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Rich and Poor.
217 Vapour of these malignant minerals. An hundred thousand more at least are tortured without remission by the suffocating smoke, intense fires, and constant drudgery necessary in refining and managing the products of those mines. If any man informed us that two hundred thousand innocent persons were condemned to fo intolerable a Navery, how should we pity the unhappy sufferers, and how great would be our just indignation against those who inflicted lo cruel and ignominious a punishment? This is an instance, I could not wish a stronger, of the numberless things which we pass by in their common dress, yet which shock
us when they are nakedly represented. But this number, considerable as it is, and the slavery with all its baseness and horror, which we have at home, is nothing to what the rest of the world affords of the fame nature millions daily bathed in the poisonous damps and destructive effluvia of lead, filver, copper, and arsenic. To say nothing of those other employments, those stations of wretchedness and contempt in which civil society has placed the numerous enfans perdus of her army. Would
rational man submit to one of the most tolerable of these drudgeries, for all the artificial enjoyments which policy has made to result from them? By no means. And yet need I suggest, that those who find the means, and those who arrive at the end, are not at all the fame persons. On considering the strange and unaccountable fancies and contriyances of artificial reason, I have somewhere called this earth the Bedlam of our fystem. Looking now upon the effects of some of those fancies, may we not with equal reason call it likewise the Newgate and the Bridewell of the universe ? Indeed the blindness of one part of mankind co-operating with the frenzy and villainy of the other, has been the real builder of this respectable fabric of political society. And as the blindness of mankind has caused their llavery, in return, their state of Navery is made a pretence for continuing them in a state of blindness; for the politician will tell you gravely, that their life of fervitude disqualifies the : greater part of the race of man for a search of truth, and supplies
them with no other than mean and insufficient ideas. This is but too true; and this is one of the reasons for which I blame such institutions.
In a misery of this fort, admitting some few lenitives, and those too but a few, nine parts in ten of the whole race of mankind drudge through life.--Burke.
IN the most refined states of Europe the inequality of property has risen to an alarming height. Vait numbers of their inhabitants are deprived of almost every accommodation that can render life tolerable or fecure. Their utmost industry fcarcely suffices for their fupport. The women and children lean with an insupportable weight upon the efforts of the man, so that a large family has, in the lower order of life, become a proverbial expression for an uncommon degree of poverty and wretchedness. If sickness, or some of those casualties which are perpetually incident to an active and laborious life, be supper-added to these burdens; the distress is still greater.
It seems to be agreed that in England there is less wretchedness and distress than in most of the kingdoms of the continent. In England the poor's rates amount to the sum of two millions sterling per annum. It has been calculated, that one person in seven of the inhabitants of the country derives at some period of his life assistance from this fund. If to this we add the persons, who, from pride, a fpirit of independence, or the want of a legal fertlement, though in equal distress, receive no fuch alitance, the proportion will be considerably increased.
I lay no stress upon the accuracy of this calculations the general fact is fufficient to give us an idea of the greatness of the evil --Godwin.
REFORMATION. REFORMATION is one of those pieces which must be put at some ditance in order to please. Its greateít favoure love it better in the abftract than in the substance. When any old prejudice of their own, or any interest that they value, is touched, they becomeu fcrupulous, they become captious, and every man has his feparate exception. Some pluck out the black hairs, fome the grey; one point must be given up to one; anocher point mult be yielded to another; nothing is suffered to prevail upon its owá principles; the whole is so fritteredd down, and disjointed, that scarcely a tráce of the 0:iial scheme remains !. Thus, i between the retistance of po cer, and the unsyitematical process of popularity, the infertaker and the undertaking are .booth exposed, and the pror reformer is nou off the stage, both by friends and foes. - Durke.
Rofe.-- Rule of Life.-Retrospect of Life.
HOW fair is the rofe! what a beautiful flow'r!
The glory of April and May!
And they, wither and die in a day.
Above all the fiow'rs of the field :
Still how sweet a perfume will it yield !
Tho' they bloon and look gay like the rose :
Time kills them as falt as he goes.
Since both of them wither and fade ;
This will scent like a rose when I'm dead, Watls.
