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with some European merchants, who fought the favor of trading on his coast, he enquired of them some of the common appearances of summer and winter in their country; and when they told him of water growing fo hard in their rivers, that men and horses, and laden carriages passed over it; and that rain sometimes fell down as white and light as fea: hers, and sometimes almost as hard as stones, he could not believe a syllable they said ; for ice, snow, and hail, were names and things utterly unknown to him, and to his subjects in that hot climate : he therefore renounced all traffic with such shameful liars, and would not suffer them to trade with his people. See here the natural effcts of gross ignorance.

Conversation with foreigners on various occasions has a happy influence to enlarge our minds, and set them free from many errors and gross prejudices we are ready to imbibe concerning them.--Watts.

IF, ye powers divine !
Ye mark the movements of this nether world,
And bring them to account, crush, cruíh those vipers,
Who, fingled out by a community,
To guard their rights, ihall, for a grasp of air,
Or paltry office, fell them to the foe. ----Miller.

WHY should we murmur to be circumscrib'd,
As if it were a new thing to wear fetters ?
When the whole world was meant but to confine us;
Wherein, who walks from one clime to another,
Hath but a greater freedom of the prison :
Our soul was the first captive, born to inherit
But her own chains ; nor can it be discharg'd,
Till nature tire with its own weight, and then
We are but more undone, to be at liberty.-Shirley.

HE has profan'd the sacred name of friend,
And worn it into vileness :
With how fecure a brow, and specious form,
He gilds the secret villain ! Sure that face
Was meant for honesty, but heav'n mismatch'd it å
And furnith'd treason out with nature's pomp,

Tujujice. Innocence

To make its work more easy.
See how he fets his countenance for deceit,
And promises a lie before he speaks. -Dryden.

WHERE Ingrariiude, that fin of upstarts,
And vice of cowards, once takes root, a thousand
Base, grov’ling crimes cling round its monltrons growth,
Like ivy to old vaks, to hide its rottenness. ---Madden.

THE map who wears injustice by his side,
Tho' pow'rful millions follow him to war,
Combats against the odds-against high heav'n.-Havard.

WE upbraid the son whose father was hanged, whereas many a man who deserves to be hanged, was never upbraided in his whole life.-Fielding.

WHAT stronger brealt-plate than a heart untainted ?
Thrice is he arm’d, that has his quarrel just;
A d he but naked, ho'lock'd up in steel,
Whose conscience with injustice is corrupted. --Shakespeare.

WE only who with innocence unshaken,
Have flood the affaulis of fortune, now are happy :
For tho' the worst of men, by high permiilion,
a while may flourish, and the belt endure
The sharpest trials of exrloring misery,
Yet let mankind from thefe examples learn,
That powerful villainy at last fail mourn,
And injur'd virtue triumph in its turn -- Trap.

VIRTUE, dear friend, needs no defence ;
The fureit guard is innocence :
None knew, till guilt created fear,
What darts or poilon'd arrows were.
Integrity undaunted goes
Thro' Lybion fands and Scythian frows,
Or where Hydape's wealthy side
Pays tribute to the Perform p:ide - Roscommon.

THERE are some reasoners who frequently confound innocence with the mere incapacity of guilt; but he ibat never law, or heard, or thought of trong liquors, cannot be proposed as a pattern of fobriety.-johnjon.



-COULD men but know
The bleffings which from Independence flow,
Could they but have a short and transient gleam
Of liberty, tho''twas but in a dream,
They would no more in bondage bend their knee,
But, once made freemen, would be always free.
Bred in a cage, far from the feather'd throng,
The bird repays his keeper with his fong :
But, if some playful child fets wide the door,
Abroad he flies, and thinks of home no more;
With love of liberty begins to burn,
And rather starves than to his cage return.

Hail, independence!—tho' thy name's scarce known,
Tho' thou, alas ! art out of fashion grown,
Tho' all despise thee, I will not despise,
Nor live one moment longer than I prize
Thy presence, and enjoy. By angry fate
Bow'd down, and almost cruh'd, thou cam'ft, tho' late,
Thou cam’st upon me, like a second birth,
And made me know what life was truly worth.
Hail, independence !--never may my cot,
Till I forget thee, be by thee forgot. ---Churchil.

WHAT is life? 'Tis not to stalk about, and draw fresh air, From time to time, or gaze upon the sun; "Tis to be free.

