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Those suns of glory, those two lights of men, Order

gave each thing view ; the office did Met in the vale of Andren.*

Distinctly his full function. NORF. 'Twixt Guynes and Arde : Buck.

Who did guide ? I was then present, saw them salute on horseback; I mean, who set the body and the limbs Beheld them, when they 'lighted, how they clung Of this great sport together, as you guess ? In their embracement, as they grew together ; Norf. One, certes, that promises no elementa Which had they, what four thron'd ones could In such a business. have weigh'd

Buck.

I pray you, who, my lord ? Such a compounded one?

Norf. All this was order'd by the good Buck. All the whole time

discretion I was my chamber's prisoner.

Of the right-reverend cardinal of York. [freed NORF.

Then
you lost

Buck. The devil speed him ! no man's pie is
The view of earthly glory : men might say, From his ambitious finger. What had he
Till this time pomp was single, but now married To do in these fierce vanities ? I wonder
To one above itself. Each following day

That such a keecho can with his

very

bulk Became the next day's master, till the last

Take

up
the
rays

o the beneficial sun,
Made former wonders its : to-day, the French, And keep it from the earth.
All clinquant, all in gold, like heathen gods,

NORF.

Surely, sir, Shone down the English ; and, to-morrow, they There's in him stuff that puts him to these ends : Made Britain, India : every man that stood, For,-being not propp'd by ancestry, whose grace Show'd like a mine. Their dwarfish pages were Chalks successors their way; nor call'd upon As cherubins, all gilt: the madams too,

For high feats done to the crown; neither allied Not us'd to toil, did almost sweat to bear

To eminent assistants ; but, spider-like, The pride upon them, that their

very

labour Out of his self drawing web,—he gives us note, — Was to them as a painting : now this masque The force of his own merit makes his

way ; Was cried incomparable ; and the ensuing night A gift that heaven gives for him, which buys Made it a fool and beggar. The two kings, A place next to the king. Equal in lustre, were now best, now worst,

ABER.

I cannot tell As presence did present them ; him in eye, What heaven hath given him,-let some graver eye Still him in praise : and, being present both,

Pierce into that ;-but I can see his pride ’T was said, they saw but one; and no discerner Peep through each part of him : whence has he Durst wag his tongue in censure. When these suns

that? (For so they phrase 'em) by their heralds challeng'd If not from hell, the devil is a niggard ; The noble spirits to arms, they did perform Or has given all before, and he begins Beyond thought's compass; that former fabulous A new hell in himself. story,

Buck.

Why the devil,
Being now seen possible enough, got credit, Upon this French going-out, took he upon him,
That Bevis was believ'd.(1)

Without the privity o' the king, to appoint
Buck.
O, you go far.

Who should attend on him? He makes up the file
NORF. As I belong to worship, and affect Of all the gentry ; for the most part such
In honour honesty, the tract of every thing To whom as great a charge as little honour
Would by a good discourser lose some life, He meant to lay upon : and his own letter,
Which action's self was tongue to. All was royal ; o The honourable board of council out,
To the disposing of it nought rebell’d,

Must fetch him in, he papers."

* Andren.] So in the original, and so also in Holinehed, whom Shakespeare followed. The valley of Ardren lies between Guynes and Ardres; and, at the period alluded to, the former belonged to the English, and the latter to the French.

b Durst wag his tongue in censure.] That is, in judging either superior to the other.

¿ All was royal ;] These words and the remainder of the speech are in the old copies given to Buckingham.

d No element-] No rudimentary knowledge even. e Keech--) See note (e), p. 530, Vol. I.

ľ Out of his self drawing web,-he gives us note,-) The old text reads :

“Out of his Selfe-drawing Web. O gives us note," &c. Steevens surmised that the manuscript had, "'A gives us note," which the compositor mistook for “O gives us note." This is not improbable; but the expression, “self-drawing web," which every editor adopts without comment, appears to us an error likewise. The sense is better and more clearly expressed by omitting the hyphen.

