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Before the high celestial arch

On starry poles was rear'd: Before the loud melodious spheres

Their tuneful round begun; Before the shining roads of heav'n

Were measur'd by the sun ;
Ere thro' the empyrean courts

One hallelujah rung;
Or to their harps the sons of light

Ecstatic anthems sung :
Ere men ador’d, or angels knew,

Or prais’d thy wondrous name;
Thy bliss, O sacred Spring of life,

Thy glory was the fame.
And when the pillars of the world

With sudden ruin break,
And all this vait and goodly frame

Sinks in the mighty wreck ;
When from her orb the moon shall start,

Th' altopish'd fun roll back,
And all the trembling starry lamps

Their ancient course forsake; For ever permanent and fix'd,

From agitation free,
Unchang'd in everlasting years,

Shall thy existence be. - Mrs. Rowe.
SHOULĎ fate command me to the farthest verge
Of the green earth, to distant barbarous climes,
Rivers unknown to song; where first the sun
Gilds Indian mountains, or his setting beam
Flames on th Atlantic isles, 'tis nought to me.;
Since God is ever present, ever felt,
In the void waste as in the city full ;
And where He vital spreads, there niust be joy.
When ev'n at last the folemn hour shall come,
And wing my mystic flight to future worlds,
I cheerful will obey ; there with new powers,
Will rising wonders fing! I cannot go
Where univerfal love not smiles around,
Sustaining all yon orbs, and all their suns :
From seeming evil ftill educing good,
And better thence again, and better still,
In infinite progresion. But I lose

Myself in Him, in light ineffable !
Come then, expressive filence, mufe his praise. --Thomson.

GAMING. THE votaries to gaming should be such as want helps for conversation ; and none should always have cards in their hands, but those who have nothing but the weather in their mouths; thus gaming would be of service to the republic of wit, by taking away the encouragers of nonfenfe.--Fielding.

GAMING is a vice the more dangerous as it is deceitful; and, contrary to every other species of luxury, flatters its votaries with the hopes of increafing their wealth; so that avarice itself is so far from securing us against its temptations, that it often betrays the more thoughtless and giddy part of mankind into them, promising riches without bounds, and those to be acquired by the most sudden, as well as easy, and indeed pleasant means.- Idem.

THE wretch whom gratitude once fails to bind,
To truth or honor let him lay no claim ;
But Iland confess'd the brute disguis'd in man.
And when we would, with utmost deteftation,
Single some monster from the traitor herd,
'Tis but to say, ingratitude's his crime.---Trowde.

WHEN gratitude o'erflows the swelling heart,
And breathes in free and uncorrupted praise
For benefits receiv'd; propitious heaven
Takes such acknowledginent as fragrant incense,
And doubles all its bleflings.-Lyllo.

GOOD NATURE. GOOD-NATURE is that benevolent and amiable temper of mind, which dispoies us to feel the misfortunes, and enjoy the happiness of others; and consequently pushes us on to promote the latter, and prevent the former, and that without abstract contemplation on the beauty of virtue, and without the allurements or terrors of religion. — Fielding.

GOVERNMENT. TO hinder insurrection by driving away the people, and to govern peaceably, by having no subjects, is an expedient that argues no great profupdity of politics. To foften the obdurate,



119 to convince the mistaken, to mollify the resentful, are worthy of a statesman ; but it affords a legislator little self applause, to consider, that where there was formerly an insurreclion, there is now a wilderness.- Johnson.

THE general story of mankind will evince, that lawful and lettled authority is very feldom refifted when it is well employed. Grofs corruption, or evident imbecility, is necessary to the suppression of that reverence, with which the majority of mankind look upon their governors, or those whom they fee furrounded by fplendor, and fortified by power.-Rambler.

ALL government, indeed every human benefit and enjoynient, every virtue, and every prudent act, is founded on compromise and barter.. Wé balance inconveniencies; we give and take; we remit some rights, that we may enjoy others; and, we chuse rather to be happy citizens, than subtle dispu

As we must give away fome natural liberty, to enjoy civil advantages; so we must sacrifice fome civil liberties, for the advantages to be derived from the communion and fellowship of a great empire. But in all fair dealing, the thing bought, muft bear some proportion to the purchase paid. None will

barter away the immediate jewel of his soul. - Burke.

TO meliorate the condition of human nature, can be the only rational end of government. It cannot be designed to favor one description of men, a minority, at the expense of all others; who, having received life from him who alone can give it, received, at the same time, a right to enjoy it in liberty and security. This was the charter of God and nature; which no mortal, however elevated by conquest or inheritance, can annul or violate without impiety. All government, which makes not the advancement of human happiness, and the comfort of the individuals who are subject to its control, the prime purpose of its operations, partakes of despotism.-Spirit of Despotism.

