use our hearts, Acknowledge thee their patron; and come freely whereby we might ex ess some part of our zeals, To gratulate thy plenteous bosom : the ear, we should think ourselves for ever perfect.

Taste, touch, smell, pleas'd from thy table rise ; C Tim. O, no doubt, my good friends, but the

They only now come but to feast thine

eyes. gods themselves have provided that I shall have Tim. They are welcome all; let 'em have kind much help from you: how had you been my

admittance : friends else? why have you that charitable title Music, make their welcome. [Exit CUPID. from thousands, did not you chiefly belong to my 1 LORD. You see, my lord, how ample you're heart ? I have told more of you to myself, than

belov'd. you can with modesty speak in your own behalf; and thus far I confirm you. O, you gods, think

Music. Re-enter CUPID, with a masque of I, what need we have any friends, if we should Ladies as Amazons, with lutes in their hands, ne'er have need of 'em ? they were the most dancing and playing. needless creatures living, should we ne'er have use APEM. Hoy day, what a sweep of vanity comes for 'em ;" and would most resemble sweet instru

this way! ments hung up in cases, that keep their sounds to

They dance ! they are mad women. themselves. Why, I have often wished myself Like madness is the glory of this life, poorer, that I might come nearer to you. We are

As this pomp shows to a little oil and root. born to do benefits; and what better or properer We make ourselves fools, to disport ourselves; can we call our own, than the riches of our friends ?

And spend our flatteries, to drink those men, 0, what a precious comfort ’tis, to have so many; Upon whose age we void it up again, like brothers, commanding one another's fortunes ! With poisonous spite and envy. O joy,* e'en made away ere't can be born! Mine

Who lives, that's not depraved or depraves ? eyes cannot hold out water, methinks; to forget Who dies, that bears not one spurn to their graves their faults, I drink to you.

Of their friends' gift? APEM. Thou weepest to make them drink, I should fear those that dance before me now, Timon.

Would one day stamp upon me: 't has been done; 2 LORD. Joy had the like conception in our Men shut their doors against a setting sun.

eyes, And, at that instant, like a babe, sprung up.

The Lords rise from table, with much adoring of APEM. Ho, ho! I laugh to think that babe TIMON; and to show their loves, each singles a bastard.

out an Amazon, and all dance, men with 3 LORD. I promise you, my lord, you mov'd women, a lofty strain or two to the hautboys,

me much. APEM. Much !

[Tucket sounded. Tim. You have done our pleasures much grace, Tim. What means that trump?

fair ladies,

and cease.

(*) Old text, ioyes. a Should we ne'er have use for 'em.) Either this or the previous clause, --" if we should ne'er have need of 'em," was probably intended to be cancelled.

Warburton made the happy emendation now universally accepted.

b Much!) This contemptuous expression, or epithet, occurs again in the "Second part of Henry IV." Act II. Sc. 4.

The ear, Taste, touch, smell, pleas'd from thy table rise;] Corruptly given in the old text:

“There tast, touch all, pleas'd from thy Table rise:”

d As this pomp shows to a little oil and root.) A line so inerplicable and obtrusive as part of the speech, that we could almost believe it to have been originally a stage direction :

“They dance! they are mad women:
Like madness is ihe glory of this life!

[As this pomp shows, take a little

oil and root. We make ourselves fools," &c.


Set a fair fashion on our entertainment,

1 LORD. Where be our men ? Which was not half so beautiful and kind;

Serv. Here, my lord, in readiness. You bave added worth unto 't, and lustre,


Our horses ! And entertain’d me with mine own device ;

Tim. O my friends, I am to thank you for it.

I have one word to say to you.—Look you, my 1 LADY.* My lord, you take us even at the best.

good lord, APEM. Faith, for the worst is filthy; and would I must entreat you honour me so much not hold taking, I doubt me.

As to advance this jewel ; accept it and wear it, Tim. Ladies, there is an idle banquet attends Kind my lord. you:

1 Lond. I am so far already in your gifts,Please you to dispose yourselves.

ALL. So are we all. ALL LAD. Most thankfully, my lord.

[Exeunt CUPID and Ladies. Tim. Flavius,

Enter a Servant.
Flav. My lord.

The little casket bring me hither. Serv. My lord, there are certain nobles of the
Flav. Yes, my lord.—More jewels yet! senate newly alighted, and come to visit you.
There is no crossing him in 's humour ; [Aside. Tim. They are fairly welcome.
Else I should tell him well, i'faith, I should : * FLAV.

I beseech your honour, When all's spent, he'd be cross'd then, an he Vouchsafe me a word ; it does concern you near. could.

Tim. Near! why then another time I'll hear thee: 'Tis pity bounty had not eyes behind,

I pr’ythee, let's be provided to show them enterThat man might ne'er be wretched for his mind. .

[Fetches the casket. Flav. [Aside.] I scarce know how.

(*) Old text, 1 Lord.
There is no crossing him in's humour;
Else I should tell him well, i'faith, I should:

When all's spent, he'd be cross'd then, an he could.] In the secord line we adopt the punctuation of the old copy, which, from not perceiving the sense of tell, that is, rale, or cali

to account, modern editors have oddly altered to,

“Else I should tell him,-well,-'faith, I should." The word crossing induced the irresistible paragram on tell, and a still further quibble on cross'd, which is to be understood, both in the sense of ihwarted and have crosses, or money. For examples of a similar equivoque, see note (C), p. 56, Vol. 1., and note (a), p. 141 of the present Volume.