% A gift that heaven gives for him, &c.] This is a very doubt

ful line. Mr. Collier's annotator changes it to

" A gift that heaven gires him, and which buys;"
but if such licentious alterations were permissible, it would be
easy to improve on this cmendation.
h

and his own letler,
The honourable board of council out,

Must fetch him in, he papers.)
By "The honourable board of council out," is meant, without
concurrence of the council; but what are we to understand by
the expression in the last line,—"he papers ?" In sheer despair,
Pope threw out a suggestion that papers was here a verb.--"whom
he papers down," and succeeding editors have been content with
the explication; yet what thinking reader can ever believe this
is what Shakespeare intended ? From the context, see especially
the two next speeches, it would seem that the sense requires &
synonyme for the verb beggars,—"whom he beggars," or im-
poverishes; it is then possible that the meaningless papers is a
misprint, and that we should read :-

And his own letter,
Must fetch him in, he paupers."

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O, many

ABER.

I do know Kinsmen of mine, three at the least, that have Enter CARDINAL WOLSEY (the purse borne before By this so sicken’d their estates, that never

him), certain of the Guard, and two SecreThey shall abound as formerly.

taries with papers.

The CARDINAL in his Buck.

passage fixeth his eye on BUCKINGHAM, and Have broke their backs with laying manors on BUCKINGHAM on him, both full of disdain.

'em For this great journey. What did this vanity

Wol. The duke of Buckingham's surveyor, ha? But minister communication of

Where's his examination ? A most poor issue ? *

1 SECR.

Here, so please you. NORF. Grievingly I think,

Wol. Is he in person ready ? The peace between the French and us not values 1 Secr.

Ay, please your grace, The cost that did conclude it.

Wol. Well, we shall then know more; and Всск. . Every man,

Buckingham After the hideous storm that follow'd, was

Shall lessen this big look. A thing inspir'd; and, not consulting, broke

[Exeunt CARDINAL and Train. Into a general prophecy,—That this tempest, Buck. This butcher's cur is venom-mouth'd, * Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded

and I The sudden breach on't.

Have not the power to muzzle him ; therefore NORF. Which is budded out;

best For France hath flaw'd the league, and hath Not wake him in his slumber. A beggar's book e attach'd

Out-worths a noble's blood. Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux.

Norf.

What, are you chaf d ? ABER.

Is it therefore Ask God for temperance; that's the appliance The ambassador is silenc'd ?

only, NORF.

Marry, is't. Which your disease requires. ABER, A proper title of a peace; and pur- Buck.

I read in's looks chas'd

Matter against me ; and his eye revil'd At a superfluous rate!

Me, as his abject object : at this instant Buck.

Why, all this business He boresd me with some trick: he's gone to the Our reverend cardinal carried.

king; NORF.

Like it your grace, I'll follow, and out-stare him. The state takes notice of the private difference NORF.

Stay, my lord, Betwixt

you

and the cardinal. I advise you, And let your reason with your choler question (And take it from a heart that wishes towards What 't is you go about: to climb steep hills, you

Requires slow pace at first: anger is like Honour and plenteous safety,) that you read A full-hot horse, who being allow'd his way, The cardinal's malice and his potency

Self-mettle tires him. Not a man in England Together : to consider further, that

Can advise me like you : be to yourself What his high hatred would effect, wants not

As

you would to your friend, A minister in his power. You know his nature,

Buck.

I'll to the king; That he's revengeful ; and I know his sword And from a mouth of honour quite cry down Hath a sharp edge: it's long, and 't may be This Ipswich fellow's insolence; or proclaim said,

There's difference in no persons. It reaches far; and where 't will not extend,

NORF.

Be advis'd; Thither he darts it. Bosom up my counsel, Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot You'll find it wholesome. Lo, where comes that That it do singe yourself: we may outrun, rock

By violent swiftness, that which we run at, That I advise your shunning.

And lose by over-running. Know you not,

(*) Old text, venom'd-mouth'd.

C

But minister communication of

A most poor issue ?] That is, But furnish discourse on the poverty of its result. Communication in the sense of talk, or discourse, is found so repeatedly in writers of Shakespeare's time, that the passage would hardly have required explanation, if the commentators had not overlooked this meaning of the word, and Mr. Collier, in adopting "consummation,"-a reading of his annotator,-had not pronounced the old text "little better than nonsense.

A beggar's book
Out-worths a noble's blood.)
It may be we should read, "a beggar's look ; " it was the look
which Wolsey threw on Buckingham, that chased his “blood :"-

Like it your grace,-) Equivalent to “An it like your grace."

his eye revilla Me, as his abject object." d He bores me with some trick :) According to Johnson, He stabs or wounds me with some artifice or fiction. Rather, He undermines me with some device.

