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So good, so noble, and so true a master ?
Bear witness, all that have not hearts of iron,
With what a sorrow Cromwell leaves his lord. —
The king shall have my service; but my prayers
Forever and forever shall be yours !”

Pathetic Supplication and Intercession. (“ Effusive orotund:' * Subdued” force: “ Median stress :” “Low

pitch :” “Semitone,” throughout, with occasional “chromatic third.'') 1.- [King HENRY VI. AT THE DEATH-BED OF CARDINAL BEAUFORT.] –

“O Thou eternal mover of the heavens,
Look with a gentle eye upon this wretch !
Oh! beat away the busy, meddling fiend,
That lays strong siege unto this wretch's soul;
And from his bosom purge this black despair !”

Penitential Supplication and Entreaty. {"? Pure tone, pectoral quality :” “Subdued” force : Soft, but earnest

“vanishing stress :” “Very low pitch :” “Semitone," throughout, with occasional “chromatic third” and “fifth.”)

[THE PSALMIST'S SELF-HUMILIATION AND CONTRITION.) “Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy loving kindness : according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies, blot out my transgressions! Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity and cleanse me from my sin. For I acknowledge my transgressions ; and my sin is ever before me. Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight. Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities! Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation !” .

CULTIVATION OF PURE TONE. [Our desire to render this manual conducive, as far as possible, to a perfect development of the voice, induced us to solicit the aid arising from the perfect discipline to which the organs are subjected, in the elementary practice of the art of music. Professor G. J. Webb, of the Boston Academy of Music, has, in compliance with our request, furnished the following directions for the cultivation of per

fect purity of tone, the want of which, in elocution, is a prevalent fault, both in public speaking and private reading.)

It is important that the pupil, at the very outset of vocal study, should have the ability of appreciating purity of tone. Unless he has some distinct perception of it; in other words, unless a model of pure tone has been formed in his own mind, all merely physical effort to acquire it will be likely to fail.

The practice of the scale in swelling tones, is chiefly relied upon by teachers of vocal music, for developing the voice, and for acquiring purity, mellowness, flexibility, and an adequate breadth of tone.

Immediately before singing each sound, breath should be taken so as completely to inflate the lungs; and after pausing an instant with the chest well expanded, the sound should commence with firmness, but with great softness, then gradually augmented to the loudest degree, succeeded by being as gradually diminished to the degree of force with which it began. Each tone should be prolonged from eighteen to twenty seconds.

This exercise, as a general rule, should be continued for about two months ; singing the scale daily about four times.

In the delivery of the tones of the “ chest register," the air ought to escape without touching the surfaces of the mouth; the tones of the “medium register,” are best acquired by directing the air a little above the upper front teeth:- in those of the “head register,” the air is directed vertically

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To adapt the above exercise to the Contralto and Bass voice, it must be transposed a third or fourth lower. This mark

on is designed to indicate the swelling

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< pp tone; the double comma before each note, the place for breathing.


(“Subdued” force, or softened utterance.)

I.- Pathos.
“I wandered on, scarce knowing where I went,
Till I was seated on an infant's grave..
Alas! I knew the little tenant well :
She was one of a lovely family,
That oft had clung around me like a wreath
Of flowers, the fairest of the maiden spring :-
It was a new-made grave, and the green sod
Lay loosely on it; yet affection there
Had reared the stone, her monument of fame.
I read the name I loved to hear her lisp :-
'Twas not alone; but every name was there,
That lately echoed through that happy dome.

“I had been three weeks absent :— in that time
The merciless destroyer was at work,
And spared not one of all the infant group.
The last of all I read the grandsire's name,
On whose white locks I oft had seen her cheek,
Like a bright sunbeam on a fleecy cloud,
Rekindling in his eye the fading lustre,
Breathing into his heart the glow of youth,
He died, at eighty, of a broken heart,
Bereft of all for whom he wished to live."

2.— [Heroism of the PILGRIMS.] Choate. [“ I acknowledge the splendor of the scene of Thermopylæ in all its aspects. I admit its morality, too, and its useful influence on every Grecian heart, in that greatest crisis of Greece.]

“And yet, do you not think, that whoso could, by adequate description, bring before you that winter of the Pilgrims, its brief sunshine, the nights of storm slow waning; the damp and icy breath, felt to the pillow of the dying ; its destitutions, its contrasts with all their former experience in life ; its insulation and loneliness; its death-beds and burials ; its memories; its apprehensions; its hopes; the consultations of the prudent ; the prayers of the pious; the occasional cheerful hymn, in which the strong heart threw off its burthen, and, asserting its unvanquished nature, went up like a bird of dawn, to the skies ; - do ye not think that whoso could describe them calmly waiting in that defile, lonelier and darker than Thermopylæ, for a morning that might never dawn, or might show them, when it did, a mightier arm than the Persian, raised as in act to strike,' would sketch a scene of more difficult and rarer heroism?”

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. II. — Solemnity.. .
("Subdued” force, - soft and deep tone.)
1.- [STANZA OF A Russian Hymn.] - Bowring.
“ Thou breathest ; – and the obedient storm is still ;
Thou speakest; — silent the submissive wave:
Man's shattered ship the rushing waters fill;
And the hushed billows roll across his grave.
Sourceless and endless God! compared with Thee,
Life is a shadowy, momentary dream;
And time, when viewed through Thy eternity, i
Less than the mote of morning's golden beam.”,.

2.- (MIDNIGHT MUSINGS.]—Irving. “I am now alone in my chamber. The family have long since retired. I have heard their steps die away, and the doors clap to after them. The murmur of voices, and the peal of remote laughter, no longer reach the ear. The clock from the church in which so many of the former inhabitants of this house lie buried, has chimed the awful hour of midnight.

“I have sat by the window, and mused upon the dusky landscape, watching the lights disappearing, one by one, from the distant village ; and the moon rising in her silent majesty, and leading up all the silver pomp of heaven. As I have gazed upon these quiet groves and shadowing lawns, silvered over and imperfectly lighted by streaks of dewy moonshine, my mind has been crowded by thick-coming fancies' concerning those spiritual beings which

· Walk the earth,
Unseen, both when we wake and when we sleep.'"

“Go forth under the open sky, and list
To Nature's teachings, while from all around,

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