And so

Am I to you.

Enter another. Servant.

no man can justly praise, but what he does affect :

I weigh my friend's affection with mine own; I'll 2 Serv. May it please your honour, lord Lucius, tell you true. I'll call to you. Out of his free love, hath presented to you


0, none so welcome. Four milk-white horses, trapp'd in silver.

Tim. I take all and your several visitations Tim. I shall accept them fairly: let the presents

So kind to heart, 't is not enough to give ;
Be worthily entertain'd. -

Methinks, I could deal kingdoms to my friends,
And ne'er be weary.--Alcibiades,

Thou art a soldier, therefore seldom rich,
Enter a third Servant.

It comes in charity to thee ; for all thy living

Is 'mongst the dead ; and all the lands thou hast How now! what news ?

Lie in a pitch'd field. 3 Serv. Please you, my lord, that honourable ALCIB.

Ay, defiled land, my lord. gentleman, lord Lucullus, entreats your company 1 Lond. We are so virtuously bound, to-morrow to hunt with him ; and has sent your TIM. honour two brace of greyhounds.

Tim. I'll hunt with him; and let them be receiv'd, 2 Lond. So infinitely endear’d, Not without fair reward.

Tim. All to you.—Lights, more lights ! Flav. [Aside.]

What will this come to ? 1 LORD. The best of happiness, honour, and He commands us to provide, and give great gifts,

fortunes, And all out of an empty coffer.

Keep with you, lord Timon ! Nor will he know his purse ; or yield me this, Tim. Ready for his friends. To show him what a beggar his heart is,

[Exeunt ALCIBIADES, Lords, dc. Being of no power to make his wishes good ;


What a coil's here. His promises fly so beyond his state,

Serving of becks,a and jutting out of bums ! That what he speaks is all in debt, he owes for I doubt whether their lego be worth the sums every word;

That are given for 'em. Friendship's full of dregs : He is so kind, that he now pays interest for't ; Methinks, false hearts should never have sound legs. His land's put to their books. Well, would I were Thus honest fools lay out their wealth on court'sies. Gently put out of office, before I were forc'd out ! Tim. Now, Apemantus, if thou wert not sullen, Happier is he that has no friend to feed,

I would be good to thee. Than such that do e'en enemies exceed.

APEM. No, I'll nothing: for, if I should be I bleed inwardly for my lord.


[Exit. bribed too, there would be none left to rail upon Tim. You do yourselves much wrong, you bate thee; and then thou wouldst sin the faster. Thou too much of your own merits.--Here, my lord, givest so long, Timon, I fear me thou wilt give trifle of our love.

away thyself in paper shortly : what need these 2 LOND. With more than common thanks I will feasts, pomps, and vain glories ? receive it.

Tim. Nay, an you begin to rail on society once, 3 LORD. O, he's the very soul of bounty! I am sworn not to give regard to you. Farewell ; Tim. And now I remember, my lord, you gave and come with better music.

Erit. good words the other day of a bay courser I rode APEM, So thou wilt not hear me now," thou yours, because


liked it. [that. shalt not then ; I'll lock thy heaven from thee. 2 Lond. O, I beseech you, pardon me, my lord, in 0, that men's ears should be Tru. You may take my word, my lord; I know, To counsel deaf, but not to flattery! [Exit.

on : 't is

& Becks,-) Becks here mean bows.

b I doubt whether their legs, &c.] Tomake a leg, meant formerly to inake an obeisance. Apemantus, perhaps, intends a play upon

the word.

In paper-) In paper is supposed to mean in securities. d So thou wilt not-) That is, As thou wilt not, &c.

[graphic][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Enter a Senator with paper's in his hand.

Enter Caphis. Sen. And late, five thousand ;-to Varro and CAPh.

Here, sir ; what is your to Isidore

pleasure? He owes nine thousand ;—besides my former Sen. Get on your cloak, and haste you to lord sum,

Timon ; Which makes it five and twenty.—Still in motion Importune him for my monies; be not ceas’d Of raging waste ! It cannot hold; it will not. With slight denial ; nor then silenc'd, when— If I want gold, steal but a beggar's dog,

Commend me to your master—and the cap And give it Timon, why, the dog coins gold : Plays in the right hand, thus :—but tell him, If I would sell my horse, and buy ten more*

sirrah,* Better than he, why, give my horse to Timon, My uses cry to me, I must serve my turn Ask nothing, give it him, it foals me straight, Out of mine own; his days and times are past, Ten able horses: no portero at his gate ;

And my reliances on his fracted dates But rather one that smiles, and still invites Have smit my credit: I love and honour him ; All that pass by. It cannot hold ; no reason But must not break my back to heal his finger: Can foundt his state in safety. Caphis, ho! Immediate are my needs ; and my relief Caphis, I say!

Must not be toss’d and turn’d to me in words,

(*) Old text, moe.

(1) Old text, sound. Ten-] This is Pope's emendation, the old text having “twenty."

b Ten-) So Theobald. The old text reads_" And able horses."

(*) First folio omits, sirrah. c No porter-) From what follows we may suspect the original had “no grim porter.”

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