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patron, yet he gratefully acknowledges that to this munificent person, under Providence, he owed “the quiet, the opportunities, and cir« cumstances of preaching, as if God had so “ interwoven the support of his affairs with his “ patron's charity, that he would have no ad“ vantages pass upon him, but by his interest; “and that he should expect no reward of the “ issues of his profession, unless his lordship “ had a share in the blessing."" By a spirit like Taylor's, “ chastened but not killed, sorrowful “ yet alway rejoicing, poor yet making many “ rich,” such beneficence was received with warmth answerable to the greatness of the occasion. And he gives thanks to Providence that his lot had fallen so fairly; that he could serve his friend in that ministry, by which he was bound to serve God; and that his gratitude and his duty were thus united.
But there are grounds for believing, that upon his first coming into Wales, the enmity of the opposite party pursued him, and reduced him to great distress; and that he was indebted to some more generous person of the prevailing side for his safety, previous to his
finding protection at Golden Grove. The reason for such a notion is contained in the opening of the dedication prefixed to his « Dis. “ course of the Liberty of Prophesying,” in which he tells his noble friend, Lord Hatton, that, “ In the great storm which had dashed " the vessel of the church in pieces, he had “ been cast upon the coast of Wales, and in a “ little boat thought to have enjoyed that rest “ and quietness, which in England in a greater “ he could not hope for. Here he cast anchor, " and thinking to ride safely, the storm fol« lowed him with so impetuous violence ", that « it broke a cable, and he lost his anchor : and “ here again he was exposed to the mercy “ of the sea, and the gentleness of an element " that could neither distinguish things nor per« sons. And but, that he who stilleth the ra “ ging of the sea, and the noise of his waves,
. 4 The sequestered situation of Golden Grove, was so far from securing it against the violence of the times, that Cromwell himself in his way to besiege Pembroke Castle, came there with a troop of horse, with the view of securing the person of the Earl of Carberry; but fortunately the Earl had intelligence of his approach, and retired to a farm house in a remote situation amongst the mountains, where he continued till the Protector had left the neigh bourhood. Carlisle's Topograph. Dict. of Wales, art. Llanfihangel Aberbythick.
" and the madness of the people, had provided “ a plank for him, he had been lost to all the “ opportunities of content or study. But he « knew not whether he had been more pres “ served by the courtesies of his friends, or the “gentleness and mercies of a noble enemy.”,
But be this as it may or may not be thought credible, when he had come ashore, he ga“ thered a few sticks to warm him, a few « books to entertain his thoughts and divert “ them from the perpetual meditation of his • private troubles, and, if possible, from the “ public dyscracy."
But still he found it impossible to separate publicconcerns from the currentof his thoughts; and though deprived * of his own books, he entered upon the subject of the “ Liberty of Pro“phecying;" which was published in quarto, in 1647, ' with the title of conoyia Exexting
* See the Epistle Dedicatory, prefixed to the “ Liberty “ of Prophecying."
See Cole MSS. 5882. art. 4. Lond. 2 Under this title in 1650, 2 vols. Lond. printed for R. Royston, were published, containing "1. The Liberty, of “ Prophecying, 1647. 2. Episcopacie, 1647. 3. The “ History of the Life and Death of the ever blessed Jesus
His motive for undertaking this notable work is given in the epistle prefixed to the “ Eupborov Hfixo-IIoAffixov,” “When,” he says, “ A persecution did arise against the church of « England, and that I intended to make a de“ fensative for my brethren and myself, by “ pleading for liberty of our consciences to “ persevere in that profession which was war“ ranted by all the laws of God and our supe“ riors, some men were angry and would not “ be safe that way, because I had made the “ roof of the sanctuary so wide, that more " might be sheltered under it than they had a “ mind should be saved harmless ; men would “ be safe alone or not at all, supposing that “ their truth and good cause was war“ ranty enough to preserve itself; and they “thought true; it was indeed warranty enough “against persecution, if men had believed it “ to be truth; but because we were fallen un“ der the power of our worst enemies (for “ brethren turned enemies are ever the most
“ Christ. 4. An Apologie for authorised and set Forms
" By Jer. Taylor, D.D.
“ implacable) they looked upon us as men in “ mispersuasion and error. And therefore I was “ to defend our persons, that whether our cause “ were right or wrong (for it would be sup“ posed wrong) yet we might be permitted in “ liberty and impunity: but then the conse“ quent would be this, that if we when we “ were supposed to be in error were yet to be o identified, then others also whom we thought “ as ill of were to rejoice in the same freedom, “ because this equality is the great instrument
of justice, and if we would not do to others as “ we desired should be done to us, we were no “ more to pretend religion, because we destroy " the law and the prophets. Of this some men 6 were impatient; and they would have all the “world spare them, and yet they would spare “ nobody. But because this is too unreason“ able , I need no excuse for my speaking to « other purposes. Others complained that it
would have evil effects, and all heresies would “ enter at the gate of toleration ; and because “ I know that they would croud and throng in “ as far as they could, I placed such guards and “ restraints there as might keep out all un“ reasonable pretenders ; allowing none to en“ ter here that speak against the apostles creed,