RULE of LIFE,
RETROSPECT of LIFE.
Beauty lives a day, and dies; Ilonor lulls us while we live ;
Mirth's a cheat, and pleasure flies, Is there noiling worth our care?
Time, and chance, and death our foes : If our joys so icering are,
Are we only tied to woes?
Her eternal powers prevail,
And beauty, mirth, and pleasure, fail.
RIOTS, tumults, and popular commotions; are indeed truly dreadful, and to be avoided with the utmost care by the lovers of liberty. Peace, good order, and security to all ranks, are the natural fruits of a free constitution, True patriots will be careful to discourage every thing which tends to destroy them; not only because whatever tends to destroy them, tends to destroy all human happiness, but also because even an accidental outrage in popular afsemblies and proceedings, is used by the artful to discredit the cause of liberty. By the utmost attention to preserving the public peace, true patriots will defeat the malicious designs of fervile. courtiers; but, whatever may happen, they will not desert the cause of human nature. Through a dread of licentiousness, they will not forsake the standard of liberty. It is the part of fools to fall upon Scylla in striving to avoid Charybdis.Spirit of Despotism.
WHAT other man speaks fo often and fo vehemenrly againlt the rice of pride, sets the weakness of it in a more odious ligint, or is more hurt with it in another, than the proud man himself? It is the same with the paffionate, the designing, the ambitious, and some other common characters in life ; and being a consequence of the nature of such vices, and almost inseparable from them, the effects of it are generally fo gross and absurd, that where pity does not forbid, it is pleasant to observe and trace the cheat through the several turnings and windings of the heart, aod detect it through all the shapes and appearances which it puts on. -Sterne
HOW frequently is the honesty and integrity of a man dif. posed of by a smile or shruug !- how many good and generous actions have been funk into oblivion, by a distruftful look, or ftampt with the imputation of proceeding from bad motives, by a mysterious and seasonable whisper!
Look into companies of those whose gentle natures should disarm them, we shall find no better account.--How large a portion of chastity is sent out of the world by diftant hints, nodded away and cruelly winked into fufpicion, by the eory Scandal. Shame and Disgrace. of those who are past all temptation of it themselves! Irow often does the reputation of a helpless creature bleed by a report—which the party, who is at the pains to propagate it, beholds with much pity and fellow.feeling- -that the is heartily sorry for it; hopes in God it is not true : however, as archbishop Tillotson wittily observes upon it, is refolved, in the mean time, to give the report her país, that at lcall it may have fair play to take its fortune in the world, -to be believed or noi, according to the charity of those into whose hands is shall happen to fall !--Idlem
THE tongue of a viper is less hurtful than that of a slanderer, and the gilded scales of a rattle-fnake less dreadful than the purse of the oppreffor --Fielding.
THE company of a Nanderer should always be avoided, except you choose to fealt on your neighbour's faults, at the price of being terved up yourself at the tables of others; for persons of this stamp are generally impartial in their abuse. Indeed it is not always pollible totally to escape them ; for being barely known to them, is a sure title to their calumny; but the more they are admitted to your acquaintance, the more you will be abused by them.--Idem.
SHAME and DISGRACE. THEY who have considered our nature, affirm, that Mame and disgrace are two of the must insupportable evils of human life; the courage and fpirits of many have mallered other misfortunes, and borne themselves up against them; but the wisest and best of fouls have not been a match for thefe ; and we have many a tragical iftance on record, what greater crijs have been run into, merely to avoid this one.
Withoat this tax of infamy, poverty, with all the burdens it lays upon our fieth-so long as it is virtuvus, could never break the spirits of a man; all its hunger, and pain, and taked. ness, are nothing to it, they have some counterpoile of good; and befides, they are directed by Providence, ard mulbefi.be mitted to ; but those are afflictions not from iLe hant of God or nature" for they do come forih of the duji,” and moit properly may be said to spring out of the ground, and ihis is the séalon ihey lay fuch frels upon cur patience, and in the end create such a diftiuft of the world, as makes us look up and play, Let me fall into thy hands, O God! but let mc 1:01 full iniu ske bands of men,S!r2.c.