THE majority of men are poor and obscure. To them all party attachments to names and families, little known as public benefactors, must appear at once absurd and injurious. They are the persons who stand in most need of protection and alistance from the powerful. The rich, under all governments, have a thousand means of procuring either comfort or defence. It is the mass, the poor and middling ranks, unknown to, and unknowing courts or kings, who require all the alleviation which men enlightened by knowledge, furnished with opulence, elevated by rank can afford to lessen the natural evils of life,

aggravated by the moral and artificial. Government poffeffes the power of alleviating, and sometimes of ren

removing, that moral and physical evil which embitters existence. How deplorable, when government becomes so perverted, as to increase the evil it was designed to cure.

Yet this has been, and is now the case on a great part of the globe ; insomuch that the learned and judicious Dr. Prideaux, whose integrity is as well known as his ability, used to say,

" that it was a doubt with him, whether the benefit which the world receives from government, was sufficient to make amends for the calamities which it suffers from the follies, mistakes, and maladminiftration of those who manage it.”-Idem.

FEW and evil are our days, even when they proceed to their natural extent, and are attended with the common portion of health and prosperity. Yet, as if a superfluity of years and happiness were lavished on men, the chief business of the greatest part of the governments on the whole earth has been to abbreviate life, to poison and embitter its sweetest pleasures, and add new pungency to its anguish. Yet see the false glitter of happiness, the pomp and parade which such governments affume; observe the gravity and insolence of superiority which their ministers, their statesmen, aad their warriors, affume, and you would imagine them a commissioned regency, lord lieutenants sent by heaven to rule this lower world, and to rectify all disorders which had escaped the vigilance of the Deity. The time has been when they have actually claimed the title of God's vicegerents, and have been literally worshipped as gods by the servile crew of courtiersmen gradually bowed down by despotism from the creet port of native dignity, and driven by fear to crouch under the most degrading of all fuperftition, the political idolatry of a base fellow-creature.--Idem.

I LAY it down as an incontrovertible axiom, that all who are born into the world have a right to be as happy in it as the unavoidable evils of nature, and their own disordered passions, will allow. The grand object of all good government, of all government that is not an usurpation, muft lie to promote this happiness, to asif every individual in its attainment and fecurity. A government chicky anxious about the emoluments of office, chiefly employed in augmenting its own power and aggrandizing its obfequious inftruments, while it neglects the comfort and safety of individuals in middle or low life, is despotic and a nuisance. It is founded on folly as well as

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Government. wickedness; and, like the freaks of insanity, deals mischief and misery around, without being able to ascertain or limit its extent and duration. If it should not be punished as criminal, let it be coerced as dangerous. Let the Itraight waistcoat be applied; but let men, judging fellow men, always spare the axe.

For what rational purpose could we enter into life? To vex, torment, and slay each other with the sword? To be and to make miserable ? No; I firmly believe, that the great King of kings intended every son and daughter of Adam to be as happy as the eternal laws of nature, under his control, permit them to be in this sublunary state. Execrated and exploded be all those politics, with Machiavel, or the Evil Being, their author, which introduce systems of government and manners among the great, inconsistent with the happiness of the majority. Must real tragedies be forever acting on the Atzge of human life? Must men go on forever to be tormentors and executioners of men? Is the world never to profit by the experience of ages ? Must not even atiempts be made to improve the happineis of life, to improve government, though all arts and sciences are encouraged in their progress to per te Ation? Must the grand art, the sublimest science, that of meliorating the condition of human nature, be stationary? No; forbid it reason, virtue, benevolence, religion ! Let the world be made more and inore comfortable, to all who are allowed the glorious privilege of seeing the sun, and breathing the liberal air. - Idem.

THE principal objects of all rational government, such as is intended to promote human happiness, are two; to preserve peace, and to diffuse plenty. Such government will seldom tax the necessaries of life. It will avoid wars; and, by such humane and wife policy, render taxes on neceduries totally fuperfluous. Taxes on neceffaries are usually caused by war. The poor, however, are not easily excited to insurrection. It is a base calumoy which accuses them. They are naturally quiescent; ir clined to submission by their habits, and willing to reverence all their superiors who behave to them juftly and kindly. They deserve to be ufed well. They deserve coufidence. Bat oppreilion and perfecution may teach them to lift their gigantic arm, and then vain will be relistance. I et not wars then he wantonly undertaken, which, besides their injurlice and inhumanity, tend, more than any thing else, by increasing taxes, to conipel infurrection. The poor man hears great praises betowed on the government he lives under, and


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