I am sorry

The fire that mounts the liquor till’t run o'er, And break the foresaid peace. Let the king In seeming to augment it wastes it? Be advis'd :

know I say again, there is no English soul

(As soon he shall by me) that thus the cardinal More stronger to direct you than yourself, Does buy and sell his honour as he pleases, If with the sap of reason you would quench,

And for his own advantage. Or but allay, the fire of passion.

NORF. Brck. Sir, I am thankful to you ; and I'll go To hear this of him ; and could wish he were along

Something mistakenin't. By your prescription :—but this top-proud fellow, Buck.

No, not a syllable ; (Whom from the flow of gall I name not, but I do pronounce him in that very shape From sincere motions,) by intelligence,

He shall appear in proof.
And proofs as clear as founts in Júly, when
We see each grain of gravel, I do know

Enter BRANDON ; a Sergeant-at-arms before him,
To be corrupt and treasonous.
NORF.
Say not, treasonous.

and two or three of the Guard, Buck. To the king I'll say't; and make my vouch as strong

BRAN. Your office, sergeant; execute it. As shore of rock. Attend. This holy fox,

SERG.

Sir,
Or wolf, or both,—for he is equal ravenous My lord the duke of Buckingham, and earl
As he is subtle, and as prone to mischief

Of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I
As able to perform 't; his mind and place Arrest thee of high treason, in the name
Infecting one another, yea, reciprocally,- Of our most sovereign king.
Only to show his pomp as well in France

BUCK.

Lo, you, my lord, As here at home, suggests the king our master The net has fall’n upon me! I shall perish To this last costly treaty, the interview,

Under device and practice. That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a BRAN.

I am sorry, glass

To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on Did break ï the rinsing :-*

The business present : b'tis bis highness' pleasure, NORF.

Faith, and so it did. You shall to the Tower. Buck. Pray, give me favour, sir—this cunning Buck.

It will help me nothing cardinal

To plead mine innocence ; for that dye is on me The articles o' the combination drew

Which makes my whit'st part black. The will of As himself pleas'd ; and they were ratified,

heaven As he cried, Thus let be, to as much end

Be done in this and all things !-I obey.As give a crutch to the dead : but our count- 0

my lord Aberga'ny, fare you

well ! cardinal

BRAN. Nay, he must ar you company.Has done this, and 'tis well; for worthy Wolsey,

The king [To ABERGAVENNY. Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows, Is pleas'd you shall to the Tower, till

you

know (Which, as I take it, is a kind of puppy

How he determines further. To the old dam, treason,)-Charles the emperor,

ABER.

As the duke said, Under pretence to see the queen his aunt,

The will of heaven be done, and the king's (For 't was indeed his colour ; but he came

pleasure To whisper Wolsey,) here makes visitation : By me obey'd ! His fears were, that the interview betwixt

BRAN. Here is a warrant from England and France might, through their amity, The king, to attach lord Montacute; and the Breed him some prejudice ; for from this league

bodies Peep'd harms that menac'd him: het privily Of the duke's cónfessor, John de la Car, Deals with our cardinal ; and, as I trow,- One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor, Which I do well, for, I am sure,—the emperor Buck. Paid ere he promis'd; whereby his suit was These are the limbs o' the plot :- :-no more, I granted

hope ? Ere it was ask’d; but when the way was made, BRAN. A monk o' the Chartreux. And pav'd with gold, the emperor thus desir'd ;- Buck.

0, Nicholast Hopkins ? That he would please to alter the king's course, BRAN.

He.

So, so;

(*) old text, wrenching. (t) First folio omits, he. · Mistaken-) Misapprehended. b The business present :) That is, I am sorry, since it is to

(*) Old text, Councellour. (t) Old text, Michaell. see you deprived of liberty, that I am a witness of this business.

Buck. My surveyor is false; the o'er-great Are in great grievance: there have been comcardinal

missions Hath show'd him gold : my life is spann'd already: Sent down among 'em, which hath flaw'd the heart I am the shadow of poor Buckingham,

Of all their loyalties :—wherein, although, Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on, My good lord cardinal, they vent reproaches By dark ning my clear sun. My lord, * farewell. Most bitterly on you, as putter-on

[Exeunt. Of these exactions, yet the king our master,

(Whose honour heaven shield from soil !) even he

escapes not

Language unmannerly, yea, such which breaks SCENE II.-The same. The Council Chamber.

The sides of loyalty, and almost appears
In loud rebellion.