When liberty is gone, Life grows insipid, and has lost its relish.



A day, an hour of virtuous liberty,
Is worth a whole eternity of bondage. --Addison.

HAIL! independence, hail! heav'ns next best gift,
To that of life and an immortal foul!
The life of life! that to the banquet high
And sober meal gives taste; to the bow'd roof
Fair-dream'd repose, and to the cottage charms.
Of public freedom, hail, thou secret source!
Whose streams, from every quarter confluent, form
My better Nile, that nurses human life.
By rills from thee deduc'd, irriguous, fed,
The private field looks gay, with nature's wealth
Abundant flows, and blooms with each delight

Independence.--Inftruation of the People. 145
That nature craves. Its happy maller there,
The only free-man, walks his pleasing round:
Sweet-featur'd peace attending ; fearless truth ;
Firm resolution ; goodness, blessing all

That can rejoice ; contentment, furelt friend ;
And, still fresh stores from Nature's book deriv'd,
Philosophy, companion ever-new.
These cheer his rural, and sustain or fire,
When into action callid, his busy hours.
Mean-time true-judging moderate defires,
Economy and taste, combin'd, direct
His clear affairs, and from debauching fiends
Secure his little kingdom. Nor can those
Whom fortune heaps, without these virtues, reach
That truce with pain, that animated ease,
That self-enjoyment springing from within ;
That independence, active, or retir'd,
Which make the foundest bliss of man below:
But, loft beneath the rubbish of their means,
And drain'd by wants to nature all unknown,
A wandering, tasteless, gayly-wretched train,
Tho' rich are beggars, and tho' poble, flaves.

My friends! be firm ! nor let corruption fly
Twine round your heart indissoluble chains !
The steel of Brutus burst the grosser bonds
By Cæsar cast o'er Rome"; but still remain'd
The soft enchanting fetters of the mind,
And other Cæsars rose. Determined, hold.
Your independence ; for, that once destroy'd,
Unfounded, freedom is a morning dream,
That fits aerial from the spreading eye.Thomson.

INSTRUCTION of the PEOPLE. THE people should be tin&tured with philosophy and religion ; and learn, under their divine instruction, not to consider titular distinction and enormous riches as the chief good, and indispensably requiGte to the happiness of life. A noble spirit of personal virtue should be encouraged in the rising race. They should be taught to seek and find resources in themselves, in an honest independence, in the poffeffion of knowledge, in conscious integrity, in manliness of sentiment, in contemplation and study, in every thing which adds vigor to the nerves of the mind, aad teaches it to deem all honors


disgraceful, and all profits vile, which accrue, as the reward of base compliance, and of a daftardiy defertion from the upright standard of truth, the unspotted banner of justice.--Spirit of Despotism.


A MERCENARY informer knows no distinction, Under such a fyltem, the obnoxious people are slaves, not only to the government, but they live at the mercy of

every individual, they are at once the flaves of the whole community, and of every part of it; and the worst and most unmerciful men are those on whose goodness they most depend.

In this situation, men not only thrink from the frowns of the ftern magistrate, but they are obliged to fly from their very places. The seeds of destruction are fown in civil intercourse, in social habitudes. The blood of wholesome kindred is infected ; their tables and beds are surrounded with fnares ; all the means given by providence to make life safe and comfortable, are perverted into instruments of terror and torment. This species of universal subferviency, that makes the very servant who waits behind your chair the arbiter of your life and fortune, has such a tendency to degrade and debase mankind; and to deprive him of that assured and liberal state of mind, which alone can make us what we ought to be, that I vow to God, I would sooner bring myself to put a man to immediate death for opinions I disliked, and so to get rid of the man and his opinions at once, than to fret him with a feverish being, tainted with the jail distemper of a contagious fervitude, to keep him above ground, an animated mass of putrefaction, corrupted himself, and corrupting all about him.-Burke.


THERE are innumerable modes of insult, and tokens of contempt, for which it is not easy to find a name, which vanih to nothing in an attempt to describe them, and yet may, by continual repetition, make day pass after day in forrow and in terror.-Rambler.

INVETERATE ABUSES. THERE is a time, when men will not suffer bad things because their ancestors have suffered worse. There is a time when the hoary head of inveterate abuse will neither draw reverence ror obtain protection-Burke.

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