Norf.
Cornets. Enter KING HENRY, CARDINAL WOLSEY,

Not almost appears, the Lords of the Council, Sir Thomas LOVELL,

It doth appear ; for, upon these taxations, Officers, and Attendants. The King enters

The clothiers all, not able to maintain leaning on the Cardinal's shoulder.

The many to them ’longing, have put off

The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers, who, K. Hen. My life itself, and the best heart of it,

Unfit for other life, compellid by hunger Thanks for this great care: I stood i' the level

And lack of other means, in desperate manner you Of a full-charg'd confederacy, and give thanks

Daring the event to the teeth, are all in uproar, To that chok'd it.-Let be call'd before us

And danger serves among them. you That gentleman of Buckingham's : in person

K. HEN.

Taxation ! I'll hear him his confessions justify;

Wherein ? and what taxation ?--My lord cardinal,

You that are blam'd for it alike with us,
And point by point the treasons of his master
He shall again relate.

Know you of this taxation ?
Wol.

Please you, sir,

I know but of a single part, in aught The King takes his state. The Lords of the

Pertains to the state ; and front but in that file Council take their several places. The

Where others tell steps with me. CARDINAL places himself under the King's

Q. Kath.

No, my lord, feet, on his right side.

You know no more than others : but you frame

Things, that are known alike, which are not wholeA noise without, crying, Room for the Queen."

Enter the Queen, ushered by the Dukes of To those which would not know them, and yet must NORFOLK and SUFFOLK : she kneels. The

Perforce be their acquaintance. These exactions, KING riseth from his state, takes her up, Whereof my sovereign would have note, they are kisses, and placeth her by him.

Most pestilent to the hearing; and, to bear 'em,

The back is sacrifice to the load. They say Q. Kath. Nay, we must longer kneel; I am a They are devis’d by you ; or else you suffer suitor.

Too hard an exclamation. K. Hen. Arise, and take place by us :

:-half K. HEN.

Still exaction !

The nature of it ? In what kind, let's know, Never name to us; you have half our power: Is this exaction ? The other moiety, ere you ask, is given ;

Q. Katu. I am much too venturous Repeat your will, and take it.

In tempting of your patience; but am bolden'd Q. Kath.

Thank your majesty. Under your promis'd pardon. The subjects' grief That you

would love yourself, and in that love Comes through commissions, which compel from Not unconsider'd leave your honour, nor

each The dignity of your office, is the point

The sixth part of his substance, to be levied Of my petition.

Without delay; and the pretence for this K. HEN. Lady mine, proceed.

Is nam’d, your wars in France: this makes bold Q. Kath. I am solicited, not by a few,

mouths : And those of true condition, that your subjects Tongues spit their duties out, and cold hearts freeze

some

your suit

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(*) Old text, Lords.
I am the shadow of poor Buckingham,
Whose figure even this instant cloud puits on,

affords an intelligible meaning. Our idea of it is, that by figure is meant his own form, and that the expression “cloud puts on, signities assumes obscurity; or possibly, is eclipsed by cloud.

By dark'ning my clear sun.)
A very difficult passage, of which, no explanation yet attempted

b Putter-on--] Contriver, deriser. So in "The Winter's Tale," Act II. Sc. 1:

" You are abus'd, and by some pulter-on."

[graphic]

Allegiance in them ; their curses now,
Live where their prayers did ; and it's come to pass,
This a tractable obedience is a slave
To each incensed will. I would your highness
Would give it quick consideration, for
There is no primer business."
K. HEN.

By my life,
This is against our pleasure.
Wol.

And for me,
I have no further gone in this, than by
A single voice ; and that not pass'd me but
By learned approbation of the judges. If I am

Traduc'd by ignorant tongues, which neither know
My faculties nor person, yet will be
The chronicles of my doing, let me say,
'Tis but the fate of place, and the rough brake
That virtue must go through. We must not stint
Our necessary actions, in the fear
To cope

malicious censurers; which ever,
As ravenous fishes, do a vessel follow
That is new trimm’d, but benefit no further
Than vainly longing. What we oft do best,
By sick interpreters, once weak ones, is
Not ours, or not allow’d; what worst, as oft,

a This tractable obedience is a slave--] So the old text. Rowe reads,

That tractable obedience," &c. And Mr. Collier's annota:or,

" Their tractable obe nce,&c. b No primer business.] The old copies have "basenesze," which was corrected in Southern's copy of the fourth folio.

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